Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog Forum Index Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog
Hét WO1-forum voor Nederland en Vlaanderen
 
 FAQFAQ   ZoekenZoeken   GebruikerslijstGebruikerslijst   WikiWiki   RegistreerRegistreer 
 ProfielProfiel   Log in om je privé berichten te bekijkenLog in om je privé berichten te bekijken   InloggenInloggen   Actieve TopicsActieve Topics 

4 september

 
Plaats nieuw bericht   Plaats Reactie    Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog Forum Index -> Wat gebeurde er vandaag... Actieve Topics
Vorige onderwerp :: Volgende onderwerp  
Auteur Bericht
Yvonne
Admin


Geregistreerd op: 2-2-2005
Berichten: 45409

BerichtGeplaatst: 04 Sep 2006 7:42    Onderwerp: 4 september Reageer met quote

Der Weltkrieg am 4. September 1914

DEUTSCHER HEERESBERICHT - ÖSTERREICHISCHER HEERESBERICHT



Der deutsche Heeresbericht:
Die Kriegsbeute in Frankreich

Großes Hauptquartier, 4. September.
Reims ist ohne Kampf besetzt worden.
Die Siegesbeute der Armeen wird nur langsam bekannt. Die Truppen können sich bei ihrem schnellen Vormarsch nur wenig darum kümmern. Noch stehen Geschütze und Fahrzeuge im freien Feld verlassen da. Die Etappentruppen müssen sie nach und nach sammeln. Bis jetzt hat nur die Armee des Generalobersten v. Bülow genauere Angaben gemeldet. Bis Ende August hat sie sechs Fahnen, 233 schwere Geschütze, 116 Feldgeschütze, 79 Maschinengewehre und 166 Fahrzeuge erbeutet und 12934 Gefangene gemacht.

Generalquartiermeister v. Stein. 1)


Ein Tagesbefehl Joffres

Frankreich Erster Weltkrieg: General Joffre
General Joffre

Paris, 4. Sept. (Priv.-Tel. Indirekt.)
General Joffre erließ einen Tagesbefehl über die Fehler der bisherigen Kampfesweise der Franzosen. Der Grund der starken französischen Verluste sei ihr Vorgehen in zu dichter Ordnung ohne genügende Artillerievorbereitung. Sofort nach Eroberung eines Stützpunktes muß dieser befestigt und mit Artillerie besetzt werden, auch müßte die Reiterei beim Vorgehen durch Infanterie gestützt werden, wie dies bei den Deutschen geschieht, welche die Infanterie auf Automobilen der Reiterei vorausführen. 2)


Die Flucht aus Paris

Bordeaux 4. Septbr. (W. B. Nichtamtlich.)
Der Extrazug mit Poincaré und den Ministern ist gestern Mittag hier eingetroffen. Die Menge schrie begeistert: "Vive Poincaré, Vive la France! " Poincaré hat die Präfektur bezogen. Der Dienst der Ministerien des Krieges und des Innern ist bereits eingerichtet.

Paris, 4. Septbr. (Priv.-Tel., indirekt.)
Zusammen mit der französischen Regierung sind auch die Staatsarchive und der Metallbestand der Banque de France nach Bordeaux übergesiedelt. Auch die großen Zeitungen werden dort ihren Wohnsitz aufschlagen. Der Redaktions- und Administrationsstab des "Temps", der 1870 in Paris blieb, wo die Zeitung während der ganzen Zeit der Belagerung erschien, reisen heute ab, nur ein Redakteur und vier Drucker bleiben zur Herstellung der letzten Nummer in Paris zurück.

Paris, 4. Septbr. (Priv.-Tel., indirekt)
General Gallieni hat folgende Proklamation an das Heer in Paris und die Einwohner von Paris erlassen:
"Die Mitglieder der Regierung der Republik haben Paris verlassen, um aufs neue die Landesverteidigung zu entflammen. Ich habe den Auftrag, Paris gegen den Eindringling zu verteidigen, und werde diesen Auftrag bis zum äußersten ausführen." 2)


Räumung von Amiens

Berlin, 4. Septbr. (Priv.-Tel.)
Wie der "Lokalanzeiger" aus Rotterdam erfährt, hat der Berichterstatter der "Times" folgendes an sein Blatt gemeldet: Das Sommetal wurde von den Franzosen aufgegeben. Amiens ist in deutschen Händen. Nachdem ein blutiger Kampf geliefert und die Engländer aus La Fère zurückgezogen worden waren, wurde dieses Fort von den Deutschen genommen. Der dreitägige Kampf bei Amiens erreichte seinen Höhepunkt in einem blutigen Gefecht bei Moreul, wo der Erfolg wieder auf deutscher Seite war. Die Verbündetem zogen sich in guter Ordnung zurück.
Der "Daily Chronicle" meldet, daß sich deutsche Truppen schon bei Creil zeigten, und sogar bei Senlis, so daß der Kanonendonner bereits in Paris zu vernehmen sein dürfte. 2)


Löwen nicht zerstört

Berlin, 4. Septbr. (W. B. Amtlich.)
Belgien verbreitet amtlich falsche Darstellungen über die Vorgänge, denen die Stadt Löwen zum Opfer fiel. Deutsche Truppen seien durch einen Ausfall aus Antwerpen zurückgeworfen und von der deutschen Besatzung Löwens irrtümlich beschossen worden. Dadurch sei ein Kampf in Löwen entstanden. Die Ereignisse beweisen einwandfrei, daß die Deutschen den belgischen Ausfall zurückgewiesen haben. Während dieses Kampfes vor Antwerpen erfolgte in Löwen an vielen Stellen ein zweifellos organisierter Überfall auf deutsche Zurückgebliebe, nachdem bereits über 24 Stunden ein scheinbar freundlicher Verkehr zwischen den deutschen Truppen und den Stadtbewohnern sich angebahnt hatte. Der Überfall traf zunächst hauptsächlich ein Landsturmbataillon, also ältere, ruhige Leute, selbst Familienväter, ferner zurückgebliebene Teile des Stabes eines Generalkommandos sowie Kolonnen. Die Deutschen hatten zahlreiche Verwundete und Tote. Sie gewannen indes die Überhand durch neue mit der Bahn eintreffende Truppen, die bei der Einfahrt und auf dem Bahnhofsplatz mit Feuer empfangen wurden. Die Untersuchung über Einzelheiten ist im Gange, das Ergebnis wird veröffentlicht werden. Die Wahrheit des vorstehend Mitgeteilten ist über jeden Zweifel erhaben. Das Rathaus ist vor der Feuersbrunst gerettet worden. Weitere Versuche, zu löschen, blieben erfolglos.

Berlin, 4. Septbr. (W. B. Amtlich.)
Die "Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung" schreibt über die Vorgänge in Löwen: Gegenüber den verleumderischen Darstellungen der Vorgange in Löwen waren die diplomatischen Vertreter des Reiches bei den neutralen Staaten mit Material zur Widerlegung der gegen die deutsche Kriegführung erhobenen Anklagen versehen worden. Der Kaiserliche Gesandte im Haag war überdies beauftragt, die niederländische Regierung zu bitten, sie möge im Interesse der Menschlichkeit der belgischen Regierung dringend nahelegen, daß sie die Zivilbevölkerung von ihrem gänzlich aussichtslosen Widerstand zurückhalte. Der niederländische Minister des Äußern machte daraufhin dem belgischen Gesandten im Haag entsprechende Mitteilung, die dieser an seine Regierung weiterzugeben versprach. 2)


Die belgische Kriegskontribution

Amsterdam, 4. Septbr. (Priv.-Tel.)
Hierher gelangte Nachrichten sagen, daß die reichsten Belgier, Warocque, Solvay, Baron Empain und Baron Lambert-Rothschild sich für die Kriegskontribution verbürgt haben. Bei dem jetzigen häufig von der Linken angegriffenen Steuersystem, das keine Einkommens- und Vermögenssteuer kennt und große Kapitalien vollkommen schont, ist es nicht zu verwundern, daß die öffentlichen Kassen, vor allem die Staatskasse, leer sind. 2)


Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Die Kämpfe im Südosten

Wien, 4. Septbr. (W. B.)
Aus dem Bereich der Armeen Dankl und Auffenberg wurden bisher 11600 Kriegsgefangene abgeschoben, etwa 7000 sind vorerst noch angekündigt. In der Schlacht an der Huczwa wurden, soweit bisher bekannt, 200 Geschütze, sehr viel Kriegsmaterial, zahlreicher Train, vier Automobile und die Feldkanzleien des 9. und 10. russischen Armeekorps mit wichtigen Geheimakten erbeutet. Der Feind ist in vollem Rückzuge. Unsere Armee verfolgt ihn mit ganzer Kraft.
Auf dem Kriegsschauplatz am Balkan drang die von Generalmajor Pongracz befehligte 3. Gebirgsbrigade, die schon einmal einen kühnen Vorstoß in das rauhe, kriegerische Montenegro erfolgreich durchgeführt hat, vor einigen Tagen von neuem gegen die auf den Grenzhöhen bei Bilek stehenden Montenegriner vor und warf die an Zahl überlegenen feindlichen Kräfte in mehrtägigem Angriff zurück, nahm ihnen dabei auch schwere Geschütze ab und degagierte durch die kühne Tat die von den Montenegrinern bedrängte Grenzbefestigung.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes.
v. Hoefer, Generalmajor.

Österreichisches Kriegspressequartier, 4. Septbr. (Priv.-Tel.)
Während heute in dem ungeheuren Ringen um Lemberg eine Kampfpause eingetreten ist, nützt die Armee Auffenberg ihren nach achttägigem schweren Kampfe errungenen Sieg nach Kräften weiter aus. Der Armee Auffenberg war nämlich die schwerste Aufgabe zuteilgeworden, da der mit weit überlegenen Kräften unternommene Vorstoß der Russen aus dem Versammlungsraume um Cholm direkt von Norden nach Süden auf Lemberg, also in die Flanke und in den Rücken der östlich hiervon stehenden österreichisch-ungarischen Armee geführt hatte, gegen die ohnehin der Stoß der russischen Hauptmacht gerichtet war. Ein Erfolg der russischen Westarmeen hätte daher zu einer erdrückenden Umklammerung und einer schließlichen Katastrophe der in Ostgalizien ohnehin schwer gegen die russische Übermacht kämpfenden Armeeteile führen können. Viel weniger bedenklich war der Vorstoß der anderen russischen Westarmee über Lublin, da dieser im Falle des Erfolges doch zu weit von den in Ostgalizien engagierten österreichischen Truppen geendet hätte. Wie besonders die Bedeutung der russischen Offensive über Zamosc vom Armeeoberkommando eingeschätzt wurde, erhellt wohl daraus, daß man trotz des Bewußtseins, daß ein übermächtiger Stoß von Osten zu gewärtigen sei, die noch nicht eingesetzte Armee Auffenberg nordwärts dirigierte und sie schließlich noch durch das Korps des Erzherzogs Josef Ferdinand verstärkte. Im Osten konnte man hoffen, allerdings nur im festen Vertrauen auf die eherne Widerstandskraft und Disziplin der Truppen, genügend lang ausharren zu können. Freilich gehörte zu diesem Entschlusse auch ein ungewöhnliches Maß von Großzügigkeit und Mut der Verantwortung. Alle Voraussetzungen sind glänzend eingetroffen. Ein für die künftige Kriegsgeschichte mustergültiges Beispiel für Kämpfe größten Stiles auf der inneren Linie gegen einen übermächtigen Feind ist von der österreichisch-ungarischen Armee mit herrlichem Erfolge unter schwersten Verhältnissen durchgeführt worden.
Die genaueren Mitteilungen, die ich erhielt, ergänzen das gestern vom Generalstabe ausgegebene Communiqué. In den schweren, den endlichen Sieg der Armee Auffenberg vorbereitenden Kämpfen um Zamosc wetteiferten mährische Truppen und niederösterreichische Landwehr-Regimenter in ihrem unaufhaltsamen Drange nach vorwärts. Die Schwierigkeiten waren außerordentlich, da die Russen sich überall in stark befestigten Stellungen befanden und sich in Folge ihrer bereits zur Stelle befindlichen Reserveformationen in den Schützengraben ablösen konnten, während die unseren, wie übrigens auch um Lemberg, ihre Kampflinie Tag und Nacht nicht verlassen konnten und es stets mit gut ausgeruhten Gegnern zu tun hatten. Schließlich bildeten die Höhen um Komarow den Brennpunkt der Kämpfe und den Schlüssel der russischen Position. Die Russen erkannten dies sehr wohl und konnten infolge ihrer numerischen Überlegenheit den Durchbruch sackartig nach Westen versuchen, bis in diesem kritischsten Schlachtmomente das Korps des Erzherzogs durch die Erstürmung der Höhen von Tyszowce, die stark befestigt waren und auch eine Reihe feldmäßig verstärkter Ortschaften als Stützpunkte aufwiesen, der Krise die entscheidende Wendung zum Guten brachte. Im Westen schlossen sich die Truppen des Generals Boroevics dieser Aktion an.
Nun waren die Russen, deren Zentrum sich unmittelbar vor der gänzlichen Einschließung sah, gezwungen, den Angriff auf die Mitte der österreichisch-ungarischen Front einzustellen Unsere Truppen drängten aber den zurückgehenden feindlichen Abteilungen sofort mit allem Nachdruck nach und ließen die Russen nicht zu Atem kommen. Diese suchten durch die zähe Verteidigung der Höhen von Komarow den Abmarsch ihres östlichen Flügels soweit zu decken, daß er möglichst geordnet vor sich gehen konnte. In diesem Augenblick erst kam der ungemein kräftig geführte Vorstoß der Armee des Erzherzogs zu seiner vollen Geltung. Der Schneid der tiroler, salzburger und der oberösterreichischen Truppen war bewunderungswürdig. Sie erkämpften die Herrschaft über die beiden für den russischen Rückzug bedeutsamen Straßen von Staroe, Sielo und Tyszowce nach Krylow und Grubieszow zum Bug, sodaß die noch nicht entkommenen Teile der russischen Armee in schwere Bedrängnis gerieten Tatsächlich krönte dann die Gefangennahme großer Teile der zurückgehenden Russen sowie die Eroberung fast der ganzen russischen Artillerie das Werk des ruhmvollen Tages. Die Vernichtung des Artilleriebestandes der russischen Westarmee ist umso bedeutsamer, als die zahlenmäßige Überlegenheit der feindlichen Artillerie die österreichisch-ungarischen Truppen zeitweise stark leiden ließ.
Die ungeheure Bedeutung dieser gesamten Ereignisse liegt darin, daß die drohende nördliche Umfassung des österreichisch-ungarischen Zentrums endgültig verhindert ist.
Lemberg wurde gestern von unseren Truppen freiwillig geräumt. Die Russen beschossen noch heute morgen längere Zeit unsere verlassenen Stellungen. 2)



Der 1. Weltkrieg im September 1914
www.stahlgewitter.com
_________________
Met hart en ziel
De enige echte

https://twitter.com/ForumWO1
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht Verstuur mail Bekijk de homepage
Yvonne
Admin


Geregistreerd op: 2-2-2005
Berichten: 45409

BerichtGeplaatst: 04 Sep 2006 7:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1918: American troops land at Archangel

On September 4, 1918, United States troops land at Archangel, in northern Russia. The landing was part of an Allied intervention in the civil war raging in that country after revolution in 1917 led to the abdication of Czar Nicholas II in favor of a provisional government; the seizure of power by Vladimir Lenin and his radical socialist Bolshevik Party; and, finally, Russia’s withdrawal from participation alongside the Allies in World War I.

By the spring of 1918, after the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ended Russia’s war effort against the Central Powers, the country was embroiled in a heated internal conflict. Supporters of the Bolsheviks—known as the Reds—faced off against the Whites, anti-Bolshevik forces loyal to the provisional government, in a power struggle aimed at defining the future course of the Russian state. In this struggle, the leaders of Britain, France and the United States definitively favored the Whites, harboring as they did an intense fear and misunderstanding of Lenin and his forces of radical socialism. With some hesitation, they determined to launch an intervention into the Russian civil war, aimed at defeating the Bolsheviks and installing the Whites in power again, hoping this eventuality would draw Russia back into the war against the Central Powers.

A document issued by the U.S. State Department in July 1918 set the terms by which the U.S. would participate alongside the other Allied powers in the so-called "interventions" in Russia: three infantry battalions and three companies of army engineers would be sent to Archangel to join the British troops already there. A small force would also be sent to Vladivostok, where a force of Czecho-Slovak troops bent on continuing the fight against the Central Powers had claimed the Russian city as an Allied protectorate early in July. According to the State Department, Allied responsibilities in Russia were clear: "…Each of the associated powers has the single object of affording such aid as shall be acceptable, and only such aid as shall be acceptable, to the Russian people in their endeavor to regain control of their own affairs, their own territory, and their own destiny."

The Allied intervention in Russia would continue throughout the end of World War I and the peace negotiations at Versailles, from which the Russian Bolsheviks were excluded. By October 1919, White Russian forces were in full retreat in the south, and Lenin and his Bolsheviks had effectively consolidated power for their regime. Recognizing the futility of their intervention in the costly and distant conflict in Russia, Allied forces began to withdraw. By the time the American troops completed their evacuation of Vladivostok and Archangel, 174 of them had been killed in action or died of wounds incurred over the course of the intervention.

www.historychannel.com
_________________
Met hart en ziel
De enige echte

https://twitter.com/ForumWO1
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht Verstuur mail Bekijk de homepage
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 20:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Breendonk 4 september 1914

Dat het Fort van Breendonk een lugubere rol speelde tijdens de tweede wereldoorlog is alom geweten. Veel minder bekend is wat er voor en tijdens WO I gebeurde. Breendonk maakte deel uit van een tweede fortengordel rond Antwerpen. Door de steeds beter wordende artillerie lag de eerste fortengordel te dicht bij de strategisch zeer belangrijke Antwerpse haven. (Zie bijgevoegde kaart) Deze tweede gordel werd afgewerkt in 1914 maar viel op 20 oktober in handen van het Duitse leger. Het diende tijdens WO I verder als munitiedepot.

We schrijven 4 september 1914.

De Eerste Wereldoorlog is in volle ontwikkeling. België is al voor een groot stuk bezet door de Duitse legers. Onder commando van generaal Hans von Beseler zal later vanaf 28 september het fort belegerd en ook ingenomen worden. Konng Albert is op 8 oktober reeds vertrokken en heeft zich dan achter de Ijzer teruggetrokken.

de Belgische troepen hebben zich verschanst in en achter de Antwerpse fortengordel die op dat ogenblik als onneembaar beschouw werd. De betonnen constructies moeten de manschappen beschermen tegen de zwaarste 27cm artilleriegranaten van dat tijdperk. Duitsland beschikte echter bij het begin van de oorlog al over 30,5 cm en 42 cm mortieren die de betonnen muren wel konden doorboren. Ondanks dat feit voelde de Belgische Generale Staf zich veilig en zelfs het opperbevel onder leiding van Koning Albert I bevond zich in het fort van Breendonk. Samen met het fort van Liezele, zo'n 4 km verder Noord-Westwaarts vormt Breendonk de frontlinie van het Belgische leger.

Enkele dagen voorheen op 20 augustus was het Duitse leger genaderd tot op de as Grimbergen-Wolvertem-Merchtem. Het Franse leger verdedigde zich aan de Marne en in Noord-Frankrijk.

Het Duits oppercommando vermoedt dat de Engelsen op 4 september ontscheept zijn en dat ze de bres tussen het Franse en het Belgische leger willen dichten. Dit om de opmars van de bezetter te stoppen. Daarom beslissen zij om een massale aanval te doen naar het noorden. Een eerste groep trekt richting Dendermonde om te beletten dat de Belgen contact maken met de Engelsen. Een tweede aanvalsgolf tracht via Londerzeel naar de forten te trekken om de verslagen Belgische regimenten te verhinderen zich terug te trekken in en achter de fortengordels rond Antwerpen. Een derde front wil naar Kapelle-op-den-Bos en Tisselt doorstoten om de kanaalbruggen op te blazen.

Het verloopt echter niet zoals gepland. Er zijn geen Engelsen en ook geen Belgen die hen tegemoet gaan. In Kapelle-op-den-Bos vallen enkele verkenners in handen van Belgische militairen die de spoorwegberm Mechelen-Dendermonde bezetten. Deze twee tegenvallers zetten kwaad bloed en als vergelding worden Dendermonde en Kapelle-op-den-Bos platgebrand. Een derde optater krijgt hun centrale linie die bij gebrek aan degelijk kaartmateriaal te dicht bij de forten komen. In Breendonk hadden de Belgen uit voorzorg een deel van het oude dorp platgelegd om zo een open schutsveld te hebben. Dat blijkt een goede maatregel te zijn want de Duitse regimenten worden teruggedreven en lijden zeer zware verliezen. Diezelfde avond besluit de Belgische Generale Staf om ook in Liezele het schutsveld met de grond gelijk te maken. De meeste bewoners kregen zelfs niet de tijd hun spullen te redden.

In de periode augustus-september 1914 vallen er aan Belgische zijde 9000 doden. Het kerkhof van Willebroek, niet ver van het Fort gelegen, heeft nog een erepark voor de gesneuvelden van WOI. Dat er ook aan Duitse zijde slachtoffers vielen is zeker, maar in het begin van de oorlog werden de lijken overgebracht naar Duitsland. Hier en daar herinneren monumentjes aan wat er gebeurde.

http://www.geocaching.com/seek/cache_details.aspx?guid=6ecb697b-dbd6-486e-94fb-1bebdb9e239e

De gesneuvelde soldaten van Marke 1914- 1919

Verrue Jerome Alfons
°Marke 5 februari 1896, soldaat bij het 3e Jagers te Voet, gesneuveld te Breendonk op 4 september 1914.

http://blog.seniorennet.be/tfrontmarke/archief.php?ID=86566

Klein-Brabant in Oorlog.

De forten Breendonk, Liezele en Bornem in 1914

door Marc Van Riet

Op eenvoudige maar duidelijke wijze verhaald het boek de bouw, het militair concept en de strijd van 1914 in de 4de Sector van Vesting Antwerpen.
Dag na dag zien we de voorbereiding, aanval, verdediging en ineenstorting van het defensiesysteem rond de Forten Bornem, Liezele en Breendonk. Ook hun rol bij "vergeten overwinning" van 4 september 1914 en terugtocht naar de IJzer wordt toegelicht. Kortom een boek dat je moet gelezen hebben!

http://conversie.boekenlijst1418.nl/modules/news/article.php?storyid=35
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 03 Sep 2010 20:37, in toaal 2 keer bewerkt
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 20:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

4 September, 1914: The Triple Entente Declaration on No Separate Peace
From the French Yellow Book.

DECLARATION

M. Delcasse, Minister for Foreign Affairs, to the French Ambassadors and Ministers abroad

Paris, September 4, 1914

The following declaration has this morning been signed at the Foreign Office at London: -- "The undersigned duly authorized thereto by their respective Governments hereby declare as follows: --

"The British, French, and Russian Governments mutually engage not to conclude peace separately during the present war. The three Governments agree that when terms of peace come to be discussed, no one of the Allies will demand terms of peace without the previous agreement of each of the other Allies."

(Signed)

PAUL CAMBON
COUNT BENCKENDORFF
EDWARD GREY

This declaration will be published today.

DELCASSE

http://www.gwpda.org/1914/tripentente.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 20:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Australian Naval History on 4 September 1914

The cruiser HMS PSYCHE, (later HMAS PSYCHE), and survey ship HMS FANTOME, (later HMAS FANTOME), joined the contraband patrol in the Bay of Bengal.

http://www.navyhistory.org.au/4-september-1914/
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 20:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Het Duitse Kerkhof van Melle 1914.

4 september 1914. Dendermonde is bezet. De burgerwacht is noordwaarts richting Antwerpen getrokken langs de Scheldebrug te Wetteren. Het opperbevel van het Belgische leger had zich gegroepeerd te Gent met voorposten in de directe omstreken.

http://www.bunkergordel.be/14.006%20Kerkhof%20Kwatrecht%201914.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 20:42    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Extracts from the H.M.S. Carnarvon's Night Order Books, (1914-1916)

4 September 1914, preparations for Visiting Spanish dignitary

"Ship will anchor in Los Palmas about 9 A.M. Salute of twenty guns to be ready, Spanish ensign at main. Spanish Vice-Admiral will also probably be saluted later in day, 15 guns."

http://www.vlib.us/medical/hanks/nob.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 20:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

James Foldys Hitchon

(...) By 1914, the Hitchon family had moved from Fence to Hoghton Bank in Hoghton. On 4th September 1914 - one month to the day after war had been declared against Germany - James enlisted at Preston into the ranks of the The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. He was described as being 5ft 6½in tall with good vision and good physical development. After serving little more than two months as a Private (No.2233) in the regiment's 4th Battalion, James applied for an infantry commission. With the strong support of his battalion's commanding officer, Lt.-Col. Henry Beckwith, James was duly granted his commission and on 20th January 1915 was appointed to the 10th (Reserve) Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment with the rank of 2nd Lieutenant. (...)

http://www.pals.org.uk/hitchon.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 20:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

High-Ranking Casualties

Generalmajor Otto NIELAND
Wounded in action on 27 August 1914 at Cléry (France), General Nieland died of his wounds on 4 September 1914 in Cambrai. He had been commanding the 6. Infantry Brigade until wounded.

http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?f=72&t=55900&p=506574&hilit=harbou
Ook hier: http://lagrandeguerre.cultureforum.net/parcours-de-divisions-de-regiments-de-soldats-f3/les-generaux-allemands-morts-au-combat-1914-1918-t26807.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 03 Sep 2010 20:53, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 20:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The First Battle of the Marne, 5 - 10 September 1914.

On 4 September 1914 Général Galliéni, Commander of the Army of Paris, offered Général Joffre important intelligence, perhaps for the first time in history based on air reconnaissance. Galliéni detected that Von Kluck's Army has isolated itself from Von Bülow’s 2nd Army and left it's flanks open. Galliéni urged Joffre to take this chance for a counter offensive.

http://pierreswesternfront.punt.nl/?id=430183&r=1&tbl_archief=&
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 20:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Year 1914

On 4 September, in north Poland, von Hindenburg's 8th Army advanced against remnants of General Schneidemann's Russian 2nd Army. In heavy fighting the Germans took Mlava.

On the Southwest Front, the Russians began organizing a government of occupation for conquered regions in Galicia. Tsar Nicholas II issued an Imperial decree extending to the whole duration of the war the prohibition of the sale of alcoholic beverages.

http://warchron.com/lemberg.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:00    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Daily Telegraph (4th September, 1914)

After an absence from England of about two and a half years, spent mainly in Paris, Miss Christabel Pankhurst has returned. Speaking on behalf of the Women's Social and Political Union she said: "We feel the best thing we can do is to try and put the case to others as we women see it ourselves. The people of this country must be made to realise that this is a life and death struggle, and that the success of the Germans would be disastrous for the civilization of the world, let alone for the British Empire. Everything that we women have been fighting for and treasure would disappear in the event of a German victory."

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWwomenrecruit.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Emily Greene Balch, "Peace Delegates in Scandinavia and Russia," The Survey, 34 (4 September 1915)

Introduction
In this article, Emily Greene Balch described the positive reception that she and the other delegates received on the peace tour in May and June of 1915. Balch conveys her sense of the importance of continuing the peace mission and her excitement about the possibility of peace. In the article Balch attempted to shape public opinion in favor of peace and distilled the experiences of the women's delegation.

Peace Delegates in Scandinavia and Russia
By Emily Greene Balch

"Sent by the International Congress of Women at The Hague to the governments of Europe and to the President of the United States." So, or in words to this effect, ran the credentials signed by the president of the congress, Jane Addams, with which we started on May 21 on our unexpected mission. Miss Addams herself had gone with others [see THE SURVEY for August 7] to The Hague, London, Berlin, Budapest, Vienna, Berne, Rome, Paris and Havre.[A] The second party of which I was a member, was dispatched to the Scandinavian countries and to Russia.

The delegation was made up of one from each of the belligerent sides and one from two neutral countries. It comprised Chrystal Macmillan, one of the two very able British delegates at the congress; Rosika Schwimmer, politically a Hungarian, but whom nothing human is alien; Madam Ramondt Hirschman, one of the most active of the hospitable and capable Dutch women who prepared the way for the congress; and myself, coming from the United States. Grace Wales, a Canadian, the author of the well-known pamphlet Continuous Mediation without Armistice, also went with us to the Scandinavian countries, nominally as our secretary.

The natural route from Amsterdam to Copenhagen is overland through Germany to Warnemunde. To be sure, under war conditions with night trains, it takes two days with an over-night stop at Hamburg; but this was the least of the difficulty. Our two British friends could not cross "enemy" territory, and to find a boat was not easy. When found, it was a little freighter, with no cabin, but the captain's, no woman on board, inconvenient in every way.

As only one passenger could go on the boat, it was decided Miss Wales should go ahead, this delay leaving Miss Macmillan a week more for work on the very difficult task of preparing our polyglot proceedings for a printer whose proof-setting and proof-reading customs were entirely strange to us.

The other three of us went by train through fields with thriving crops and few men-folk, over heaths where prisoners of war were at work converting the moor into ploughland, past station platforms where fathers and wives were bidding sad goodbyes to their soldier boys, and where girls with the red cross on their arms serving refreshments to passing troops.

In Copenhagen we were welcomed by our Hague friends, photographed, interviewed, feted. While all this has its value, it gives occasion for discussing peace issues and for cutting international ties, our mission was a formal one. We were accordingly very glad when arrangements were completed for an interview with Prime Minister Zahle, and Minister of Foreign Affairs Scavenius. Immediately afterward we left Norway.

In Christiania our program was even fuller. Our first interview was with King Haakon VII, who kept us so long that we began to fear that, in our ignorance of ceremonial, we had missed the signal which ends a royal reception. Only at the end of an hour and three quarters it came. The talk was wide ranging, yet it ever centered about the war. The King appeared to be deeply interested in our mediation plan. He spoke with an evident satisfaction of Norway's equal suffrage.

We went directly from the King to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ihlen, and later were given an appointment with Knudsen, the Prime Minister. We were also given what is, we were told, the most formal recognition that can be given to unofficial persons, being received in the Parliament House by the four presidents of the Storting or Parliament-- Mr. Castberg, president of the Odelsting (one of the two co-ordinate chambers), and a member of the Norwegian inter-parliamentary group; Mr. Jahren, president of the Storting when meeting at joint session; and Vice-President Lovland. We were interested in seeing on the walls the portrait of the first woman member of Parliament.

At a committee meeting at the Nobel Institute we had an opportunity to discuss peace programs with Christian Lange, secretary of the Interparliamentary Union.

In Stockholm, whither we proceeded at once, we had a very interesting interview with Wallenberg, the foreign minister. He is not only a statesman but a man of affairs and a great banker, and appears to be throwing all his weight on the side of peace.

Among distinguished Swedes who showed their sympathy and interest at one of the meetings, arranged for us, we were proud to number Selma Lagerlof.

We had already spent over a fortnight upon our way, when, on the evening of June 7, we started for Russia. At this point we had to make certain changes. Rosika Schwimmer, being technically an enemy, could not go to Russia, and in her stead our Scandinavian friends chose for us Baroness Ellen Palmstierna, a delightful addition to our group. Madam Schwimmer, returning, went first to Denmark, where she took part in the great procession with which the Danish women celebrated the signing of the new constitution securing equal suffrage to Denmark and Iceland.

The usual route from Stockholm to Petrograd is across the narrow seas to Abo in Finland. This passage is now closed to travelers, which means that one must make a railroad journey of three days and three nights round the head of the Gulf of Bothnia. We had been told this journey would be very hard traveling, but we did not find it so, although we were glad to reach the Hotel Astoria in Petrograd, a little before midnight on June 10. We stayed here an unexpectedly long time -- a fortnight, in fact -- and this gave us opportunity to see much of this fine and interesting capital, filled today with Red Cross "lazarets" and with wounded; a clean, orderly, and friendly city, as we observed it.

Our subject was an interview with Sazonoff, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and it was a memorable experience to sit for nearly an hour in conference with one who has so large a part in the making of history in this tragic crisis. He appeared to be already familiar with the Resolutions passed at The Hague, and interested to consider them with us.

Our return trip took us, on practically the longest day of the year, to the furthest point of our journey, well to the north of Archangel. Here, although in the vicissitudes of woods and hills we could not command the horizon, we had the pleasure of seeing the sun well risen before twelve minutes after midnight. It was probably below the horizon a scant twenty minutes.

In Stockholm we found that during our absence arrangements had been completed by the Swedish women for a wonderful set of simultaneous peace meetings. In three hundred places, some five hundred meetings were held on Sunday, June 27; at each the same speech -- a very able one -- was delivered and the same resolution was passed. In spite of the fact of its being a season when people are scattered and meetings are thought to be impracticable, the demonstration which we attended gathered perhaps two thousand people, besides and overflow of some twelve hundred, while eight hundred could not get in at all. Yet, this was only one of five meetings in Stockholm alone. The resolution affirmed the main resolutions of our Hague congress, and called for mediation.

In the Scandinavian countries we saw ministers again on our return journey, and in Holland we had further interviews with Minister of Foreign Affairs Loudon and the Prime Minister. It seemed best for Rosika Schwimmer to go again to Berlin, and for Chrystal Macmillan and me to visit London before I should return to America and report all this to Miss Addams and to President Wilson, as has now been done.

Our London fortnight was in some ways the most absorbing of all. Besides our private interviews with official persons -- Lord Crewe, then acting head of the Foreign Office, and later for a few minutes with Sir Edward Grey -- we met many interesting people. These included some of the women of our own British Committee -- Kathleen Courtney, one of the two British women who succeeded in getting to The Hague: Mrs Hubbard-Ellis, known for her work as an explorer in Canada; Isabella Ford; Catherine Marshall; Sophie Sturge of the Society of Friends; Emily Hobhouse, a well-known for her work in connection with the Boer War; Margaret Bondfield, a delegate to the Women's International Council at Berne.

We saw, too, Carl Heath of the National Peace Council; Edward G. Smith of the League of Peace and Freedom; Miss C.E. Playne, chairman of the conference upon the Pacifist Philosophy of Life held in London in July; Marian E. Ellis of the Fellowship of Reconciliation; Allen Baker, M.P., of the executive committee of the Representative Peace Conference convened by the Society of Friends; and various members of the Union of Democratic Control, including H.N. Brailsford, author of that brilliant book, The War of Steel and Gold; John A. Hobson; "Vernon Lee" (Violet Paget); Ramsey MacDonald. M.P.: Arthur Ponsoby M.P.; and Bertrand Russell. Yet others whom we met were Joel Barlow of the Society of Friends: Roden Buxton, authority on the Balkans; Mr. and Mrs. Stanton Coit; Lord Courtney: Lowes Dickinson: A.G. Gardiner, editor of the Daily Mail: Felix Moscheles, artist and pacifist; Sylvia Pankhurst; Mr. and Mrs. Pethick Lawrence; S.K. Ratcliffe; Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Shaw; Ethel Sidgwick, the novelist and Graham Wallas.

All were eager to hear of our undertaking and, with one or two marked exceptions, all were in their own way more or less distinctly pacifist in their outlook. I was conscious that they were far from being average samples of English feeling; yet, even so, what a testimony to the genuineness of English liberty of thought and the breadth of English humanism were their keen and generous views.

Two groups with whom I did not come into contact were the Stop the War Committee and the No Conscription Fellowship .

What was accomplished by the Hague congress and the resulting undertakings, what their significance, is something that we do not yet fully know, ourselves: and much of what we do know we may not tell. Five things stand out in my estimate of it all:

The noble humanity of the women who gathered at The Hague, all finding firm and common ground under their feet even in the midst of the water;
The well wrought-out platform.
The permanent international pacifist organization of women, now effected;
A plan already under way for calling a congress of these women at the time and place where peace terms are being agreed on, when that time comes;
The mission to the governments, in its immediate and remoter bearings.
I want to say a few words more regarding these last three points. And first as to permanent organization of women's work for durable peace. The new international headquarters at 467 Keizersgracht, Amsterdam, are but the symbol of the organization which women are eagerly forming everywhere. In all countries national groups of the International Women's Committee for Permanent Peace are being organized -- in France, (where are first there was considerable misunderstanding about the movement), in Germany, in Hungary, in England, in the Scandinavian countries, and we hope, in Russia. The American office is the national headquarters of the Women's Peace Party in Chicago.

Money and workers are needed and America, unstricken by war, must do more than its share. It's fair share, even, is a large one. The work already done has cost considerable sums, although many of the delegates, including those from the United States, paid the equivalent of all their own traveling expenses. The future offers opportunity for still larger investments.

The coming peace congress of women must be planned and financed. This is my second point. Peace negotiations may come early and unexpectedly or, alas, they may be delayed for years; but sometime, come they must. And then the women must gather to note, to discuss and to urge terms of peace as contrasted with terms of a shortsighted armistice based on log-rolling politics. Professor LaFontaine of Belgium said to me recently that he considered the preparations for this future congress which were laid at The Hague, as the most important part of our work there.

Of my last point, the mission to the governments, it is too early to speak, both because the work is confidential and cannot be reported and because it is still in process. However, I may say that what was planned as a comparatively formal presentation of the resolutions of our congress developed into something more than this. Never again must women dare to believe that they are without responsibility because they are without power. Public opinion is power; strong and reasonable feeling is power; determination which is a twin sister of faith or vision, is power. When our unaccustomed representatives knocked at the doors of the Chancelleries of Europe there was not one but opened. We were received gravely, kindly, perhaps gladly, by twenty-one ministers, the presidents of two republics, a king and the Pope. All, apparently, recognized without argument that an expression of the public opinion of a large body of women had every claim to consideration in questions of war and peace.

http://womhist.alexanderstreet.com/hague/doc14.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Private Roy Holcombe King - 19th Battalion AIF

Private Roy King, a farmer, from Goulburn New South Wales, was thirty-four years old when he enlisted in February 1915. His battalion, the 19th, was raised at Liverpool in New South Wales in March as part of the 5th Brigade and sailed on the Ceramic for Egypt in June 1915. The unit landed on the peninsula on 21 August and participated in the closing stages of the ‘August Offensive’, including the attack at Hill 60. Two weeks later, on 3 September, while camped on the left side of Hill 60, a shrapnel shell burst over the camp, wounding him in the stomach. He died the following day at the 16th Casualty Clearing Station.

The uncertainty and confusion over his whereabouts caused his widowed mother, Louisa King, considerable anguish over the next few years. Sergeant Laycock said he saw him buried at Anzac while ‘dozens of others’ attested that he had been placed on a hospital ship bound for England. Despite exhaustive investigations his remains were never located and a Special Memorial was erected in this cemetery in 1923, where he was believed to have been buried. The epitaph chosen by his family for his memorial reads:

In Loving Memory Of The Only Son Of J.G. & L.H. King

http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/2visiting/graves/g_numbertwo.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Union of Democratic Control

Horatio Bottomley, argued in the John Bull Magazine that Ramsay MacDonald and James Keir Hardie, were the leaders of a "pro-German Campaign". On 19th June 1915 the magazine claimed that MacDonald was a traitor and that: "We demand his trial by Court Martial, his condemnation as an aider and abetter of the King's enemies, and that he be taken to the Tower and shot at dawn." On 4th September, 1915, the magazine published an article which made an attack on his background. "We have remained silent with regard to certain facts which have been in our possession for a long time. First of all, we knew that this man was living under an adopted name - and that he was registered as James MacDonald Ramsay - and that, therefore, he had obtained admission to the House of Commons in false colours, and was probably liable to heavy penalties to have his election declared void. But to have disclosed this state of things would have imposed upon us a very painful and unsavoury duty. We should have been compelled to produce the man's birth certificate. And that would have revealed what today we are justified in revealing - for the reason we will state in a moment... it would have revealed him as the illegitimate son of a Scotch servant girl!" (...)

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWudc.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

A soldier, inventor and marathon cyclist

In 1954, marathon cyclist Ernie Old completed an 80-day bicycle ride, averaging 80 miles per day and finishing on his 80th birthday in Albert Park in Melbourne. This was just one of his remarkable feats – he also served in two wars, patented several inventions and made Prime Minister Robert Menzies an offer he almost couldn’t refuse.

His story shows how the National Archives can hold diverse records on one individual, spanning many decades.

An eventful life

Ernie Old was born in 1874 in Blackwood, Victoria. He gave his occupation as ‘farmer’ when he enlisted for the Boer War in February 1902 – he served for just three months before the war ended in May 1902.

In December 1914, soon after the outbreak of World War I, Ernie again signed up to serve his country. As part of the 13th Light Horse Regiment, he embarked for Gallipoli from Alexandria, Egypt, on 4 September 1915. In 1916, he was badly wounded while fighting in France.

After the war, Ernie re-enlisted in the Citizen Military Forces (CMF). During World War II, he tried to sign up for service – but at 65 years of age was considered too old.

He also pursued a passion for inventions. In the 1920s, he lodged various applications with the Patents Office for designs to improve steering in motor cars.

Ernie became famous for his exploits on two wheels. Between 1945 and 1952, he carried out eight marathon bike rides around Australia. In 1955, he even wrote to Prime Minister Menzies with a marketing plan for the Melbourne Olympic Games. He proposed to ride around Australia and deliver an invitation to each state premier. The offer was received favourably, but ultimately declined due to fears by prime ministerial staff that Ernie might drop dead during the deliveries!

Ernie’s last marathon ride was in 1960, and he died in 1962

http://www.naa.gov.au/services/family-historians/case-studies/old/index.aspx
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Garrett War Diary - SEPTEMBER 1916

04/09/1916 - I commenced instructing squadron beginners in signalling this morning. Taking Jeff's place, alright as soon as I got into my stride. Flag drill, morse. Extended charge on morning exercise. Line will advance Charge.

http://www.grantsmilitaria.com/garrett/html/sept1916.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1917)

Begin september 1917 - Schietpartijen werden, naarmate de oorlog vorderde, meer en meer legio. Zo werd de uit Rijkevorsel afkomstige smokkelaar Jan Van Leuven, op de grens tussen Hoogstraten en Minderhout in een bil geschoten door een alerte Duitse schildwacht. (Jan Huijbrechts in “Castelré 1914-1918, Begrensd Overleven”)

4 september 1917 - Medische keuring van een nieuwe lichting soldaten in Baarle-Hertog door dr. Van Ex. Op 7 september werden zij verwezen naar het consulaat generaal in Rotterdam. Zes jongens ontbraken op het appél. (Gemeentearchief Baarle-Hertog; 2.073.564 Register van Briefwisseling)

http://www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla15/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=190:08-kroniek-van-baarle-in-de-eerste-wereldoorlog-1917&catid=90:oorlog&Itemid=118
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Meierijsche Courant, Dinsdag 4 September 1917.

Valkenswaard. Gedurende den laatsten tijd kwam het veelvuldig voor dat de koeien in de weide werden gemolken. De politie schijnt nu de jeugdige daders op het spoor te zijn.

Valkenswaard. Zaterdag j.l. werd alhier telegrafisch bericht ontvangen dat de uitvoer van tabak en sigaren verboden is.

http://www.shgv.nl/KrantenArtikelen/1917.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The war diary of the 33rd London Regiment

1 - 4 September 1918: Ypres
Situation very quiet. Our patrols active. Working parties nightly under RE's for improvement of trenches, erection of battle headquarters and wiring.

http://www.1914-1918.net/Diaries/wardiary-33London.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Camp Bragg

In 1918 the Chief of Field Artillery, General William J. Snow, seeking an area having suitable terrain, adequate water, rail facilities, and a climate for year round training, decided that the area now known as Fort Bragg met all of the desired criteria. Consequently, Camp Bragg came into existence on 4 September 1918. Camp Bragg was named for a native North Carolinian, General Braxton Bragg.

http://www.bragg.army.mil/history/HistoryPage/History%20of%20Fort%20Bragg/Founding1919through1939.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

WAR DIARY - 1/8th (ARDWICK) BATTALION MANCHESTER REGIMENT

SEPTEMBER 4 1918 - VILLERS-AU-FLOS
Orders were received at 2 am that the Battalion would probably move forward during the morning East of BARRASTRE as the Division was continuing the attack at 7 am. Preparations were made for an early start which did not materialize. Defensive Positions were reconnoitred in case of enemy attack. The weather was fine and the rest helped the men to recover from their previous heavy fatigue.

http://www.themanchesters.org/wd191809.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

When The Long Last Trek Is Over

Away from noise of battle,
Away from bombs and shells,
I’ll lie where browse the cattle,
Or pluck the purple bells;
I’ll lie among the heather,
And watch the distant plain,
Through all the summer weather,
Nor go to fight again.


The last verse of the poem “When the last long trek is over”, by Lieutenant Alec de Candole, 4th Battalion Wiltshire Regiment.

Two days after writing the poem, he was killed on 4th September, 1918.

http://www.yorkandlancs.org.uk/

Even helemaal, dan...

When The Long Last Trek Is Over

When the last long trek is over,
And the last long trench filled in,
I’ll take a boat to Dover,
Away from all the din;
I’ll take a trip to Mendip,
I’ll see the Wilshire downs,
And all my soul I’ll then dip
In peace no trouble drowns.

Away from noise of battle,
Away from bombs and shells,
I’ll lie where browse the cattle,
Or pluck the purple bells.
I’ll lie among the heather,
And watch the distant plain,
Through all the summer weather,
Nor go to fight again.

http://oldpoetry.com/opoem/37626-Alec-de-Candole-When-The-Long-Last-Trek-Is-Over
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Ordnance Sergeant Weldon M. Barr U.S. Army

Sept. 3, 1918 At camp Ripton, New York. Prepared to leave all day and had big campfire until time to leave at 11:00 p.m. Marched to train and left for the port.

Sept. 4, 1918 Arrived at Song O Island City 4:00 a.m.. Took ferry to Hoboken and boarded the transport Siboney.Given hot coffee and sandwiches by redcross.

Sept. 5, 1918 On board all day and quartered on E deck down in the hold. At 8:00 p.m. two government tugs appeared and in 2 hours we pulled right past the statue of Libery. A memorable night.

http://www.sheilascorner.com/war/dads.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Extracts of a World War One Soldiers' Diary - 1917 - 1918

Corporal Ludvig Gjenvick, Company C, 346th Infantry, A.E.F.

A.E.F. Army Soldier Ludvig Gjenvick was a Norwegian immigrant who arrived in America in 1913. He lived and worked on a farm in Minnesota until being drafted by the Army in 1917. Upon entering the Army, Ludvig worked hard at learning English, became an American Citizen and rose to the rank of Corporal.

Below are excerpts from the readable portions of that diary kept by Corporal Gjenvick of the Allied Expeditionary Force in World War I.


September 1918

... where we were treated to coffee and ice cream by the Red Cross.

Then we were loaded onto the steamship "Ceramic". Then we sailed from America on the morning of August 24th [1918], accompanied by 11 other ships, and anchored in Liverpool's harbor on September 4, 1918 at 10:30 following a safe journey. Then we disembarked from the ship on... the morning of September 5th, [1918] at 6 o'clock, and marched through the streets of Liverpool to the train station, where we were treated to coffee and cookies by the Red Cross. (...)

Lees verder! http://www.gjenvick.com/Military/WorldWarOne/SoldiersDiary/1917-1918-ExtractsFromAWorldWarOneSoldiersDiary.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Paris Peace Talks of 1919 - Part 3 - Independent Macedonia Proposals

At the meeting of the Supreme Council held on September 4, 1919, it was agreed:

1. That no clause on the subject of reciprocal immigration in the Balkans should be inserted in the Peace Treaty with Bulgaria.

2. That the report of the Committee on New States should be accepted, and that this Committee should be authorized to consult with Mr. Veniselos as to the best methods of putting his proposals into effect.

http://www.maknews.com/html/articles/stefov/stefov52.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 21:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The First Police Pursuit by Air - The First Use of an Aircraft for Police Pursuit, 1919
By John Chalmers

Little can be read about Canadian aviation without coming upon the name of Wilfrid Reid “Wop” May, OBE, DFC, who first was written into the history books for service with the Royal Flying Corps in the First World War.

One of his well-known adventures was a January 1932 flight to pursue Albert Johnson, “the mad trapper of Rat River,” for the shooting death of RCMP constable Edgar Millen. But a less well-known flight in September 1919 was the first use of an aircraft for police pursuit.

On August 30, 1919, about 3:00 a.m., Constable William Nixon of the Edmonton police force approached a suspicious character outside a downtown Edmonton business. The man pulled out a revolver, shot Nixon and fled.

On September 1, Nixon died of his wounds, but had given a description matching that of John Gundard Larsen, a known offender recently released on parole after being jailed for forgery.

On September 2, Police Chief George Hill recruited Wop May to fly detective James Campbell to Edson, Alberta in May’s Curtiss JN-4 biplane. Larsen was known to have purchased a ticket on the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway for Edson – and the chase was on.

At Edson, Wop May landed the aircraft on a street in the town, and Detective Campbell was joined by Constable McElroy of the Alberta Provincial Police to pursue the fugitive into the coal branch mining area south of Edson, where Larsen was known to be heading. Joining the search were members of the Royal North-West Mounted Police and other men from the area, some 50 in total.

When May departed from the main street in Edson to fl y back to Edmonton; as he began his take-off run, a wing clipped the town water pump. After checking to make sure the aircraft was airworthy, May lifted off for the return flight. “I was travelling against a wind that was blowing about forty miles an hour, and at a height of 2,000 feet, and owing to this, the machine had run out of gas and I was obliged to force a landing at Wabamun in order to refill the tank,” May said in the The Morning Bulletin of September 4, 1919, “I might say that this landing was another difficult one as I could only descend in a small rough field. Upon leaving Wabamun I was obliged to head off through this narrow field in a course that brought the machine in contact with the tops of trees, which made it necessary to dive the machine into the water in order to gain speed. However, the trip from there to Edmonton was made without any further difficulty.”

Campbell and McElroy soon captured Larsen, who escaped from them for a day and was then recaptured at gunpoint by the two policemen. Returned to Edmonton by train, John Larsen was eventually convicted of armed robbery and attempted murder for an attack on another policeman while awaiting trial. Larsen was sentenced to life imprisonment, but the charge of murdering Constable Nixon was not proven, although there is little doubt who killed the policeman.

http://www.wopmay.com/adventures/manhunt.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 22:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Italy September 1920: The Occupation of the Factories
The Lost Revolution

By Fernando D'Alessandro

Red guards appear in Turin

The working class was also preparing defensive measures. In Turin they organised the Red Guards under the control of the factory councils. They started to organise the running of industry. All the conditions existed for the setting up of a workers' state. The engineering workers were not the only ones who were ready for struggle. We have an example from Milan. In order to continue production under the workers' control they needed oxygen tanks. The FIOM thus ordered the occupation of the Oxygen and Other Gases Company. This was promptly carried out by the workers.

In the regional Piedmontese edition of the Avanti (organ of the Socialist Party) of September 4, 1920, we read the following: "The struggle of the engineering workers opens up a new era of the class struggle which will end up with the workers taking over the management of the whole of production."

But while the workers were showing a determination to struggle to the end, what was the reaction of the political and trade union leaders of the labour movement? On September 4 the chief of police in Milan sent a telegram to the Minister of the Interior in which he stated that: "The workers who are occupying the engineering plants are continuing to arm themselves and to strengthen their means of defence. The workers in other industries are putting pressure on their leaders to spread the movement. I have involved Buozzi and other leaders to resist these pressures. Turati was requested by me to intervene to bring the dispute to an end." [Note Buozzi was the leader of the FIOM and Turati was a historical figure in the Socialist Party, who had become leader of its right wing.]

Thus on September 5 the FIOM announced it was prepared to accept a wage increase of 5 lira instead of 7! Turati, Treves, D'Aragona and Buozzi (leaders of the CGL and Socialist Party) were obsessed with the idea of keeping the movement under control. They feared that the movement could spread and that the trade unions could lose control.

http://www.marxist.com/Europe-old/italy_september_1920.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 22:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

US Suffrage Map, 1920

Description US Suffrage Map 1920.png
Map of Women's Suffrage laws in various states of the US immediately before passage of the Nineteenth Amendment.

Date 4 September 1920(1920-09-04)

Source From the article "Out of Subjection Into Freedom" by Marjorie Shuler, published in The Woman Citizen, page 360, September 4, 1920

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:US_Suffrage_Map_1920.png
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Sep 2010 22:23    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

En speciaal voor Yvonne...

Onafhankelijkheidsfeesten Dordrecht, 3 en 4 september 1913

http://sa-dordrecht.cust.iaf.nl/index.cfm?op2=&sortfield=&op3=&yearbegin=&tohistory=1&value2=&value3=&fuseaction=search%2Edoquery&field1=bdf%5Fnaam&field2=&field3=&value1=Onafhankelijkheidsfeesten&yearend=&startrow=0&op1=
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Finnbar
Moderator


Geregistreerd op: 5-11-2009
Berichten: 6878
Woonplaats: Uaso Monte

BerichtGeplaatst: 04 Sep 2011 5:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

SEPTEMBER 4, 1914

The Belgian Front.
==The Belgians open the dikes to impede a German attack on Antwerp

== ~The troops of the German right, the French left and the BEF are in extreme stages of fatigue: ~a British officer writes “I would never have believed that men could be so tired and so hungry and yet live.” - Kluck reports to OHL that “the 1st Army… has reached the limit of its endurance.”

The BEF Front.
==Ignoring orders, Kluck pushes his 1st Army over the Marne [morning]
==The BEF receives 20,000 replacements

The Northwestern Front.
==The new 5th Army commander d’Esperey informs his staff that he will shoot any officer who fails in his duty [morning]
==German 2nd Army erroneously reports that the French are falling back in disorder

The First Battle of the Marne (prelude).
==French [dawn] and British aviators confirm that the German 1st Army’s right flank is exposed - without authorization, Gallieni begins preparations for an attack from Paris by the French 6th Army against Kluck’s 1st Army [900.AM] - GQG is informed of Gallieni’s proposed counterattack [945.AM] and debates the plan - d’Esperey meets with Henry Wilson at Bray and persuades him to support a counteroffensive [400.PM], although the BEF continues to retreat - Gallieni confers with indecisive British Chief of Staff Murray at Melun and draws up plans for a counterattack [440.PM] - d’Esperey dictates a concise, well-conceived plan for a counteroffensive [445.PM] - Joffre commits to a general counter-offensive [late afternoon] - Joffre receives d’Esperey’s plan [630.PM] and uses it as the basis for the Battle of the Marne - Joffre agrees to move the attack up to Sep.06 under pressure from Gallieni [830.PM] - Joffre signs General Order No. 6 for a counterstroke against the German right flank [1000.PM] - Joffre learns that Sir John French is waffling about the proposed counterattack [1100.PM]

Lorraine.
==Rupprecht and the Kaiser refuse to allow Moltke to transfer troops from 6th Army to the threatened German right wing
==Massive German shellings on the Grande Couronne, near Nancy, are observed by the Kaiser - determined attacks by German 6th Army in Lorraine (to Sep 7) are repelled by Castelnau’s hard-pressed 2nd Army

German Headquarters (OHL).
==Still optimistic, an OHL intelligence officer tells German 5th Army “We are advancing triumphantly everywhere”
==Moltke fears a counterattack, and orders the German right to halt [745.PM] entirely abandoning the Schlieffen Plan

Germany.
==In Berlin, Princess Blucher writes “Nothing is talked of but the expected entry into Paris.”


==> http://cnparm.home.texas.net/Wars/Marne/Marne04.htm
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht Verstuur mail
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13020
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 04 Sep 2014 20:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Pvt Lawrence Lindzey Wadsworth, Co I 339th Infantry Regt.

Born at Pendleton County,Kentucky on 5 November 1894, Lawrence was a farmer in Ohio County, Indiana at the time of the US declaration of war. He joined the army at Detroit, Michigan on 26 April 1918 and, after training at Camp Custer, Michigan and Camp Mills, New York, was sent to Russia with the 339th Infantry in August 1918.

Lawrence died of pneumonia in the British Hospital at Archangel, Russia soon after his landing on 4 September 1918 and was initially buried in the allied cemetery there. Lawrence's remains were repatriated to the USA post-war.

http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/great-war-people/remember-on-this-day/4022-4-september-1918-pvt-lawrence-lindzey-wadsworth.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Finnbar
Moderator


Geregistreerd op: 5-11-2009
Berichten: 6878
Woonplaats: Uaso Monte

BerichtGeplaatst: 04 Sep 2016 12:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

nurse mary @ 04 Sep 2016 11:27 schreef:
... vandaag is het precies 100 jaar gelden dat er brand uitbrak in de Tunnel van Tavannes, zie ook: http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/wiki/index.php/Tunnel_de_Tavannes

Bij de brand kwamen meer dan 500 Franse soldaten om het leven. Een moment om even bij stil te staan.....

Marij
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht Verstuur mail
Berichten van afgelopen:   
Plaats nieuw bericht   Plaats Reactie    Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog Forum Index -> Wat gebeurde er vandaag... Tijden zijn in GMT + 1 uur
Pagina 1 van 1

 
Ga naar:  
Je mag geen nieuwe onderwerpen plaatsen
Je mag geen reacties plaatsen
Je mag je berichten niet bewerken
Je mag je berichten niet verwijderen
Ja mag niet stemmen in polls


Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2002 phpBB Group