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Lieutenant Otto Weddigen, Commander of the U-9

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2006 13:24    Onderwerp: Lieutenant Otto Weddigen, Commander of the U-9 Reageer met quote

22 September 1914
Lieut. Otto Weddigen's Account
of the U-9 Submarine Attack

The First Submarine Blow is Struck, By Lieutenant Otto Weddigen, Commander of the U-9

It was ten minutes after 6 on the morning of last Tuesday when I caught sight of one of the big cruisers of the enemy. I was then eighteen sea miles northwest of the Hook of Holland. I had then traveled considerably more than 200 miles from my base. My boat was one of an old type, but she had been built on honor, and she was behaving beautifully. I had been going ahead partly submerged, with about five feet of my periscope showing. Almost immediately I caught sight of the first cruiser and two others. I submerged completely and laid my course so as to bring up in the center of the trio, which held a sort of triangular formation. I could see their gray-black sides riding high over the water.

When I first sighted them they were near enough for torpedo work, but I wanted to make my aim sure, so I went down and in on them. I had taken the position of the three ships before submerging, and I succeeded in getting another flash through my periscope before I began action. I soon reached what I regarded as a good shooting point.

Then I loosed one of my torpedoes at the middle ship. I was then about twelve feet under water, and got the shot off in good shape, my men handling the boat as if she had been a skiff. I climbed to the surface to get a sight through my tube of the effect, and discovered that the shot had gone straight and true, striking the ship, which I later learned was the Aboukir, under one of her magazines, which in exploding helped the torpedo's work of destruction.

There were a fountain of water, a burst of smoke, a flash of fire, and part of the cruiser rose in the air. Then I heard a roar and felt reverberations sent through the water by the detonation. She had been broken apart, and sank in a few minutes. The Aboukir had been stricken in a vital spot and by an unseen force; that made the blow all the greater.

Her crew were brave, and even with death staring them in the face kept to their posts, ready to handle their useless guns, for I submerged at once. But I had stayed on top long enough to see the other cruisers, which I learned were the Cressy and the Hogue turn and steam full speed to their dying sister, whose plight they could not understand, unless it had been due to an accident.

The ships came on a mission of inquiry and rescue, for many of the Aboukir's crew were now in the water, the order having been given, "Each man for himself."

But soon the other two English cruisers learned what had brought about the destruction so suddenly.

As I reached my torpedo depth I sent a second charge at the nearest of the oncoming vessels. which was the Hogue. The English were playing my game, for I had scarcely to move out of my position, which was a great aid, since it helped to keep me from detection.

On board my little boat the spirit of the German Navy was to be seen in its best form. With enthusiasm every man held himself in check and gave attention to the work in hand.

The attack on the Hogue went true. But this time I did not have the advantageous aid of having the torpedo detonate under the magazine, so for twenty minutes the "Hogue lay wounded and helpless on the surface before she heaved, half turned over and sank.

But this time, the third cruiser knew of course that the enemy was upon her and she sought as best she could to defend herself. She loosed her torpedo defense batteries on boats, starboard and port, and stood her ground as if more anxious to help the many sailors who we re in the water than to save herself. In common with the method of defending herself against a submarine attack, she steamed in a zigzag course, and this made it necessary for me to hold my torpedoes until I could lay a true course for them, which also made it necessary for me to get nearer to the "Cressy." I had come to the surface for a view and saw how wildly the fire was being sent from the ship. Small wonder that was when they did not know where to shoot, although one shot went unpleasantly near us.

When I got within suitable range I sent away my third attack. This time I sent a second torpedo after the first to make the strike doubly certain. My crew were aiming like sharpshooters and both torpedoes went to their bull's-eye. My luck was with me again, for the enemy was made useless and at once began sinking by her head. Then she careened far over, but all the while her men stayed at the guns looking for their invisible foe. They were brave and true to their country's sea traditions. Then she eventually suffered a boiler explosion and completely turned turtle. With her keel uppermost she floated until the air got out from under her and then she sank with a loud sound, as if from a creature in pain.

The whole affair had taken less than one hour from the time of shooting off the first torpedo until the Cressy went to the bottom. Not one of the three had been able to use any of its big guns. I knew the wireless of the three cruisers had been calling for aid. I was still quite able to defend myself, but I knew that news of the disaster would call many English submarines and torpedo boat destroyers, so, having done my appointed work, I set my course for home.

My surmise was right, for before I got very far some British cruisers and destroyers were on the spot, ant the destroyers took up the chase. I kept under water most of the way, but managed to get off a wireless to the German fleet that I was heading homeward and being pursued. I hoped to entice the enemy, by allowing them now and then a glimpse of me, into the zone in which they might be exposed to capture or destruction by German warships, but, although their destroyers saw me plainly at dusk on the 22d and made a final effort to stop me, they abandoned the attempt, as it was taking them too far from safety and needlessly exposing them to attack from our fleet and submarines.


How much they feared our submarines and how wide was the agitation caused by good little U-9 is shown by the English reports that a whole flotilla of German submarines had attacked the cruisers and that this flotilla had approached under cover of the flag of Holland.

These reports were absolutely untrue. U-9 was the only submarine on deck, and she flew the flag she still flies -- the German naval ensign.... The Kaiser conferred upon each of my coworkers the Iron Cross of the second class and upon me the Iron Cross of the first and second classes.

http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/1914/u-9.html
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Woonplaats: Jabbeke, Flanders - Home of the Marine Jagdgeschwader in WW I

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2006 18:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Zie ook hier :

http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?t=3998&start=0
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2006 18:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Ik ben opeens helemaal into zeeoorlog en dat is jouw schuld regulus!
Cool
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2006 19:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Ik weet van niets, helemaal van niets... onschuld
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2006 19:54    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

http://www.tonbiesemaat.nl/content/portfolio/120800.html

Nog een Nederlandse versie...



Der Otto zelf...

Hij opereerde in voorjaar 1915 een paar keer vanuit Oostende en op 10 maart verliet hij de havenstad voor zijn laatste tocht. Acht dagen later werd het schip het slachtoffer van de HMS Dreadnought en er waren geen overlevenden...
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2006 19:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Op 10 maart 1915 schrijft hij:
Gleich um 9 Uhr soll es nun wirklich losgehen.
Ich will mit jetzt erst den Orden "Pour le Mérite"wirklich verdienen...

Uit:
U-Boote am Feind van v Langsdorff uit 1937
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Laatst aangepast door Yvonne op 10 Mei 2006 20:55, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2006 20:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Moet die ook nog ergens liggen hebben, lang geleden dat ik die nog eens las !
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BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Mei 2008 8:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Weddigen, Otto. Born, September 15, 1882 Herford, Died March 18, 1915, Pentland Firth/North Sea.

Weddigen entered the Navy in 1901 and was from 1906 to 1907 stationed in Tsingtau. On September 15, 1910 he became commander of an U-boat and in October 1911 he took over the command of U9. His famous military exploit as U9's commander was the sending to the bottom of sea the British cruisers Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue (each 12.000 G.R.T.) on September 22, 1914 in the south of the North Sea, for which he was awarded the Pour le Mérite. On October 15, 1914, Weddigen's U9 destroyed the British cruiser Hawke (7.350 G.R.T.) and in February 1915 he destroyed 4 merchant ships (totalling 12.934 G.R.T.), while in command of U29. Returning from the attack on the British battle-fleet near the Orkneys, U29 was rammed by the Dreadnought and sank with the whole crew (March 18, 1915). Weddigen was one of the best known German naval heroes.

See:
Eggstein, Rudolf, Seeheld Otto Weddigen dem deutschen Volke und seinem Heere dargestellt, Leipzig: Schloessmann, 1915.

Pemsel, Helmut, Biographisches Lexikon zur Seekriegsgeschichte. Seehelden von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart, Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe, 1985.

Unser Seeheld Weddigen. Sein Leben und seine Taten dem deutschen Volke erzählt, Berlin: Scherl, 1915.

© http://www.gwpda.org/bio/w/wedding.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Dec 2008 22:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote



De bemanning van de U9
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BerichtGeplaatst: 15 Aug 2010 11:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Zie ook:
http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?t=22992
3 Massagraven voor de nederlandse kust. 22 september 1914
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Okt 2010 22:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

(b. Sept. 15, 1882, Herford, Westphalia, Ger.—d. March 18, 1915, at sea off the Moray Firth, Scot.)
Otto Weddigen’s feat of sinking three British armoured cruisers in about an hour, during the second month of World War I, has made him one of the most famous of German submarine commanders.
Weddigen entered the German navy in 1901 and participated from the beginning in the development of the U-boat force, which he led by the beginning of the war in August 1914. Off the Dutch coast on Sept. 22, 1914, Weddigen’s U-9 torpedoed first the Aboukir and then, when they stopped to rescue survivors, the Hogue and the Cressy, with a combined loss of 1,400 men. On Oct. 15, 1914, the U-9 also sank the cruiser Hawke off Scotland, costing the British 500 more lives. Afterward, Weddigen commanded a more modern submarine, the U-29, which was lost with all hands, including Weddigen, when it was rammed by the British battleship Dreadnought off the Moray Firth, Scotland, in March 1915.



http://shermyjllore.blogspot.com/2009_12_27_archive.html
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