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27 oktober

 
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Emiel



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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2006 23:02    Onderwerp: 27 oktober Reageer met quote

1918 : German general Erich Ludendorff resigns

Under pressure from the government of Chancellor Max von Baden, Erich Ludendorff, the quartermaster general of the German army, resigns on October 27, 1918, just days before Germany calls for an armistice, bringing World War I to an end after four long years.


Second in command to Chief of Staff Paul von Hindenburg for most of the war effort, Ludendorff had masterminded the final, massive German offensive during the spring of 1918. Beginning that summer, however, the Allies—spearheaded by British, French and American troops—made a great resurgence, reversing many of Germany’s gains and turning the tide decisively toward an Allied victory. By the end of September, the Germans had been forced to retreat to the so-called Hindenburg Line, the last line of their defenses in eastern France and western Belgium; on September 29, that formidable line was breached.


That same day, at a meeting of Kaiser Wilhelm’s crown council at the resort town of Spa, Ludendorff demanded that Germany seek an immediate armistice on the terms set forth by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson in his famous Fourteen Points address the previous January. A week later, the newly appointed chancellor, von Baden, contacted Washington to open peace negotiations. Fighting continued, however, as Wilson and the other Allies refused to negotiate with an undemocratic Germany governed, in effect, by the army’s Supreme Command. A defiant Ludendorff and Hindenburg resolved to fight on, issuing a letter to all army group commanders calling the Allied demands that Germany submit to its armistice terms unreasonable and "nothing for us soldiers but a challenge to continue our resistance with all our strength."


This telegraphed "fight to the finish" order was withdrawn after an army commander protested—its message was largely impossible for the demoralized and broken German army to carry out. It was leaked to the newspapers, however, and published on October 25 to the great outrage of the German government. Von Baden went to Kaiser Wilhelm to demand Ludendorff’s resignation; for his part, Ludendorff traveled to Berlin to convince the kaiser to reject the latest note from President Wilson. He blamed defeat on the battlefield to discontent on the home front, stating that if the German people would support their troops, "the war can be maintained for some months." Although backed by Hindenburg and the chief of the German navy, Admiral Reinhardt Scheer, Ludendorff had angered the kaiser, and was forced to tender his resignation. Hindenburg tried to resign as well, but was refused by Wilhelm, and he remained as a mere figurehead for a great German war-making machine that had lost its driving force. Less than two weeks later, the kaiser himself abdicated, and World War I was over.

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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2006 23:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Die Kämpfe am Yserkanal und der Weichsel
Großes Hauptquartier, 27. Oktober, vormittags.
Die Kämpfe am Abschnitt des Yser-Ypern-Kanals, bei Ypern und südwestlich von Lille werden mit gleicher Hartnäckigkeit fortgesetzt. Die deutschen Truppen haben auch gestern Fortschritte gemacht. Auf dem übrigen Teil der Kampffront im Westen haben sich wesentliche Ereignisse nicht zugetragen.
Westlich Augustow ist der Angriff der Deutschen in langsamem Fortschreiten.
Südwestlich Warschau sind alle Angriffe starker russischer Kräfte von unseren Truppen zurückgewiesen worden.
Nördlich Iwangorod haben neue russische Armeekorps die Weichsel überschritten.

Oberste Heeresleitung. 1)





Die Kämpfe in Flandern
Amsterdam, 27. Oktober. (Priv.-Tel.)
In einer Beschreibung, die der Korrespondent der "Times" von dem Geschehen in Belgien gibt, wird gemeldet, daß es den Deutschen durch einen Ausfall aus Westende gelungen ist, einen großen Komplex von Bauernhöfen an der Küste zu erobern, die den Namen Groote Bamburgh führen. Es war dies ein Schlag für die verbündeten Armeen, da diese Bauernhöfe eine Art Festung bilden. Wie gewöhnlich verfügten die Deutschen dabei über eine große Anzahl Maschinengewehre. Vom englischen Geschwader aus wurden sofort in aller Eile eine Anzahl Maschinengewehre in Nieuport ausgeschifft, um die Groote Bamburgh zu retten, aber sie kamen zu spät. Die Deutschen waren schon im Außenhafen und hatten ihre Maschinengewehre aufgestellt.

London, 27. Oktober (W. B.)
Die "Daily Mail" meldet aus Havre: Ein belgisches amtliches Communique sagt, daß die Lage am Sonntag Abend besser war als am Samstag, wo die Belgier die Stellungen am Yser-Fluß aufgeben mußten und 2½ Meilen zurückgeworfen wurden. Seitdem kamen die Belgier, verstärkt durch Verbündete, wieder an verschiedenen Punkten des Flusses in Berührung mit dem Feind. Die Verluste der Belgier betrugen in den neun Tagen, wo in diesem Gebiete gekämpft wurde, 10000 Tote und Verwundete. 2)




Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Die Kämpfe vor Iwangorod
Wien, 27. Oktober.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
In den Kämpfen vor Iwangorod machten wir bisher 8000 Russen zu Gefangenen und erbeuteten 19 Maschinengewehre. Nächst Jaroslaw mußten sich ein russischer Oberst und 200 Mann ergeben. Bei Zalucze (südwestlich Sniatyn) und bei Pasienicza (südwestlich Nodworna) wurde der Feind zurückgeworfen. Die Lage im Großen ist unverändert.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes.
v. Hoefer, Generalmajor. 1)





Der Feldzug gegen die Serben
Wien, 27. Oktober (W. B.)
Amtlich wird gemeldet:
Die aus Romanja-Planina geschlagenen serbisch-montenegrinischen Kräfte wurden nach viertägiger, unausgesetzter Verfolgung bei Visegrad und Gorazde über die Drina zurückgedrängt Unsere Truppen erbeuteten hierbei in einer Schule bei Haust Jenica viel Infanterie- und Artillerie-Munition und eroberten in Nachhutkämpfen auf der Linie Veliko - Brod - Vracevica Maschinengewehre und Gebirgsgeschütze. Ostbosnien ist hiermit bis an die Drina vom Gegner gesäubert. An demselben Tage, an dem die Serben und Montenegriner über die Drina zurückgedrängt wurden, errangen auch unsere in Serbien stehenden Truppen einen namhaften Erfolg. Zwei feindliche Stellungen wurden bei Ravnia in Macva im Sturm genommen; hierbei wurden vier Maschinengewehre, 600 Gewehre und Bomben erbeutet, sowie viele Gefangene gemacht.

Potiorek,
Feldzeugmeister. 2)





Ein russisches Torpedoboot gesunken
Petersburg, 27. Oktober. (Priv.-Tel.)
Hier wird eine Verlustliste veröffentlicht, nach der die ganze Besatzung eines Torpedobootes vermißt wird. Unter den Vermißten befinden sich sechs Offiziere. Das Boot sei sicher gesunken. Die Erzählungen von drei geretteten Verwundeten lassen auf Vernichtung durch eine Mine schließen. 2)





London, 27. Oktober (Priv.-Tel)
Lloyds Agenten melden aus Teneriffa, daß die englischen Dampfboote "Indrani", "Farn" und "Condor" durch den deutschen Kreuzer "Karlsruhe" nicht zum Sinken gebracht, sondern erbeutet wurden. Die "Indrani" und die "Farn" hatten beide eine Fracht Steinkohlen an Bord. Wahrscheinlich hatte auch der "Condor" eine große Menge Steinkohlen. Die "Karlsruhe" sei daher sehr wohl imstande gewesen, sich aufs neue mit Kohlen zu versehen, um so mehr, da sie auch die Kohlen der beiden durch sie in den Grund gebohrten Schiffe "Cornish City" und "Ric Iguassu" habe an Bord nehmen können. 2)

www.stahlgewitter.com
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 12:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Dylan Thomas

Dylan Marlais Thomas (27 October 1914 – 9 November 1953) was a Welsh poet and writer who wrote exclusively in English. In addition to poetry, he wrote short stories and scripts for film and radio, which he often performed himself. His public readings, particularly in America, won him great acclaim; his sonorous voice with a subtle Welsh lilt became almost as famous as his works. His best-known works include the "play for voices" Under Milk Wood and the celebrated villanelle for his dying father, "Do not go gentle into that good night". Appreciative critics have also noted the superb craftsmanship and compression of poems such as "In my Craft or Sullen Art" and the rhapsodic lyricism of "Fern Hill'".

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dylan_Thomas
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 12:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Titanic Survivors Keep Their Wedding Quiet
New York Herald, Tuesday 27 October 1914

Mrs. E. H. Smith and Mr. R. W. Daniel Married in New York Last August

[SPECIAL DESPATCH TO THE HERALD.]

PHILADELPHIA, Pa., Monday---Mrs. Eloise Hughes Smith, survivor of the Titanic disaster, was married August 18 in New York city to Robert W. Daniel, president of the Robert W. Daniel banking house, of this city and New York. The bridegroom is also a Titanic survivor. He was pulled into the lifeboat containing Mrs. Smith and Mrs. John Jacob Astor as he was sinking.

News of the wedding was not made public until yesterday and created a surprise in the social circles of the city. Mr. Daniel is a native of Richmond, Va. His bride is the daughter of Representative James A. Hughes, of Huntington, W. Va. The couple will make their home in this city.

Mr. Daniel returned from Europe last Saturday, and yesterday said that he would formally announce his marriage to the young widow to-morrow. “On August 18,” he said, "Mrs. Smith and I were married in New York. The following day I was compelled to go to London on urgent business. Owing to the war I considered that it would be difficult to care for Mrs. Daniel abroad, so I left her in this country. It was my intention to return within three weeks, but I was held up more than two months. My hurried trip prevented us from making a formal announcement of our wedding, and to-day we were making arrangements to make it to-morrow. Our intimate friends have known of the wedding so it will not come as a surprise to them.”

Mr. Daniel, who came so near meeting the fate of John Jacob Astor, Archibald Butt and the husband of the bride, declined to discuss the wedding further.

Several months after the Titanic disaster a baby boy was born to Mrs. Smith and was named Lucien Smith 2d, in honor of his father. On May 19 Mrs. Smith began proceedings in the courts of Uniontown, Pa., to recover for her son a part of his father’s estate. It was said at the time by Mr. Smith’s relatives that he left no estate and that he merely had an allowance of $500 a year while he lived.

Mrs. Smith was one of the many Titanic widows who did not approve scattering flowers upon the waves where the Titanic went down on the anniversary of the wreck and asserted that no good could be derived by reviving memories of the awful night and that it would be better to give the money that flowers would cost to the poor widows and orphans of the ill-fated ship.

http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-survivors-keep-their-wedding-quiet.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 12:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Oct 27, 1914 – Death of Maurice of Battenberg

October 27, 1914 – Death of Prince Maurice of Battenberg, grandson of Queen Victoria, during World War I at Zonnebeke, Ypres, Belgium; buried at the at Ypres Town Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery, Ypres, Belgium
Maurice was the son of Princess Beatrice and Prince Henry of Battenberg. He was killed in action during World War I.

Maurice's commanding officer ordered that the bodies would be buried where they fell. However, it was suggested that an exception could be made for Maurice.

His mother, Princess Beatrice, insisted that Maurice be buried with his comrades instead of having his body shipped back to England. A memorial service was held in London.

He died before the Letters Patents regarding the Royal Family took effect, so he was styled as HH Prince of Battenberg for his entire short life.

http://www.unofficialroyalty.com/royal-forums/5-british-royal-family/5263-oct-27-1914--death-of-maurice-of-battenberg
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 12:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

"Völkerkrieg. Nachtangriff der Senegalneger auf einen deutschen Schützengraben am 27. Oktober 1914"

Printed on reverse: "Nachtangriff der Senegalneger auf einen deutschen Schützengraben am 27. Oktober 1914"

Translation: Night attack by Senegalese negroes on a German trench on 27 October 1914.

In 1914 there were 14,000 Tirailleurs Sénégalais in French West Africa. An additional 15,000 were stationed outside the region, mainly in Morocco. Six battalions were immediately shipped to France upon mobilization. The Tirailleurs were engaged on the front lines from the beginning. In the opening weeks of the war, four Tirailleur battalions suffered heavy casualties on the Yser River at Dixmude, but held their part of the line while three out of four were wounded or killed.

By October 1915, 30,000 new conscripts and volunteers were recruited for the Western Front. A decree of 9 October 1915 ordered the mobilization of Africans over 18 years of age and authorized a 200-franc bonus for volunteers. An additional 51,000 Africans were recruited under this decree in 1916. In 1917, seventeen Tirailleur battalions were engaged on the Somme. By then 120,000 Africans were serving in French forces. In 1918, Tirailleur battalions served with the U.S. First Army at St. Mihiel and in the Meuse-Argonne campaign.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/29007475@N08/4622529425/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 12:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Pipes of War, 1914-1918 - Individual Achievements

8543 Piper JAMES MAcKENzIE, 1st Scots Guards.
During the desperate fighting about Ypres in October, 1914, Piper Mackenzie greatly distinguished himself bringing up ammunition to the firing line. He was killed while doing so. Awarded a mention in despatches.

8543 Piper CHARLES SCOTT MACGUIRE, and Scots Guards.
On the 27th October, 1914, near Ypres, an advanced trench was blown to pieces by shell fire, most of its occupants being killed or wounded. Hearing calls for help, Piper Maguire went forward from the support trench to report. He crawled 15 yards on hands and knees to the wrecked trench and found .several men had been buried by the explosion. Although without any protection from enemy fire he dug out a man and found he was dead ; lie continued his task and got out another, placing him for safety under cover of the dead body. He then crawled hack to his trench. The N.C.O. in charge had been killed meantime, and no official report of his conduct was possible. Maguire himself was wounded shortly after, his back being broken he died of paralysis some seven months later.

http://www.electricscotland.com/history/scotreg/pipesofwar12.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 12:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

HMS Audacious

HMS Audacious was a King George V class battleship that became the first British battleship to be sunk during the First World War. At the time of her sinking she was only one year old, having been completed in May 1913 and was the third newest battleship in the British fleet (behind HMS Iron Duke and HMS Marlborough). The Audacious had served in the Second Battle Squadron of the Home Fleet from her time of commission until August 1914, when she became part of the Grand Fleet.

On 27 October 1914 she was sailing off the northern coast of Ireland, when she struck mines off Lough Swilly. This was a newly laid minefield across the main route from American to Liverpool, and had claimed the outbound steamer Manchester Commerce on the previous day.

The Audacious was not seriously damaged by the mines, but some of the damage was outside the central armoured box, and that lightly protected area began to flood. Efforts were made to tow the Audacious to safety, but the flooding made her increasingly hard to handle, and she floundered in increasingly rough weather.

The pictures show on this page were featured in the Illustrated War News of 9 December 1914, over a month after the sinking. The loss of the Manchester Commerce was mentioned in the 4 November edition, without any mention of the fate of the Audacious. The text that accompanied the pictures on 9 December didn't tell any direct lies, describing the content of the pictures, and referring to the class in general terms. At the time of the sinking it was decided to keep it secret, as at that moment the Grand Fleet did not have a significant advantage in numbers over the German High Seas Fleet.

Rickard, J (14 September 2007), HMS Audacious , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/weapons_HMS_Audacious.html
Zie ook http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Audacious_(1912)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 12:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Spying - First World War - Irving Ries

Introduction
This article is concerned with Irving Guy Ries, one of spies executed at The Tower of London during World War One.

Irving Guy Ries - Irving Guy Ries was an alias, and during his courts-martial he consistently refused to disclose his real name, as he stated that he wished to protect other people, mainly in the USA. He disclosed his real name just before his execution, but the name is not shown in his papers at the Public Records Office.

Irving Guy Ries was born in Chicago, USA. At the time of execution, he was 55 years old.

On 4 July 1915, after arriving from New York via Liverpool, Ries travelled to London, where he booked into the Hotel Cecil in the Strand, which was a hotel well known to American visitors of the day. He claimed that he was a sales representative for the hay and corn business of two American firms: Charles Schaefer & Sons, and Eidt & Wayand, both firms located in New York.

Yet again the British Security Services intercepted a telegram dated 9 July 1915. This telegram, transferring the sum of £40, was sent to Ries by N.M. Cleton of 72a Prevenier Stracht, Rotterdam. This Dutch address was already viewed by the British Security Services as another address using by German spy organisations. However, at this time the telegram was allowed to progress, and Ries collected his £40 from the Southampton Street Post Office.

On 15 July 1915, Ries travelled from London to Liverpool. After spending less than 48 hours in the city, Ries journeyed to Newcastle-on-Tyne. Again he claimed that he was a sales representative for some American firms. On 20 July 1915, Ries went to Glasgow, and the next day he went to Edinburgh, booking into the Crown Hotel. Six days later, Ries travelled to Liverpool, before returning to London and the Hotel Cecil on 28 July 1915. Another telegram, intercepted but allowed to proceed, was cashed by Ries at the same Post Office before.

On 9 August 1915, Ries went to the American Embassy in London to obtain a visa for his passport, as he wished to travel to Rotterdam, as he wished to meet a person there who owed him a considerable sum of money. When the American Vice-Consul examined his American Passport, he noticed that the passport appeared to be a forgery. The American let Ries leave the Embassy and then contacted the police.

On 10 August 1915, Inspector Joseph Sandercock (New Scotland Yard) arrested Ries at the Hotel Cecil. Ries admitted that his passport was a forgery bought in the USA, and that the business addresses written in his notebook were genuine. Ries also refused to provide details about his birth, apart from saying that his Father was Dutch and his Mother was Scottish. He also denied working for the Germans, and that the telegrams he received from Rotterdam were payments for legitimate business transactions.

Ries faced a courts-martial held at Middlesex Guildhall on 28-29 September 1915. The court's president was Major-General Lord Cheylesmore. The Prosecution case was presented by Mr. Bodkin and Lieutenant Peevor, Ries was represented by Mr. Huntley Jenkins instructed by Percy Robinson & Co. Ries pleaded not guilty. This case different from previous WWI spy trials, as Ries does not appear to have actually sent any information to the Germans. The implication was that Ries was travelling to Rotterdam, so he could present a verbal report.

Ries was found guilty and sentenced to death by shooting. His appeal were rejected, and he remained calm until his execution. He shook hands with the firing squad before being tied to the wooden chair. At 7am on 27 October 1915, Ries was shot by a party of soldiers from the 3rd Battalion Scots Guards.

http://www.stephen-stratford.co.uk/irving_ries.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 12:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Bell Rock

The oldest existing rock Lighthouse in the British Isles is the tower on the Bell, or Inchcape, Rock a long and treacherous reef lying in the North Sea, some 12 miles East of Dundee and in the fairway of vessels plying to and from the Firths of Tay and Forth. (...)

During the first (...) World War, the lighthouse exhibited a light when ships were expected to pass the Inchape reef which runs for 2,000 feet across shipping routes of the Firths of Tay and Forth. It was on 27 October 1915 when the Captain of the "ARGYLL" (10,850 tons) one of the Devonshire Class Armoured Cruisers, sent out a routine signal to the Admiral Commanding the Coast of Scotland at Rosyth, requesting the Bell Rock be lit on the night of 27/28 October. The message was never passed on as the lighthouse had no radio and all messages had to be delivered by boat. Heavy seas made this impossible. The "ARGYLL" sank but fortunately there were no casualties at all in the complement of 655 men.

http://www.nlb.org.uk/LighthouseLibrary/Lighthouse/Bell-Rock/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 13:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Major Warships Sunk in World War 1 - 1916

27 October 1916
Flirt, British, 30-knotter class Destroyer
Flirt was on patrol in when she was torpedoed by a German destroyer.

Nubian, British, Tribal class Desytoyer
Torpedoed by German destroyers in the English Channel. Her stern was later combined with the remain of Zulu to form HMS Zubian.

http://www.worldwar1.co.uk/sunk16.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 13:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Australian Sporting heroes

Les Darcy
Born James Leslie Darcy on 31 October 1895 at Stradbroke near Maitland he was a champion boxer and a folk hero. Les first made money as a boxer at 14 years of age. By September 1916 he had won 22 consecutive fights.

During 1916 Darcy was put under pressure to enlist in the army as an example for other young men to follow. Darcy was in an awkward position as a result of his Irish Catholic background. He sailed for America on 27 October 1916 (in breach of the War Precautions Act, which meant no passports were issued to young men of military age). The press had a field day, denouncing him as a shirker. On 5 April 1917 Les became a citizen of the United States.

On 27 April 1917, Darcy was admitted to hospital with septicaemia and endocarditis. While in hospital he developed pneumonia and died on 24 May 1917. Darcy's body was brought back to Australia and he received a huge funeral procession in Sydney before he was buried at East Maitland. Les stands out as one of Australia's greatest boxers, losing only four professional fights and never being knocked out.

http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/state-archives/digital-gallery/our-sporting-heritage/sporting-heroes/sporting-heroes
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 13:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

John R.R. Tolkien Biography

The United Kingdom was then engaged in fighting World War I, and Tolkien volunteered for military service and was commissioned in the British Army as a Second Lieutenant in the Lancashire Fusiliers. He trained with the 13th (Reserve) Battalion on Cannock Chase, Staffordshire, for eleven months. He was then transferred to the 11th (Service) Battalion with the British Expeditionary Force, arriving in France on 4 June 1916.

Tolkien served as a signals officer during the Battle of the Somme, participating in the Battle of Thiepval Ridge. He came down with trench fever, a disease carried by the lice which were so very plentiful in No Man's Land, on 27 October 1916.

Tolkien was invalided to England on 8 November 1916. Many of his dearest friends, including Gilson and Smith of the T.C.B.S., were killed in the war. In later years, Tolkien indignantly declared that those who searched his works for parallels to the Second World War were entirely mistaken.

http://www.fantasy-fan.org/john_rr_tolkien
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 13:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Battle of El Buggar Ridge - Palestine, 27 October 1917

The Battle of El Buggar Ridge took place on 27 October 1917. It began as a reconnaissance in force by the Ottoman forces to test the resolve of the Allied defensive perimeter around the newly opened supply station of Karm. It ended in a battle which progressively drew in more Allied forces until they were able to eject the Ottoman forces from the trenches on El Buggar Ridge.

With the completion of the rail link and water pipe from Tel el Fara to Karm, the final logistic preparations for the oncoming battle at Beersheba had been completed. To protect this vital supply depot from artillery harassment from the Ottoman forces at Abu Hareira, Henry Chauvel, the General Officer in Command of the Desert Mounted Corps decided to transform a ring of temporary outposts into a permanent defensive line. To that effect, on 22 October, he ordered the seizure of the outpost line and conversion into a permanent defensive line. The line traversed west to east from "Two Tree Farm", Point 510, Point 550, Point 630 and then south to Point 720 and crossing the Beersheba Road at El Buggar.

The Allied Defence Perimeter consisted of minor trench works built after the 8th Mounted Brigade took possession of the outpost line when they relieved the Australian 4th Light Horse Brigade. By 27 October, the line was still disorganised with only weak redoubts constructed at Points 720 and 630.

For the Ottoman forces, the occupation of Karm created a major point of supply and water for the Allied troops in the immediate area. The placement of the station at Karm placed under threat the defensive positions known as the Hureira Redoubt and Rushdie System which formed a powerful bulwark against any Allied action. Karm Station pointed right to the heart of this system.

To overcome this, General Erich von Falkenhayn, the Commander of the Yildirim Group, proposed a two phase attack. Firstly the plan called for a reconnaissance in force from Beersheba for 27 October which was to be followed by an all out attack launched by the 8th Army from Hureira, ironically scheduled to occur on the morning of 31 October 1917, the day when the Battle of Beersheba began.

At four o'clock on the morning of 27 October, the outpost at El Buggar was fired upon by a Troop of Ottoman cavalry. An hour later the attack developed across a wide front employing some 2,000 Ottoman infantry, 1,200 cavalry, supported by a three batteries of Mountain Guns, some twelve guns in all. The advancing Ottoman forces debouched from the Kauwukah defensive system to attack the Allied forces occupying the ridge.

The initial battle occurred around Point 630. The Ottoman infantry, the 125th Infantry Regiment, worked its way around both flanks of the redoubt and brought heavy machine-gun and artillery fire to bear on the squadron holding it. Flying overhead on the day, the Royal Flying Corps estimated that a force of about 2,000 men had attacked the garrison, which was at that time cut off from any support.

In response, the 1/1 City of London Yeomanry sent a squadron to reinforce the surrounded 1/1 County of London Yeomanry squadron at Point 630. The relieving force was held up by an effective machine gun barrage and after several attempts at entering the redoubt, was compelled to withdraw. In further assistance, two squadrons from the 10th Light Horse Regiment were despatched but they too were held up. Despite these set backs, the garrison held out in a support trench close behind the crest of El Buggar Ridge. Here they repeatedly fought off Ottoman attempts to rush them. The garrison held out until relieved later that evening.

In contrast, the assault on Point 720 against "B" Squadron, 1/1 County of London Yeomanry was far more determined. The attacking force was composed of 1,200 men from the Ottoman 3rd Cavalry Division supported by an under-strength battalion from the 27th Infantry Division. Following a heavy volume of shell and machine gun fire the Ottoman force launched two charges which were beaten off. After regrouping, a third charge pressed home the attack and gained possession of the hill. "B" Squadron had held out for six hours. Except for three men, all the defenders were either killed or wounded.

In support of the beleaguered garrison, at noon, the 9th Light Horse Regiment despatched two squadrons to relieve the 1/1 County of London Yeomanry at Point 720. By 3pm, two infantry brigades of the 53rd Division were moving towards the ridge. A officer's patrol from the 9th Light Horse Regiment at 7 pm established that the Ottoman forces had withdrawn from their positions on Point 720 which allowed the Allied forces to re-occupy El Buggar Ridge without further casualties. That night 229th Infantry Brigade took over the defensive perimeter and re-established Allied control over the area.

The recapture of El Buggar Ridge had two strategic effects.

In the first instance it gave the Ottoman forces the wrong message as to where the projected Allied offensive might strike. Subsequent Turkish air reconnaissance indicated that nothing had changed with the Allied forces dispositions. Falkenhayn drew the inference that he needed to act first with a pre-emptive strike at the heart of the Allied logistic system and thus set in motion the planned attack by the 8th Army scheduled for 31 October, and by doing so, inadvertently unbalanced the Ottoman defensive system.

By diverting the attention of the Ottoman forces, Allenby was able to direct the movement of some 40,000 men from two corps (the XX Corps and the Desert Mounted Corps) to the Beersheba perimeter in complete secrecy. This was possibly one of the most brilliant pieces of staff work in the Allied forces at that time. When the two corps debouched from the hinterland onto the Beersheba defences, the Ottoman forces were taken by complete surprise.

http://alh-research.tripod.com/Light_Horse/index.blog/1886764/el-buggar-ridge-palestine-october-27-1917/
Zie ook http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_El_Buggar_Ridge
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 13:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Isonzo Front

Soča Front Battle XII (24. October - 27 October 1917) In preparation for the counterattack and in view of the shortage of troops, the Emperor Karl I asked the German Emperor Wilhelm II for assistance. The Germans agreed and prepared a major surprise attack from the Upper Soča in the north. The assistance came in troops, supported by the use of poison gas and a concerted action by infantry and artillery. The Italian army was successfully driven from the positions that they had gained in the previous assault.

It was the last battle of the Soča Front, the Italian army retreating in disarray or captured in huge numbers.

http://www.thezaurus.com/webzine/socha_front_isonzo_front
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 13:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

THE MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE

27 October 1918 - French 4th Army to the left [west] of the US 1st Army catches up to American front line. This is made possible by the success of two U.S. divisions, the 2nd and 36th, successfully capturing Blanc Mont Ridge in the Champagne and pursuing the enemy to the River Aisne.

http://www.worldwar1.com/dbc/bigshow.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 13:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

William George Barker

William George Barker VC, DSO & Bar, MC & Two Bars (3 November 1894 – 12 March 1930) was a Canadian First World War fighter ace and Victoria Cross recipient. (...)

He was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on day 10, Sunday, 27 October 1918.

While returning his Snipe to an aircraft depot, he crossed enemy lines at 21,000 feet above the Forêt de Mormal. He attacked an enemy Rumpler two-seater which broke up, its crew escaping by parachute; {the aircraft was of FAA 227, Lt Wattenburg killed}. By his own admission, he was careless and was bounced by a formation of Fokker D.VIIs of Jagdgruppe 12, consisting of Jasta 24 and Jasta 44. In a descending battle against 15 or more enemy machines, Barker was wounded three times in the legs, then his left elbow was blown away, yet he managed to control his Snipe and shoot down or drive down three more enemy aircraft {Two German pilot casualties were Lt. Hinky of Jasta 44, wounded; and Vfw. Schymik of Jasta 24, killed}. The dogfight took place immediately above the lines of the Canadian Corps. Severely wounded and bleeding profusely, Barker force landed inside Allied lines, his life being saved by the men of an RAF Kite Balloon Section, who transported him to a field dressing station.

At a hospital in Rouen, France, Barker clung to life until mid-January 1919, and then was transported back to England. He was not fit enough to walk the necessary few paces for the VC investiture at Buckingham Palace until 1 March 1919.

He is officially credited with one captured, two (and seven shared) balloons destroyed, 33 (and two shared) aircraft destroyed, and five aircraft "out of control;" the highest "destroyed" ratio for any RAF, RFC or RNAS pilot during the conflict. The Overseas Military Forces of Canada recognized Barker as "holding the record for fighting decorations" awarded in the First World War.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_George_Barker

Sopwith Snipe

A descendant of the Sopwith Camel, the Sopwith Snipe was equipped with a more powerful engine and provided better visibility from the cockpit. Though not much faster than the Camel, the Snipe had a better rate of climb and pilots found it much easier to fly.

On 27 October 1918, Canadian ace William Barker made the Sopwith Snipe famous in a single-handed battle with more than 60 enemy aircraft that earned him the Victoria Cross. Flying the Sopwith Snipe, Captain Elwyn King scored 7 victories making him the highest scoring ace to fly this aircraft.

http://www.wwiaviation.com/british1918.html
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Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 26 Okt 2010 13:31, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 13:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

ARMISTICE FATALITIES: Australian service personnel who died on 11 November 1918

Private Joseph Louis Delley (service number 5575) was an unmarried 21-year-old farmer born in Bundaberg, Queensland. He enlisted in Brisbane on 16 March 1916, having previously been rejected nine times as he suffered from the tropical skin disease filariasis.

He left Australia on 7 September 1916 with the 15th reinforcements of the 26th Battalion. He disembarked in England on 2 November and embarked for France in mid-December. He continued to suffer from filariasis and was hospitalised several times in 1917 and 1918. On 27 October 1918 he was admitted to hospital with severe pneumonia and he died at 6pm on 11 November. The official cause of death was influenza septicaemia. The Last Post was played at his funeral and his coffin was draped with the Union Jack. Among the mourners present were an aunt and uncle who lived in Bournemouth and another aunt and uncle who lived in Lancashire. His mother was sent his belongings - three coins, a prayer book, a pocket book and some letters.

http://www.warmemorialsnsw.asn.au/traditions/remembranceday.cfm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 13:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Soldier Noel Everard Evans

Having just received a commission in the autumn of 1918 with the Royal Field Artillery, Noel Everard Evans from Colwyn Bay, headed straight for the Western Front. He joined his elder brother in 121 Battery, 27th Brigade RFA. 2nd Lieutenant Evans was wounded in action barely two months later. He died in hospital on Armistice Day.

27th October 1918

We are actually out in rest at the present moment, but I may say it has not been much of a one so far as we got shelled in the wagon line again, and had a bad score against us. It took us 5 hours to bury the horses with a number of men helping. I saw Jones today, he says Morgan comes out next week, so I shall be on the watch and go up to the battery about Thursday, if I remember the day of the week and I am not too busy. Please send me out a store of studs front and back, a couple of ties and tie pins, as I have lost all mine in the push. Well, we expect to go into action again at any moment. The other Brigade have already gone in. We had a concert party up for our benefit today - they called themselves the Wiss Bangs and really very good. We found an old knocked about Barn and sat in straw. I saw Morris, and he expects Morgan soon at the beginning of the month, but I believe Jones has written to tell him to stop until his kit arrives, if it has not already done so. Send me cigs out as they cannot be got anywhere up at the front. All right for those at the Base and we are forgetting what it is like to have one. It's raining hard again, now, so I expect another bath soon.

Good bye and best love, from Noel.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/history/sites/themes/periods/ww1_noel_evans.shtml
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 13:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Two Minute Silence

At every league (Returned Serviceman's) function, no matter how small, members' stand in silence for a brief interval to remember departed comrades.

At league clubs around Australia the remembrance silence has become part of the now nightly six o'clock (previously nine o’clock) ritual, when any light other than a memorial flame is dimmed, members stand in silence, and then recite the Ode.
A brief silence, usually one or two minutes, characterises many other remembrance ceremonies throughout the British Commonwealth.

The concept of a remembrance silence appears to have originated with an Australian journalist, Edward George Honey, who had served briefly in World War One with an English regiment before being discharged due to ill health. Honey was born in St Kilda, Melbourne, in 1885 and died of consumption in England in 1922.

In 1962, a group of Melbourne citizens formed a committee to obtain recognition for Honey as the man 'who taught the world how to remember'. For many years, a South African politician, Sir Percy Fitzpatrick, had been credited with the idea. The Melbourne committee succeeded in establishing that 'the solemn ceremony of silence now observed in all British countries in remembrance of those who died in war' was first published by Edward Honey.

Honey published a letter in the London Evening News on 8 May 1919 under the pen name of Warren Foster, in which he appealed for five-minute silence amid all the joy making planned to celebrate the first anniversary of the end of the War. 'Five little minutes only', he wrote, 'Five silent minutes of national remembrance. A very sacred intercession . Communion with the Glorious Dead who won us peace, and from the communion new strength, hope and faith in the morrow. Church services, too, if you will, but in the street, the home, the theatre, anywhere, indeed, where Englishmen and their women chance to be, surely in this five minutes of bitter-sweet silence there will be service enough'.

No official action was taken on the idea, however, until, more that five months later, on 27 October 1919, Lord Milner forwarded a suggestion from his friend, Sir Percy Fitzpatrick, to the King's private secretary, Lord Stamfordham, for a period of silence on Armistice Day, 11 November, in all countries of the British Empire.

Sir Percy wrote, 'When we are gone it may help bring home to those who will come after us, the meaning, the nobility and the unselfishness of the great sacrifice by which their freedom was assured'.

King George V was evidently very moved by the idea and took it up immediately. There is no record that Sir Percy was prompted by Honey's letter in the London Evening News, but with the King, both Honey and Sir Percy attended a rehearsal for a five-minute silence involving the Grenadier Guards at Buckingham Palace. Five minutes proved too long and the two-minute interval was decided upon.

On 7 November 1919 the King issued a proclamation asking 'that at the hour when the Armistice came into force, the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, there may be for the brief space of two minutes a complete suspension of all our normal activities ... so that in perfect stillness, the thoughts of everyone may be concentrated on reverent remembrance of the glorious dead'.

http://www.army.gov.au/history/Silence.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 13:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Meierijsche Courant, Woensdag 27 October 1920

Valkenswaard. Aansluitingen G. E. B. Naar wij vernemen zijn in deze gemeente reeds 230 aansluitingen bij het gemeentelijk electriciteitsbedrijf verkregen, terwijl dagelijks nieuwe opgaven plaats hebben. In aansluiting met ons bericht van gisteren kunnen wij nog melden, dat bedoelde rijksvoorschotten bij Kon. besluit van 9 October 1920 No. 49 zijn verleend en wel ten hoogste ƒ 15.000 (annuïteit 5,132 pct. gedurende 75 jaar te voldoen) en van ten hoogste
ƒ 373.000 (annuïteit 5,478 pct., gedurende 50 jaar te voldoen) ten behoeve van de R. K. vereeniging "Woningbelang" aldaar; jaarlijksche bijdrage in de betaling van de annuïteit van ten hoogste ƒ 9113,52.

http://www.shgv.nl/KrantenArtikelen/19202.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 13:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

27 October 1920 → Commons Sitting → ROYAL NAVY.

BATTLE OF JUTLAND.


HC Deb 27 October 1920 vol 133 cc1716-7 1716

Viscount CURZON asked the First Lord of the Admiralty when the official account of the battle of Jutland will be published?

Sir J. CRAIG It is not now proposed to publish an official account of the Battle of Jutland. Since the original intention to do so was announced and the compilation of the record begun, a mass of information has been accumulated from unofficial German sources which throws considerable light on the progress of the Battle from a new angle, and the conclusion has been reached that any record based on British official evidence only, would inevitably present a one-sided version, tending to distort the true facts and create a wrong impression of the battle as a whole. Moreover, Sir Julian Corbett's Naval History of the War, in course of publication under the authority of the Committee of Imperial Defence, whose volume includes Jutland, is likely to be published in the course of next year, and the publishers have made representations 1717 that they would have strong reason to complain of the simultaneous publication by the Admiralty of any such narrative. However, all the material prepared by the Admiralty will be placed at Sir Julian Corbett's disposal, which will expedite his publication.

Viscount CURZON May I ask if that answer will not undoubtedly give rise to the idea that the Admiralty have something to hush up, and would it not be much better to give a full account, if accounts differ, from all sources, and all the information which is at the disposal of the Admiralty?

Sir J. CRAIG It is made clear in the last paragraph of the answer that all the material prepared by the Admiralty will be placed at Sir Julian Corbett's disposal.

Sir C. KINLOCH-COOKE Is there any truth in the rumour that the delay in publication is due to any difference between Lord Beatty and Lord Jellicoe?

Sir J. CRAIG No, Sir, there is not the slightest foundation for any such rumour, because I happen to know that both gallant Admirals have seen the report and have acqiuiesced in that report being handed to Sir Julian Corbett for incorporation in his work.

Lieut.-Colonel BURGOYNE May I ask whether Sir Julian Corbett's account will in any way be censored by the Admiralty before publication?

Sir J. CRAIG I should like notice of that question.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1920/oct/27/battle-of-jutland
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 17:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De Slag aan de IJzer... in Sint-Joris a/Yzer

26 oktober 1914 - De Belgische brigade Meiser wordt te Diksmuide vervangen door twee Senegalese bataljons en één bataljon van de 5 Belgische Divisie. Delen van de 1 en 2 Divisie trekken zich terug achter de spoorwegberm. In de nacht van 26 op 27 oktober mislukt een eerste poging tot onderwaterzetting. Een Duitse doorbraak in de Belgische sector wordt steeds dreigender.

27 oktober 1914 - De Duitse infanterie infiltreert tussen Stuivekenskerke en Oud-Stuivekenskerke. Tijdens de nacht van 27 op 28 oktober lukt het om de sluispoorten open te houden maar door de beperkte opening stroomt er te weinig water in de vlakte.

28 oktober 1914 - Een relatief rustige dag.

http://sint-joris-aan-de-ijzer.blogspot.com/2007_07_01_archive.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 17:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Gasoorlog

Alhoewel bepaalde bronnen beweren dat voor de Eerste Wereldoorlog ook gasaanvallen plaats vonden, baseren wij ons enkel op de Eerste Wereldoorlog. De eerste gasaanvallen tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlogen waren niet zoals meestal wordt geschreven bij Ieper op 22, 23 en 24 april 1915 en ook niet bij Neuve Chapelle op 27 oktober 1914 door de Duitsers, maar door de Fransen op 23 augustus 1914. Zij waren de eerste die gas inzetten met behulp van 26 mm granaten gevuld met Ethyl bromoacetate traangas, ongeveer 19 cc per patroon. De voorraden waren snel verbruikt en in november werd een nieuwe bestelling opgemaakt door het Franse leger. Maar Ethyl bromoacetate werd schaars onder de Entente zodat Ethyl bromoacetate werd gewijzigd in Chlooraceton.

De eerste Duitse aanval vond plaats bij Neuve Chapelle op 27 oktober 1914. Men had geëxperimenteerd met een shrapnelgranaat door de musketkogels van de granaat met een substantie van traangas in te smeren. Bij het vrijkomen na de explosie moest het gas, dat vloeibaar was, een gaswolk vormen en zo de vijand tijdelijk verblinden. Ook dat was op een fiasco uitgelopen.

http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/wiki/index.php/Gasoorlog
Zie ook http://www.wereldoorlog1418.nl/gasoorlog/leermomenten.html
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 26 Okt 2010 17:19, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 17:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1914)

27 oktober 1914 - In Baarle-Hertog schonk Maria Catharina Van Krinkelveldt het leven aan Jozef Augustijn Van Calster. Vader Albrecht, een hotelhouder uit Hoogstraten, was op het ogenblik dat de Duitsers in Hoogstraten verschenen, met zijn hoogzwangere echtge­no­te naar het onbezette Baarle gevlucht. (onuitgegeven kroniek van Jan Huijbrechts)

http://www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla15/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=187:05-kroniek-van-baarle-in-de-eerste-wereldoorlog-1914&catid=90:oorlog&Itemid=118
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 17:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Historiek van het 6e Liniebataljon.

Sector van Diksmuide (22 februari 1917 tot 8 november 1917).
Aanval op de "Minoterie" (nacht van 26 op 27 oktober 1917). Deze aanval werd geleid door elementen van het 6de en 16de Linie. Een tweede aanval op de "Minoterie" werd ondernomen op 4 november 1917.

Lees verder op http://ablhistory.forumup.be/about674-ablhistory.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 17:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Titel: De laatste onthoofding
Auteur: Siegfried Debaeke
Uitgeverij: De Klaproos, Koksijde; 1996; 96 bladzijden
ISBN: 90 5508 034 9

Synopsis
De speurtocht naar de laatste onthoofding in België, doorheen memoires, getuigenissen en ongeopende processtukken, brengt een bloedstollende verhaal aan het licht. De tragische feiten met de allure van een meeslepend detectiveverhaal, tarten alle verbeelding.

Op 27 oktober 1917 vermoordt de 26-jarige onderofficier Emiel Ferfaille (ºMenen, 1891) te Veurne zijn zwangere vriendin Rachel Ryckewaert. Als enige verdachte blijft hij halstarrig ontkennen tot de verraste speurders ontdekken dat de man nog een ander lief heeft. Ze zijn pas verloofd en koesteren trouwplannen.

Koning Albert I weigert gratie te verlenen aan de koelbloedige moordenaar, de man die een lief te veel had. Voor de executie wordt beroep gedaan op de Franse meesterbeul Anatole Deibler. Op dinsdagmorgen 26 maart 191, even voor zes uur, haakt hij op de bnnenker van de Veurnse gevangenis de valbijl los. Het is dan 55 jaar geleden dat de guillotine in België haar bloedig werk verricht heeft. Meteen de laatste onthoofding.

http://www.verzet.org/content/view/995/69/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 17:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Viktor Weber von Webenau

Viktor Maria Willibald Weber Edler von Webenau (Schloss Neuhaus bij Lavamünd, 13 november 1861 - Innsbrück 6 mei 1932), was een Oostenrijks-Hongaars militair (generaal der Infanterie). (...)

Op 27 oktober 1918 benoemde keizer Karel I van Oostenrijk-Hongarije generaal Viktor Weber von Webenau tot voorzitter van de wapenstilstandscommissie met als doel zo snel mogelijk te wapenstilstand te bewerkstelligen met de Entente mogendheden zodat de strijd aan het Italiaanse front gestaakt kon worden. (...)

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viktor_Weber_von_Webenau
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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2010 17:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letter from Sigmund Freud to Sándor Ferenczi, October 27, 1918

Dear friend,

I know that you are a Hungarian patriot, and you have to expect some painful experiences in that regard. It seems that the Hungarians are submitting to the deception that they alone could evade the threatened diminution because they are especially loved or respected in the world outside, in a word, that they are “exceptions.” Hence the somewhat unseemly haste to dissolve their association with Austria and to turn down the alliance with Germany, even though German troops saved Hungary twice in this war; as well as their zeal to profess allegiance to the Entente. Disappointment will not be absent and will bring bad times along with it. All the deficiencies attached to the Hungarians as politicians are threatening to avenge themselves. Withdraw your libido from your fatherland in a timely fashion and shelter it in ΨA, or else you will have to feel uncomfortable.(...)

http://www.pep-web.org/document.php?id=zbk.026.0304a
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BerichtGeplaatst: 27 Okt 2010 6:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

27 October 1914 Sdt Joseph Albertus Bourgeois

121 Sdt Joseph Albertus Bourgeois, 21 Linie Regt (Belgian Army).

Born at Denderleeuw on 18 June 1890, Joseph lived at Erembodegem at the time of his enlistment. After taking part in the actions at Antwerp, Joseph was wounded in action on the Ijzer River near Dixmude and died in the military hospital at Dunkirk on 27 October 1914. He is still buried in Dunkirk.

27 October 1914

Bron: WFA
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BerichtGeplaatst: 27 Okt 2010 20:44    Onderwerp: 26- 27 oktober in Dixmude Reageer met quote

De 26ste en de 27ste is het "redelijk rustig". Er wordt geschoten, maar er zijn onderbrekingen. Het gaat om schijnmanoeuvers van de Duitsers. Dat geeft de legerleiding de kans om de troepen te hergroeperen. In de chaos waren de eerste en tweede linies door mekaar geraakt in de loopgraven. Opnieuw stellen ze de reserves samen.

De machinegeweren van het derde bataljon van Senegal uit Marokko, lag op de weg naar Eessen. Daar waar twee sectoren van ons front samen kwamen. Ze kregen de volle laag. Eén van de grotere projectielen viel op een kanon. Het vloog door de lucht samen met drie Senegalezen, twee Europeanen werden zwaargewond en de overste van de sectie, luitenant Guyader, ontsnapte aan de dood, hij zat tot aan zijn nek begraven onder het zand toen het kanon terug naar beneden kwam. Zo bleef hij zitten tot het nacht werd als een onbeweeglijk mikpunt voor het vijandig geschut. De stellingen waren onhoudbaar en werden verlaten. Op de voorposten kregen de Belgen en de Marins nieuwe machinegeweren.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 27 Okt 2011 18:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

27 oktober 1918, de Italianen steken de Piave rivier over en vormen een bruggehoofd op de linkeroever. Dit bruggehoofd wordt versterkt met de Italiaanse reserves.
Het achtste Italiaanse Leger, onder bevel van Generaal Enrico Caviglia, neemt Vittorio (Veneto werd er pas in 1923 aan toegevoegd) in en stoot verder door in de richting van Trento om de terugtrekking van de Oostenrijkse troepen te blokkeren.
Later op de dag vragen de Oostenrijkers aan Italië om een wapenstilstand, maar het vechten blijft aanhouden.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 27 Okt 2017 11:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kabinet-Hussarek (Ministerrat Hussarek) (25 juli - 27 oktober 1918)

Oostenrijk (Cisleithanië) kende in 1918 één kabinet-Hussarek, onder Maximilian Freiherr Hussarek von Heinlein, de Minister-President. Het strandt op 27 oktober 1918.

https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabinet-Hussarek

Kabinet-Lammasch

Op diezelfde dag wordt het kabinet-Lammasch geinstalleerd. Oostenrijk (Cisleithanië) kende in 1918 één kabinet-Lammasch. Het kabinet-Lammasch was het laatste kabinet van het Keizerrijk Oostenrijk.

https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabinet-Lammasch
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