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Auteur Bericht

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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2006 23:05    Onderwerp: 1 juli Reageer met quote

1916 Battle of the Somme begins

At 7:30 on the morning of July 1, 1916, soldiers from 11 British divisions emerge from their trenches near the Somme River in northwestern France and advance toward the German front lines, marking the beginning of a major new offensive on the Western Front in World War I.

With the bulk of French resources concentrated on holding the fortress city of Verdun, under siege by the Germans since February 21, 1916, it was clear that the main offensive effort on the Western Front that year would have to be made by the British. After months of planning under the leadership of Sir Douglas Haig, commander in chief of the British forces, the attack on the Somme—destined to be the largest military engagement in history up to that time—was ready. After a full week of bombarding German positions near the Somme—including 1.5 million shells fired from over 1,500 guns—the infantry advance began on the morning of July 31, along a 25-mile-long front extending across both banks of the river.

The six German divisions facing the advancing British took little time to pull out their heavy machine guns from where they had stored them during the bombardment. Out of the 110,000 British soldiers approaching through No Man’s Land towards the German trenches, some 60,000 were killed or wounded that day alone—the single heaviest day of casualties in British military history to that point. This disastrous initial advance was credited variously to lack of foresight on the part of the British command—their failure to conceive that the Germans could build their trenches deep enough to protect their weapons, or bring them up so quickly once the artillery barrage had ended—the total lack of surprise surrounding when the attack began and the inferior preparation of the British artillery, for which the infantry paid a heavy price.

Between mid-July and mid-September, British forces launched no fewer than 90 attacks—all ill-coordinated, hurried and ineffectual, and all against narrow fronts, with their objective alternating between breakthrough and attrition. Over the course of the next four-and-a-half months, the Allies were able to advance a total of only six miles in the Somme region, at the cost of 146,000 soldiers killed, before Haig called off the offensive on November 18. The German death toll—at 164,000--was even higher.

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, a nemesis of Haig’s, later delivered a resounding condemnation of the battle: “It is claimed that the Battle of the Somme destroyed the old German Army by killing off its best officers and men. It killed off far more of our best and of the French best. The Battle of the Somme was fought by the volunteer armies raised in 1914 and 1915. These contained the choicest and best of our young manhood….Over 400,000 of our men fell in this bullheaded fight and the slaughter amongst our young officers was appalling…Had it not been for the inexplicable stupidity of the Germans in provoking a quarrel with America and bringing that mighty people into the war against them just as they had succeeded in eliminating another powerful foe—Russia—the Somme would not have saved us from the inextricable stalemate.”
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Percy Toplis

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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 22:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Australia and the Gallipoli Campaign

1 July 1915 - The Victorian Department of Education’s magazine — The School Gazette — in a short article entitled ‘The School and The War’ told children in Grades III and IV that: The world rings with the praise of our gallant Australian boys at the front. Grades VII and VIII were urged to help wounded soldiers by collecting old sheets, pillow cases, towels, table-cloths, white shirts, white cotton frocks, white blouses. These could be used as bandages in the Australian hospitals in Egypt.

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 22:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Official Report from Emily Greene Balch to Jane Addams, 1 July 1915

In this official report to Jane Addams, Emily Balch described the positive reception the Women's Delegation received from the Scandinavian and Russian governments. Balch detailed the Scandinavians' responses of the possibility of a conference of neutrals. The neutrals wanted proof of the belligerent nations' desire for a conference. Balch recounted her interview with a Russian official to illustrate the difficulty of acquiring such proof.

Here follows the official part. Please read it all through before communicating any part of it to anyone.

In Copenhagen we found most markedly that fear of being committed to anything that had been shown by the Danish women at the Hague. We were received most formally by the prime minister Mr. Sahle and the minister of foreign affairs Mr. Scavenius. We were told that only two of us were expected to speak and that they would reply by handing to us a ready written response. This of course was in the most general terms.

Net result—we were officially recognized and our arguments may have created some sympathy with our ideas.

In Christiania the atmosphere was lighter. Norway is in a much easier position with no belligerent neighbor no Schleswig-Holstein difficulty and a safer situation as regards contraband traffic.

We were received in private audience by the king who talked much of the time and most informally for almost two hours. He seemed genuinely interested in our ideas especially in our plan of continuous mediation. After this we had a formal interview with the minister of foreign affairs Mr. Ihlen. It looked as if we should not be able to see Mr. Knudson the prime minister a well-know pacifist as his wife was very ill; nevertheless he made an opportunity and invited us to come and speak with him. He was very much in sympathy I think. He asked many questions and promised that the cabinet would consider our plan.

We were then most formally received by the four presidents of the Storthing which was an especial honor. As I understand it the Norwegian parliament has two coordinate branches a president and a vice president for the joint sessions.

In Stockholm we had only one official interview but that was worth all the others put together. The Swedish minister of foreign affairs is a powerful personality, an able man. The case appears to be that he desires to have the conference when peace comes to be made, held in Stockholm and that he would be glad to play a role in all this. We therefore played on this string.

What follows is very private and probably should not be confided to anyone but the president.

We brought Mr. Wallenberg to more and more concrete positions. He finally said that he would be willing to take the initiative in regard to a neutral conference if he had sufficient evidence that it would be "unacceptable" to the belligerents. We pressed the question of what would be sufficient evidence and got him to say that if a lady for instance brought a little billet from two chief representatives of both sides that would be enough.

In Petrograd we were advised to strike for M. Sazonow the minister of foreign affairs as the man of most power. The British ambassador was very helpful and after about a week we got our interview. We wasted a second week waiting to learn whether or not the Czar would also receive us. M. Sazonow very kindly made the request for us but it was a peculiarly difficult moment and our request was not granted.

The interview with Sazonow was deeply interesting. He talked with us quite freely for the greater part of an hour. He did not talk as an extremist but affected an entirely moderate tone about the war. Of course he said that the Germans caused it and blamed them for their way of conducting it. He spoke slurringly of the way the U. S. took Germany's behavior to her at which I fired up. but there was none of the sort of talk that we had been hearing from English and American reporters of the necessity of destroying Germany. He spoke of the inexhaustible numbers of the Russians and of their historical expansion but he said that Russia has now reached her natural boundaries and would "roll over "no further territory. As regards the Dardanelles russia only wants free passage assured her.

We pressed the point of continuous mediation by the neutral conference. He said he had read our resolutions and understood our idea. When we asked him if he would consider the calling such a conference an unfriendly act he smiled and said of course not, how so could it be? He himself used the phrase "not unacceptable." Mrs. Ramondt then asked if in order to be sure that we got his meaning correctly we might write down what he had said. He was quite willing provided we included his remark that he did not think that it would lead to any results at the present time. So we all wrote this down and he was so kind as to read it through and to state that it was correct. He asked us not to make it public.

Returning to Stockholm we again saw Hollenberg and told him all this. He said now that he had said he would be willing act if we brought evidence that the belligerents asked him to but on our stating our remembrance oft as given above I think he tacitly admitted our version. He seemed to think the attested transcript of a conversation such as we had brought adequate as to for but he claimed that the clause as to not expecting any results as making it valueless, He asked us to come back and tell him if we had anything further to report. If this sounds more negative than the first interview perhaps but I think he was taking the whole thing even more seriously.

In Christiania Miss Macmillan saw Ihlen again and in Copenhagen Mrs. Ramondt and I were received quite privately and with our best not to put it in the newspapers by Mr. Eduard Brandes the minister of finance. He was cynical or at least very skeptical but said he did not doubt that Denmark would join a neutral conference if Sweden and Norway did so. Doubtless Norway would say the same.

Here in Holland Mr. Cort van Linden seems to be in quite an oncoming mood. Dr. Jacobs and Madame Schwimmer have seen him and he asked to be informed if we had further news so we are to report our experiences to him on Wednesday. I think that Dr. Jacobs is very anxious to have Holland be the country to do this great thing so much so that that unconsciously makes her oppose our idea of going again to Berlin and London to try to get something like what we got from Sazinow. Our present plan is to try to do this unless Holland is so promising that it does not seem worth while. Accordingly, I have about given up the idea of trying to get off by the Rotterdam boat which sails overland on the seventh.

I wonder if my bad and laborious typewriting or my illegible penmanship seems to you the cosse. At any rate both carry too much love. There is a great deal more that is interesting that I so should like to tell you but I have not the time to write nor you to read it. Miss Manus is back and office and organization work is beginning again. The question of an office and secretary are under discussion. The organization of the committees in the various countries is going on finely notably in France and in Hungary.

Always affectionately and gratefully yours,

E.G. Balch

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis

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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 22:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Edith Elizabeth Appleton Diaries - Volume 3 (8 May to 15 November 1916)

[July] 1st. Not much time for diary this morning - I “slept in” & Collins called me at 6. to go for
a bathe - now it is nearly 7. The water was A.I. cold - strong tide, but low - even so one is out
of one’s depth very quickly - not like Hunstanton - where at low tide it is impossible to get in
water deeper than 2 ft - Our English patients left yesterday - leaving the work light. Five
Sisters arrived from England. 2 stripes 3 staffs. They had been travelling a long time & were
weary people. Letter from you last night - you seem to have had a happy time on the Moor.
Received a little silver paper knife from Thomas last night - a memento of her illness - very
kind of her.

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 22:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of Albert, 1-13 July 1916

The battle of Albert, 1-13 July 1916, is the official name for the British efforts during the first two weeks fighting of the first battle of the Somme. As such it includes the first day of the Somme, the most costly day in British military history and one that has coloured our image of the First World War ever since.

The battle of the Somme had been intended to be a big Anglo-French assault on the centre of the German lines. The original plan had been somewhat disrupted by the German attack at Verdun on 21 February, which pulled in an ever increasing number of French troops. By the time the battle began, it had turned into a largely British affair, with support from the French Sixth Army on the Somme itself.

The artillery bombardment began seven days before the infantry were due to go in. It was not as effective as had been hoped, leaving large portions of the German front line intact. The German lines on the Somme contained a large number of deep concrete bunkers, which protected the Germans from the British bombardment, allowing them to emerge once the bombardment ended. Worse, along most of the British front the bombardment failed to destroy the German wire.

The attack on 1 July was made by eleven divisions along a fourteen mile front from Montauban to Serre. Haig hoped to capture the German front line along this entire front, then break through their second and third lines, before turning left and rolling up the German lines to the sea.

This would prove to be the most ridiculously optimistic plan. Along the northern two thirds of the front virtually no ground was taken. A few lodgements were made in the German front lines, but they were impossible to extend and difficult to support. The British suffered 57,000 casualties on 1 July, the most costly single day in British military history. Thirteen divisions at full strength contained 130,000 men, so the British suffered over 40% casualties in a single day.

On the right of the line the picture was a little less depressing. Between Maricourt and Fricourt the British XIII corps captured the entire German front line. To its left the 7th Division (XV corps) failed to take Fricourt, but the 21st Division, also of XV corps, captured 1,000 yards of the line, isolated Fricourt, which the Germans abandoned overnight.

At the end of the first day the British High Command had little idea of the scale of the disaster. Communications back from the front line were difficult or impossible, and it would take the best part of a week before the total casualty figures for the first day were known. Haig was encouraged to order a renewal of the assault along the entire front on 2 July.

2 July began with an unsuccessful German counterattack at the junction of the British and French armies, where both had advanced from their own front lines. During the day Haig’s planned attack was cancelled corps by corps as the scale of the losses suffered on the previous day became clearer. Very few brigades were still in a fit state to organise another major assault so soon.

The army was still in chaos on 3 July, when an attempt was made to capture Ovillers and Thiepval. The plan of attack was repeated changed, partly to allow units longer to prepare and partly in an attempt to save the already limited stocks of artillery ammunition. The German counter-bombardment had destroyed most of the field telephone wires connected various head quarters to their artillery batteries, so the changes in orders often failed to get through in time.

Haig now relaised that his best change of success was to focus on the right of the line, where some progress had been made. This was an awkward area to fight from, cramped and away from the best roads, but elsewhere the German front line was essentially intact. General Joffre did not approve of this change of emphasis, even attempting to order Haig to attack further north, but without success.

The rest of the fighting in the battle of Albert involved a series of attacks on the front east of the village of La Boisselle, on the Albert-Bapaume road. This slowly pushed the Germans back towards their second position, on Bazentine Ridge. Haig’s intention was to launch an attack with XV and XIII corps against that part of the German second line, starting on 14 July (battle of Bazentine Ridge, 14-17 July).

The battle of Albert is best viewed as two entirely different battles. The first day of the battle, which saw the British attack on a wide front and suffer a heavy defeat, has come to dominate the image of the Somme campaign, deservedly so for it was an unparalled disaster. However it was not typical of the campaign as a whole. The remaining days of the battle of Albert were much more typical of what was to come between then and the end of the battle in November. A series of attacks were made, each with more limited objectives, most of which made some progress, but without ever quite achieving all of their objectives. The search for a breakthrough soon turned into a battle of attrition (or of material).

Rickard, J (21 September 2007), Battle of Albert, 1-13 July 1916 ,

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 22:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

A Death at the Battle of the Somme, 1916

The Battle of the Somme was one of the costliest engagements of the First World War. In the summer of 1916 the line of trenches demarcating the Western Front stretched from the English Channel across the length of France to the Swiss border. At Verdun, near the middle of this line, French and German troops were bogged down in a battle of attrition. The objective of the Somme offensive was to relieve the pressure on Verdun and to push the British line forward.

The attack began July 1, 1916 with a predominately British force clambering out of its trenches and crossing No Man's Land under withering German machinegun and artillery fire. The attack soon stalled and deteriorated into disaster. On that day the British suffered almost 60,000 casualties making it the bloodiest day in British military history. Undeterred, the British command ordered the assault to continue the next day with the hope of breaking through the German lines. This attempt and the others that followed through the summer and fall months produced no break through. Finally, with the approach of winter in November, the battle was abandoned.

The final tally included 420,000 British casualties, 200,000 French and the Germans 500,000. The reward for this effort was the six-mile movement of the British front line into German territory.

Among the French troops waiting to assault the German trenches on July 1 was an American named Alan Seeger. He had graduated from Harvard in 1910 and had spent two years in Greenwich Village before moving to Paris. Alan Seeger was a poet and he thrived in the bohemian atmosphere of Paris's Left Bank. When war broke, Seeger joined the French Foreign Legion in order to defend the country he loved so much. He did not abandon his poetry. One of his compositions during this period was an eerily prophetic poem entitled "Rendezvous with Death:"

I have a rendezvous with Death
At some disputed barricade,
When Spring comes back with rustling shade
And apple-blossoms fill the air--
I have a rendezvous with Death
When Spring brings back blue days and fair.

Seeger kept his appointment with death on July 1, 1916 - the first day of the Battle of the Somme. He was 28 years old.

"The Supreme Experience"

Seeger kept a diary of his experiences in the French Foreign Legion. This, along with his letters, was published in 1917. His final letter was written to a friend as he waited along with his company to be called up to join the opening attack of the Battle of the Somme:

"June 28, 1916.

We go up to the attack tomorrow. This will probably be the biggest thing yet. We are to have the honor of marching in the first wave.

I will write you soon if I get through all right. If not, my only earthly care is for my poems. I am glad to be going in first wave. If you are in this thing at all it is best to be in to the limit. And this is the supreme experience."

"..that was the last time I saw my friend"

The rest of Alan Seeger's story is told through the words of a friend:

"At 8 o'clock on the morning of July 1st there was roll call for the day's orders and we were told that the general offensive would begin at 9 without us, as we were in reserve, and that we should be notified of the day and hour that we were to go into action. When this report was finished we were ordered to shell fatigue, unloading 8 inch shells from automobile trucks which brought them up to our position.

All was hustle and bustle. The Colonial regiments had carried the first German lines and thousands and thousands of prisoners kept arriving and leaving. Ambulances filed along the roads continuously. As news began to arrive we left our work to seek more details; picking up souvenirs, postcards, letters, soldiers' notebooks, and chatting all the time, when suddenly a voice called out: 'The company will fall in to go to the first line.'

About 4 o'clock the order came to get ready for the attack. None could help thinking of what the next few hours would bring. One minute's anguish and then, once in the ranks, faces became calm and serene, a kind of gravity falling upon them, while on each could be read the determination and expectation of victory. Two battalions were to attack Belloy-en-Santerre, our company being the reserve of battalion. The companies forming the first wave were deployed on the plain. Bayonets glittered in the air above the corn, already quite tall.

The first section (Alan's section) formed the right and vanguard of the company and mine formed the left wing. After the first bound forward, we lay flat on the ground, and I saw the first section advancing beyond us and making toward the extreme right of the village of Belloy-en-Santerre. I caught sight of Seeger and called to him, making a sign with my hand.

He answered with a smile. How pale he was! His tall silhouette stood out on the green of the cornfield. He was the tallest man in his section. His head erect, and pride in his eye, I saw him running forward, with bayonet fixed. Soon he disappeared and that was the last time I saw my friend. . . ."

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis

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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 22:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Battle of the Somme, 1916
The attack itself began at 07:30 on 1 July with the detonation of a series of 17 mines. The first, which was actually exploded ten minutes early, went off at 07:20.

The detonation of this mine, the Hawthorn Crater - which remains visible today - was captured on moving film by official war photographer Geoffrey Malins.


"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 22:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of the Somme

The Battle of the Somme (French: Bataille de la Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, took place during the First World War between 1 July and 18 November 1916 in the Somme department of France, on both banks of the river of the same name. The battle consisted of an offensive by the British and French armies against the German Army, which since invading France in August 1914 had occupied large areas of that country. One of the largest battles of the First World War, by the time fighting had petered out in late autumn 1916 more than 1.5 million casualties had been suffered by the forces involved. It is understood to have been one of the bloodiest military operations ever recorded.

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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis

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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 22:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The capture of Mametz, 1 - 5 July 1916

This article is about the attack and capture of Mametz on 1 July 1916 and the fight for the next ground up toward Mametz Wood that followed over the next few days. It principally concentrates on the area assaulted by the 7th Division.

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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 22:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Battle of the Somme

... I, that on my familiar hill
Saw with uncomprehending eyes
A hundred of Thy sunsets spill
Their fresh and sanguine sacrifice,
Ere the sun swings his noonday sword
Must say good-bye to all of this;-
By all delights that I shall miss,
Help me to die, O Lord.

The last poem of William Noel Hodgson
(written just before the battle of the Somme).

The son of a Bishop, Hodgson volunteered for the Devonshire Regiment in Sept. 1914, at the age of 21. He was awarded the Military Cross for his bravery on 25 Sept. 1915, when he and a small party held a captured trench for 36 hours without food or reinforcements.

On 1 July 1916, he was killed by bullet in the throat from a German machine gun while taking a supply of bombs to his men in newly captured trenches near Mametz.

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 23:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

11th Battalion, The Suffolk Regiment - Soldiers Killed on the First Day of the Battle of the Somme

Surname - First Name(s) - Number - Born - Enlisted - Grave or Memorial

Abbiss - Arthur - 13594 - Hitchin - March - Thiepval Memorial
Adams - Harry - 13662 - Over - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Allgood - Frank - 15763 - Kingston, Cambs - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Alsop - William James - 16885 - Haddenham - Ely - Thiepval Memorial
Anable - Harry - 18721 - Dry Drayton - Bury St Edmunds - Thiepval Memorial
Anderson - George Edward - 16364 - West Wratting - Wisbech - Thiepval Memorial
Asplen - Horace William - 17345 - Girton - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Austin - Arthur - 16294 - Ramsey Fen - March - Ovillers M.C.
Baines - Francis Herbert - 20141 - Murrow - March - Thiepval Memorial
Bareham - Reginald George - 13777 - Steeple Bumpstead - Cambridge - Ovillers M.C.
Barton - Walter Fred - 17512 - Caxton - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Bedford - John - 15795 - Coates - Whittlesey - Thiepval Memorial
Beeton - Sidney - 15766 - Balsham - Linton - Ovillers M.C.
Bester - Wilfred Edward - 16569 - Little Eversden - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Bissett - Richard - 15345 - Gloucester - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Blackley - charles - 16408 - Cambridge - Cambridge - Gordon Dump
Brand - Horace Everard - 13772 - Duxford - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Brighton - Harry - 22051 - Cambridge - Wisbech - Thiepval Memorial
Brooks - William George - 3/9869 - Islington - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Buff - Robert William - 20677 - Long Sutton - Wisbech - Thiepval Memorial
Bullivant - Thomas - 16592 - Guyhirn - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Burling - Harry - 20501 - Waterbeach - Bury St Edmunds - Thiepval Memorial
Butler - George - 15948 - Mildenhall - Ely - Thiepval Memorial
Carpenter - Arthur Robert - 16853 - Mildenhall - Ely - Thiepval Memorial
Carpenter - Sidney Bernard - 15600 - Chesterton - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Catling - Arthur - 15841 - Eastrea - Whittlesey - Thiepval Memorial
Chapman - Albert William - 16332 - N/K - N/K - Thiepval Memorial
Chapman - Herbert - 16291 - March - N/K - Thiepval Memorial
Clarke - Rowland - 15599 - Linton - N/K - Thiepval Memorial
Cole - James - 20473 - Upwell - Wisbech - Becourt M.C.
Coles - Herbert - 16555 - Whittlesey - Whittlesey - Thiepval Memorial
Conquest - Albert - 13814 - Over - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Cook - Warren Ivan - 17266 - Barwell - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Coote - Frederick - 15762 - Little Thurlow - Newmarket - Gordon Dump
Corbey - Hugh - 15347 - Boxworth - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Corner - George - 17083 - Derby - Derby - Becourt M.C.
Cornwell - Herbert Edwin - 16412 - Horningsea - Cambridge - Ovillers M.C.
Coulson - George Frank Stanley - 16841 - Coveney - Ely - Thiepval Memorial
Cousins - Horace - 16274 - Hilgay, Norfolk - March - Gordon Dump
Cox - Ernest - 13661 - Willingham - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Cutter - Montague - 20394 - Little Abington - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Darley - Desmond John - N/A - N/K - N/K - Thiepval Memorial (Officer)
Dash - Reuben - 13671 - Meldreth - Cambridge - Cerisy-Gaillet F.N.C.
Day - Alfred Arnold - 5760 - Comberton - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Day - Jack Uriah - 13652 - Waterbeach - Cambridge - Bapaume Post M.C.
Day - Walter - 13791 - Comberton - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Day - Walter - 20502 - Waterbeach - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Dean - George Lazarus - 17236 - Disby Wood - Newmarket - Thiepval Memorial
Disbrey - Herbert William - 1581 - Barton - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Diver - Cecil - 15904 - Histon - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Dodson - Jonas - 16374 - Swavesey - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Drake - Arthur - 17162 - Dipton, Durham - Newmarket - Thiepval Memorial
Driver - George Percy - 14432 - Papworth St Agnes - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Edwards - Alfred - 16654 - Cambridge - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Fieldgate - Edwin Charles - 13555 - Old Chesterton - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Fincham - George - 17665 - N/K - N/K - Gordon Dump
Fincham - John William - 20755 - N/K - N/K - Ovillers M.C.
Flack - Leonard - 16690 - N/K - N/K - Thiepval Memorial
Flunder - Arthur philip - 16708 - N/K - N/K - Thiepval Memorial
Fordham - Earnest Augustus - 16565 - Chesterton - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Fox - William Bertie - 16440 - Chesterton - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Fox - William Henry - 15700 - Newton - Wisbech - Thiepval Memorial
Francis - Albert Harry - 16302 - Littleport - Ely - Thiepval Memorial
Free - Alfred - 17516 - Chesterton - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Freezer - stanley - 16881 - Shipton, Norfolk - Littleport - Thiepval Memorial
Fromant - John Henry - 13795 - Quy - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Frost - Christopher William - 12695 - Cambridge - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Frost - George - 16252 - Brandon Creek - Ely - Thiepval Memorial
Gage - Sidney - 17515 - Mildenhall - Ely - Serre Road No. 1
Gawthroup - Stanley - 16357 - Quy - Cambridge - Gordon Dump
Giddings - Edward - 15704 - March - March - Thiepval Memorial
Gilson - Archie - 17079 - Cambridge - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Gilson - Robert Quilter - N/A - N/K - N/K - Becourt M.C. (Officer)
Good - Walter James - 16650 - Chippenham - Newmarket - Thiepval Memorial
Goody - Harry Henry - 13589 - Swaffham Heath - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Graves - Arthur - 15908 - Chatteris - Chatteris - Thiepval Memorial
Graves - Arthur - 20116 - Stretchworth - Newmarket - Gordon Dump
Green - Albert - 15606 - Croydon, Herts - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Hall - Albert - 17658 - Stow, Norfolk - Wisbech - Thiepval Memorial
Hancock - Arthur - 20445 - Fulbourne - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Hancock - Harry - 20444 - Fulbourne - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Harknett - Edward - 14435 - Harlow - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Harper - Percy Victor - 15759 - Comberton - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Harris - Herbert Edgar - 15352 - Kettering - N/K - Thiepval Memorial
Heaps - Joseph - 17351 - Doddington - N/K - Thiepval Memorial
Hills - Charles - 17052 - Chatteris - N/K - Thiepval Memorial o
Hapwell - Wilfred Edgar - 15758 - Chatteris - N/K - Thiepval Memorial
Horsnell - Alick George - N/A - N/K - N/K - Thiepval Memorial (Officer)
Houghton - William Victor - 16854 - N/K - N/K - Thiepval Memorial
Hubbard - Charles - 17240 - Newmarket - N/K - Thiepval Memorial
Huckle - Harry - 16664 - Bedford - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Hudson - David - 17030 - Elm - Wisbech - Thiepval Memorial
Humphreys - William Horace - 13785 - Comberton - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Hunt - Basil - 13545 - Quy - Cambs - Ovillers M.C.
Hunt - Leonard - 15212 - Ely - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Hurst - George - 20517 - March - March - Thiepval Memorial
Impey - Reginald Charles - - Foxton - Cambridge - Gordon Dump
Ingrey - George - 13587 - Royston - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Jacklin - Simon - 17353 - Kingston, Cambs - Cambridge - Ovillers M.C.
Jolly - Thomas - 3/10192 - Swanton Morley, Norfolk - Lowestoft - Thiepval Memorial
Keep - Charlie - 15353 - Bourn - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Kimpton - Herbert - 20589 - Cottenham - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
King - James - 13677 - Soham - Newmarket - Thiepval Memorial
Knightley - Henry William Louis - 15851 - Impington - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Knights - Reginald - 21712 - Waterbeach - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Lambert - Arthur Richard - 16396 - Walsoken, Norfolk - Wisbech - Thiepval Memorial
Lambert - Stanley - 16256 - March - Ely - Thiepval Memorial
Littlechild - Walter Alfred - 20395 - Meldreth - Cambridge - Gordon Dump
Long - Frederick Charles - 21414 - Landbeach - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Lowings - Arthur Henry - 5715 - Cambridge - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Lutkin - Walter - 16718 - Whittlesey - Whittlesey - Thiepval Memorial
Mace - Ernest - 16691 - Tannington - Wisbech - London Cemetery & Ext. Longueval
Mack - Isaac Alexander - N/A - N/K - N/K - Gordon Dump M.C. (Officer)
Mason - Albert - 20463 - Cherry Hinton - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Mason - Joseph - 15662 - Burwell - Newmarket - Thiepval Memorial
Matthews - David - 16602 - Haslingfield - Cambridge - Gordon Dump
Mclean - Atholl Archibald - N/A - N/K - N/K - Becourt M.C. (Officer)
McGain - Ashley waterson - N/A - N/K - N/K - Thiepval Memorial (Officer)
Moody - Thomas - 13786 - Carlin How, Yorks - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Moore - William - 18347 - Bury St Edmunds - Lowestoft - Thiepval Memorial
Moss - Cecil John - 16614 - Chippenham - Newmarket - Cerisy-Gailley F.N.C.
Murfet - Walter - 17504 - Soham - N/K - Thiepval Memorial
Murkin - Frank - 14259 - Stetchworth - N/K - Thiepval Memorial
Nicholas - Richard - 16969 - Littleport - Littleport - Thiepval Memorial
Noble - Joseph Stanley - 16564 - West Wratting - Linton - Thiepval Memorial
Norman - Herbert Edwin - 16703 - Gilden Morden - Cambridge - Ovillers M.C.
Norman - John - 15962 - Gamlingay - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
North - Ernest George - 13582 - St Micheal's, Longstanton - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Northrop - Percy - 13577 - Harston - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Norton - Harry George - 15583 - Burwell - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Page - James - 3/9049 - Ipswich - Ipswich - Thiepval Memorial
Pagram - Arthur William - 16429 - Haslingfield - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Palmer - James William - With 24th Northumberland Fusiliers, Transferred from 34th Div. Cycle Co. having enlisted in the 11th Bn, Suffolk Regiment
Palmer - William Henry - 16383 - Ramsey - Whittlesey - Ovillers M.C.
Papworth - Frederick - 16659 - Soham - Newmarket - Thiepval Memorial
Pearman - Albert Edward - 16567 - Ashdon, Essex - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Pearson - Ernest - 17610 - March - March - Thiepval Memorial
Pell - Harold - 17029 - Witham On The Hill, Lincs - Wisbech - Thiepval Memorial
Pentney - Harry - 14263 - Long Sutton - Wisbech - Thiepval Memorial
Pethengale - Charles William - 17028 - Tilney All Saints - Wisbech - Thiepval Memorial
Pilsworth - Christie Victor - 5950 - Cambridge - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Pink - George - 15357 - Boxworth - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Poulter - Smith Stevens - 13573 - Willingham - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Preston - Joseph - 16694 - Cambridge - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Pridham - Ernest Edwin - 13542 - Tottenham - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Prime - Frederick - 16325 - Harlston - Cambridge - Gordon Dump
Prior - James William - 16333 - Swavesey - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Reading - Claude Harold - 16850 - Chiswick - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Richards - Fred - 16895 - Whittlesey - N/K - Thiepval Memorial
Robinson - Herbert - 15946 - N/K - N/K - Serre Road No.2
Roofe - Arthur - 16713 - Upwell - Wisbech - Thiepval Memorial
Roughton - John - 17501 - March - March - Thiepval Memorial
Saxby - Frederick Albert - 15586 - Headingham, Norfolk - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Scarrow - Albert - 14271 - Freckenham - Newmarket - Serre Road No.2
Scotney - Samuel - 16570 - Whittlesey - Whittlesey - Thiepval Memorial
Sharp - Sidney Charles - 15879 - Wentworth - Ely - Thiepval Memorial
Sillence - Arthur George - 20431 - Sutton, Surrey - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Skinner - Frank - 13644 - Wimpole - Cambridge - Gordon Dump
Smart - John - 20149 - Chatteris - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Speed - Charles - 13781 - Whittlesford - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Spendlow - Frederick - 16399 - March - March - Thiepval Memorial
Staples - Ellis William - 17609 - Cambridge - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Starling - Frederick - 13779 - Shethall, Essex - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Stevens - Arthur - 13596 - March - March - Thiepval Memorial
Tack - Allen - 16893 - Papworth St Agnes - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Taylor - Bertie William - 13580 - Little Wilbraham - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Templeman - Herbert - 17248 - Guyhirn - Wisbech - Thiepval Memorial
Thomas - Thomas Sydney - N/A - N/K - N/K - Thiepval Memorial (Officer)
Thurley - George - 16341 - Cherry Hinton - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Trott - George - 15826 - Camberwell, Surrey - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Turney - Charles Frederick - 16902 - Oakington - Cambridge - Gordon Dump
Unwin - Richard - 15783 - Fulham, Middlesex - Cambridge - Bapaume Post M.C.
Warren - Arthur - 14445 - Burwell - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Wayman - William - 13658 - Wimpole - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Weston - John Douglas - N/A - N/K - N/K - Thiepval Memorial (Officer)
Whitmore - Alfred - 15210 - Reach - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Whittaker - George William - 13813 - Balsham - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Wilderspin - Charles Reginald - 15844 - N/K - N/K - Thiepval Memorial
Wilderspin - William Joseph - 15901 - Histon - Cambridge - Gordon Dump
Williamson - Sydney George - 15753 - N/K - N/K - Thiepval Memorial
Wilson - Robert - 13649 - Trumpington - Cambridge - Serre Road No. 2
Woods - Frederick - 16738 - Nordelph, Norfolk - Littleport - Thiepval Memorial
Woollard - Henry - 13559 - Romsey Town, Cambs - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Worland - Harry - 15633 - Cottenham - Cambridge - Gordon Dump
Worland - Herbert - 22162 - Cottenham - Cambridge - Thiepval Memorial
Wright - Harold - 16585 - Gorefield - Wisbech - Thiepval Memorial
Wright - Harry - 16710 - Sutton - Wisbech - Thiepval Memorial
Wright - Oscar Edward - 18915 - Kingston Upon Thames - Wimbledon - Thiepval Memorial
Young - Alfred - 16965 - Manea - March - Thiepval Memorial

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 23:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The (unpublished) diary of Sgt. T.H. Bisgood, 2nd London Regiment

30 June 1916 - Have taken over Y Sector trenches directly opposite Gommecourt Wood. All the while, our artillery is at it hammer and tongs and the din is terrible; will it never cease? Tonight the bombardment is intense as the attack all along the line comes off tomorrow. To be quite honest we expect a "walk-over" as our guns have not been replied to, and barely a German has been seen. Rain is now falling heavily making the trenches very uncomfortable

1 July - At last the long looked for day and hour has arrived; broad daylight, the rain has ceased and the day is quite bright. The din now is beyond all imagination, every gun in France seems to be turned on the Hun on our front, surely none can live in this hail of shells and still the German guns remain quiet. Meanwhile all our front line men had been engaged in lighting smoke candles and firing hugh smoke bombs. Now arises a dense cloud of smoke all along our line and the time has arrived when we must show our hands and advance.

The Germans as soon as they saw the smoke knew what was to follow and rapid fire was opened at once. Nothing daunted the London boys climbed up the parapet ready for the fray, they advanced in the face of terrible fire, the Germans now found their hidden artillery and belched forth a tornado of shells on the advancing line. Men fell by the dozen, yet nothing daunted the remainder pushed on. When our brave lads were nearing the German front line batches of the enemy were seen to be clambering out of their trenches (minus their equipment) they rushed forwards hands in the air calling out in their bad French "mercy comrade". Our batt'n alone were responsible for 182 hun prisoners, they were thin and hungry, but quite a decent class and very clean. Only a small percentage of each regiment ever got into the German trenches these few however gallantly hacked their way right into the 3rd line from where they sent us the SOS signal. We, the 2nd London were the reserve batt'n and as soon as the battalions in front sent the signal two companies were up and over despite the fact that all fire was now concentrated on our particular sectors. The reason for this concentration was that the Division on our right (46th Div) let us down and failed to attack. The sight of our boys advancing in the face of this terrible fire was wonderful though terrible; losses in our two companies alone numbered 250. But for the fact of our officers the whole batt'n would have been wiped out. These officers refused to allow the remaining two companies to go over and so saved them. Our trenches were now blocked with dead and dying, only a dozen or so of our lads ever reached Fritz's trenches at all, hundreds were lying in no man's land mostly dead, some however alive though badly wounded managed to crawl into shell holes of which there were thousands; later in the day in one shell hole I found four chaps. We held on to the German 3 front lines for a matter of 10 hours using all our own bombs and ammunition besides that which we found in the trenches.

At about 7 pm all ammunition ran out and as it was impossible to get any more from our own lines owing to the heavy barrage of fire, we had to retire; first from the 3rd German line, then from the 2nd into the 1st and finally the 100 or so that were left had to retire over the top towards our own lines. What a horrible journey midst a hail of bullets, past heaps of dead and dying eventually (with only 27 instead of the 100 odd that started) covered in mud and blood. 23 of the 27 badly wounded. Suddenly at about 7.30 pm the firing died down to a minimum and looking out I noticed a man had boldly climbed out of the German trench and was holding up a large white board with a brilliant red cross painted on it. This man advanced well into the centre of no mans land and beckoned to us, whereupon one of our stretcher bearers jumped over the parapet and went to meet him. The man with the board was a German doctor who spoke quite good English; he offered an Armistice of one hour and this after much ado was accepted by our people. The Hun doctor then signalled with his hand and immediately a party of about 50 German stretcher bearers doubled out and started attending to the wounded. This was good enough for us and over we went again. I was not quite sure whether they were playing the game or not so I went armed and this bit of caution nearly cost me my life. The German doctor told me to cover my revolver with a mackintosh or I would most certainly be shot. The Germans were real bricks and kept their word to the letter, extending the armistice 10 minutes to allow us time to get into our trenches again. Our people however did not play the game as after we had been out about half an hour they put some shells right into the German lines. We thought our time had come and said goodbye to each other, but still the Hun kept his promise and not a shot was fired, this little episode made us feel awful cads. As may be imagined the sight out there was terrible, there were men in every attitude, dead mostly, many blown to fragments. Most of the wounded we found in shell holes, I found 3 chums in 1 hole all unable to move but cuddled together and it was a hard job to persuade one to leave alone, they decided that age should settle it and the youngest left first. The look of amazement and relief on the poor devils faces when they saw us peering over the shell hole was good to see. One boy could not believe it and asked me amid sobs if he was dreaming. I am glad to be able to write and say that we got all our wounded in. The dead we could do nothing for, as time would not permit I covered over a few of the most hideous cases and returned to the line sick, sad and very fatigued. Wounded were trooping out of all the trenches like the crowd from a football match. The trenches were appallingly blocked here and there with dead men and one could not help but walk over them. Passing along Young St. I came along a tableau of 3 of my chums, 1 standing, 1 sitting (headless) and the other lying, all 3 had been hit by the same shell. In the dusk in Yiddish St. I stumbled over something and bending down to my horror found it was a mans head, so as to save some other chaps a similar shock I tried to pick up the offending napper but found that it was rigid as the whole body was beneath the ground and it remained there the whole night and part of the next day. In Yellow St. I was clutched at and caught by a hand protruding from the side of the trench, all that was visible was a hand and arm, the sleeve showed it to be an officer (1st Lt) of the L.R.B.'s There are many other frightful scenes that go to make up this nightmare, but I will refrain from writing more about them. The remnant of our boys hung on to our sector of trenches all night and have had no sleep for 3 days and nights. We were all knocked to the world when the Kensingtons relieved us at 5 pm. We straggled in penny numbers to Sailley, a small village in the rear of the line and disappeared into cellars hoping for a nights rest. Ere many minutes however over came heaps of big shells both gas and tear. Some pierced the dugouts others hit the church and houses. Several of us crawled out intent on rescue work. I was making for a heap of ruins that had been a house when the doctor grabbed me and insisted on me going to bed. I tried to sleep, but the shells kept coming round with a whizz and crump. Every moment, I expected one to drop through my house (a tin roofed hut). I shall always remember this night, I completely broke down.

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 23:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1st Anniversary of the Somme 1st July 1917

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 23:21    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Percy Allsup's Diary

July 1st [1917] - Anniversary of our first Attack. Parade 9.0AM. Arms Drills. Afternoon Sports.

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 23:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

World War 1: American Soldier's Letters Home

PAUL WILLIAM HILLS - Born August 4, 1894 in Auburn, New York to William and Alice Beardsley Woodruff Hills. Younger brother Carroll Beardsley Hills and younger sister Mary Day Hills. Educated at St. Paul's School, Concord, New Hampshire and Princeton University, class of 1917

Letter written July 1, 1918

Dear Mother-:

I have quite a little time just now with nothing to do but as luck will have it nothing at all to write to you about. Every single thing that I know about is exactly the same as it has been for the last two months and as you can well imagine, being here as long as we have, the monotony is getting to be rather dreadful.

I am sending you a photograph which a passing Frenchman took of the officers of the unit about a week ago. I am, if you are unable to recognize me, occupying the lower right corner, the facial expression being caused by the bright sun and not permanently put on by the horrors of war. Thank you very much for writing Jared (Ingersoll, an old friend from school and college –Ed.) for me. I received a letter from him a long time ago and answered it but that was the last. Have also had a couple of letters from Hunt Talmage, who is frantic because he went home and since that time he has been able neither to get into any sort of work on account of his eyes nor get back to France, having no excuse for coming. Adding worse to worse, his lady love is on this side which makes it very annoying from his point of view.

My work is still as it has been, going out at night with a convoy of trucks and delivering ammunition to the batteries, but now since things have quieted down a little we only go out about every two nights and in the rest of the time I censor letters of the company, of which since they are not too busy or tired there is a vast number. That does not sound hard but actually it is the most disagreeable task I have. First it is a perfectly horrible bore. Nine tenths of them say exactly the same thing, with varying mistakes of grammar. The other tenth vary from one or two actually clever ones, to all the tongues of Babel. More than that it takes just about three hours per day. (And he was also responsible for censoring his own letters. -.Ed)

The eternal Reg Windham (an acquaintance of Paul Hills and his family from before military service who coincidentally served with Paul in almost every unit, from the ambulance service to the same field artillery unit -.Ed) left yesterday on some sort of detached duty but things have happened so that I have turned up with him so much that it won’t be long, I am sure, before we both meet unexpectedly on the same work at some very out- of-the-way place.

This is about all there is now so good bye

With love

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 23:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Military Writings of Leon Trotsky


July 1, 1918

Notwithstanding the direct protest made by the People’s Commissariat for Foreign Affairs, foreign troops have landed at Murmansk. I have been instructed by the Council of People’s Commissars to take the necessary measures to protect the White Sea coast from the aggression by foreign imperialists. In fulfillment of this task entrusted to me, I declare:

1.Any aid whatsoever, direct or indirect, given to the foreign force which is intruding into the Soviet Republic will be regarded as treason to the state, punishable by martial law.
2.The movement of prisoners-of-war towards Murmansk or Archangel, either as groups, whether armed or unarmed, or as individuals, is unconditionally forbidden. Any breach of this prohibition will be punished by martial law.
3.No-one, whether Russian or foreigner, can go to the White Sea coast without the permission of the military commissar of the nearest district. Travelers approaching the coast without this permission will be liable to instant arrest.

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Jun 2010 23:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

WW1: Experiences of an English Soldier
This blog is made up of transcripts of Harry Lamin's letters from the first World War.

Letters to Kate and Jack, 1st July 1919

32507/ 9th Y+L
attach /Royal Munsters Fusiliers
A.P.O. Box R, L 1
I.E.F Italy
July 1
Dear Kate
Just a few lines to let you know that I am alright and in good health I dont think I shall get leave yet a while well I am sure not, there are so many men with 18 months without a leave, I expect one before Christmas anyway now that peace is signed I hope it will not be long before we are all at home. I am still doing officers servant and cooking and we are still sleeping in the open field so we get plenty of fresh air night and day. I am pleased to hear that they are all going on alright at home, and I should like to know if Connie can walk yet she will soon have been their a year now it is a long time. I am glad to hear that Willie is keeping well and all at home. I hope Annie will be alright when married well I think she will be. Write as often as you can and let me know all the news and if you hear anything about demob in the papers. Jack as wrote to the office out hear about leave and a told him in my last letter not to do so as it was no use to write hear at all. I have never got the papers you were going to send and yesterday I got two of your letters together. Write as often as you can and let me know all the news and when Annie is getting married.
With Best Love
P.S I would be very pleased if you could send me a few cheap handkercheifs as I have not got any at all and also a tin of Pomard.

32507/9th Y+L
attached Royal Munster Fusiliers
A.P.O. Box R. L.1
I.E.F, Italy
July 1
Dear Jack
Just a line to let you know that I am alright and keeping in good health. The officer here as just had a letter from you asking him about leave, as I told you in my letter it is not a bit of good writing here as there is so many men with 18 months in without leave dont write here again whatever you do for I shall be surprised if I hear anything about leave for another four months at least anyway now peace is signed. I hope we shall all be home for good before long. I am still doing officers servant and cooking for him but I dont know how long it will last, I think I have kept the job. well I think I told you in my last letter that about a dozen of us were sleeping in a field in the open so we have plenty of fresh air night and day we have been out now for about five or six weeks. Do you think you will be able to get home for Annies wedding, I hope she will be alright I hope you enough (enjoy?) yourselves in the country it will be a nice change for both of you. Write as often as you can and let me know how you are getting on and if you see anything about Demob in the papers its about time they started about it. Is it true that these are are thousands listing every week in England again. I have had a letter from home and I am pleased to say that they are all getting on well could you allow Ethel 10/- a month of the money and begin the first week in July if so let me know. I will write again soon
With Best Love to you Both

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Jul 2011 16:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The bombardment began again early & became more intense. At 7.20am the mine under Hawthorn Redoubt went up. As this mine contained 20 tons of ammonal (4 times larger than any single mine we have put up during the war) everyone cleared out of our dugouts in that part of the line. It made quite a good show, masses of earth going up in the air. The crater was immediately rushed by a party of 86th brigade.

War Diary Entry: July 1st 1916

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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jun 2012 20:57    Onderwerp: War Diary of the Accrington Pals Reageer met quote

1st July (1916)

The assembly trenches for the attack on Serre extended from MARK COPSE to MATTHEW COPSE inclusive with the 12th Battn. York & Lancaster Regt. on the left and the 93rd Brigade on the right. The 13th and 14th Battns. York and Lancaster Regt. were in support of the 11th E. Lancs. Regt. & 12th York & Lancs. Regt. The battalion was ordered to go forward in 4 waves accompanied by details from the 94th Machine Gun Company and the 12th Battn. K.O.Y.L.I. (Pioneers), the hour for attack being 7.30 a.m.
When the infantry advanced, heavy rifle and machine gun fire was opened from in front and enfilade from the direction of the POINT and GOMMECOURT WOOD. A heavy artillery barrage was also placed on our front line trenches. From information brought back by wounded it appears that only a few reached the enemy front line and were able to enter their trenches owing to the intensity of the Machine Gun and rifle fire. Small parties penetrated as far as the German fourth line, but were not heard of again1. During the day the unwounded men who returned were utilised to occupy our front line trenches.
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