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The war against the U-Boat ww1

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BerichtGeplaatst: 07 Okt 2007 23:29    Onderwerp: The war against the U-Boat ww1 Reageer met quote

October 6th, 2007 — critcalmass
“The United States Naval Air Force, Foreign Service, executed 30 attacks against enemy submarines, of which ten were considered to have been at least partially successful; it dropped 100 tons of high explosives on enemy objectives, and it had to its credit a total of 22,000 flights in the course of which it patrolled more than 800,000 nautical miles of submarine infested areas. In point of fact, it did immeasurably more than this, for these figures are very far from being a just or fair method of appraising the value of aircraft in naval warfare. I say this because almost always the damage inflicted by aircraft, when operating against surface craft, was of a contributory and indirect nature—the seaplane summoned destroyers to the scene of action and the submarine was destroyed’ describes what is meant by ‘indirect’ in this sense. The destroyers almost always got the credit, wherein the aircraft, the indirect destructive agency, was really responsible for bringing about the action in which the submarine was destroyed.”

So spake LCdr. W. Atlee Edwards, former aid for aviation on the staff of Admiral W. S. Sims, testifying before the Lampert Committee in 1925.

The primary role of Naval Aviation in WW I was antisubmarine warfare. The first recorded attack on an enemy submarine by a U.S. Naval Aviator was made by Ens. John F. McNamara on March 25, 1918, while serving at the Royal Navy Air Station, Portland, England. Although his attack was successful enough to warrant special commendations from the Secretary of the Navy and Adm. Sims, the later evaluation was “possibly damaged.”

The first attack from a U.S. Naval Air Station was from Ile Tudy, France, which, perhaps because of its location, had more antisubmarine action than any of our overseas stations. Two coastal convoys passed through its sector daily, one bound north, the other south. Around Penmarch Point, the water was deep near shore, free of reefs and sand bars and ideally suited to submarine operations. A majority of the “allos” received at Ile Tudy were from this area. .....

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