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18 juni

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2006 9:54    Onderwerp: 18 juni Reageer met quote

June 18

1915 French troops halt fighting in Artois region

After several weeks of heavy fighting, including savage hand-to-hand combat, with little success, French troops halt their attacks on the German trenches in the Artois region of France on June 18, 1915.

Artois, located in northern France between Picardy and Flanders, near the English Channel, was a strategically important battlefield during World War I and saw heavy fighting throughout the conflict. Over the course of 1915, the most significant Allied offensives on the Western Front all took place in Artois. On May 9, French and British troops launched a two-pronged offensive around Vimy Ridge and Aubers Ridge respectively. Known as the Second Battle of Artois, the French attack was modestly successful, though the Germans retreated to better lines while inflicting significant casualties. More importantly, the battle convinced French and British commanders alike that the key to breaking through the German lines was twofold: attacking with sufficient artillery along a broad front, and having supporting formations move in behind the lead troops to carry the attack beyond the front lines, enabling the breakthrough to happen in one swift thrust.

The French consequently began to build up a force of 900 heavy guns, over 1,000 field guns and 37 divisions for another major Artois offensive that fall. Meanwhile, fighting continued throughout May and into June, with the French opening up a diversionary assault on the Somme River, some 40 kilometers to the south, in an attempt to secure the village of Serre. In Artois, the town of Neuville St. Vaast finally fell to the French 5th Army on June 9. On June 16, hoping to press their advantage, the French launched further assaults on the German lines in Artois. Over the next 24 hours, French artillery fired over 300,000 shells around Neuville St. Vaast; the Germans still managed to outgun them, as the higher altitude of their lines allowed them to fire on French positions with greater ease. On June 18, the French command called off the battle in Artois, after many small advances and changes of control of territory, as well as some 18,000 French casualties.
www.historychannel.com
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2006 10:00    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

18 juli 1916
Der deutsche Heeresbericht:
Erfolge der Heeresgruppe Linsingen bei Kowel-Luck

Großes Hauptquartier, 18. Juni.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
An verschiedenen Stellen unserer Front zwischen der belgisch-französischen Grenze und der Somme herrschte lebhafte Artillerie- und Patrouillentätigkeit. Links der Maas fanden nachts Infanteriekämpfe um vorgeschobene Grabenstücke am Südhange des "Toten Mannes" statt. Rechts des Flusses scheiterte ein durch mehrstündiges Vorbereitungsfeuer eingeleiteter starker französischer Angriff vor den deutschen Stellungen im Thiaumontwalde. Ein vom Gegner genommener kleiner Graben vorderster Linie wurde nachts wieder gesäubert.
Der Fliegerangriff auf die militärischen Anlagen von Bar-le-Duc wurde wiederholt. Im Feuer unserer Abwehrgeschütze stürzte ein französischer Doppeldecker westlich von Lassigny ab und zerschellte. In der Gegend von Bezange-la-Grande (südlich von Chateau-Salins) schoß Leutnant Wintgens sein sechstes, Leutnant Höhndorf sein fünftes feindliches Flugzeug ab; die Insassen des einen sind tot geborgen. Am 16. Juni abends wurden die Trümmer eines im Luftkampf unterlegenen französischen Doppeldeckers nordöstlich des Hessen-Waldes brennend beobachtet.
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Bei der Heeresgruppe des Generals v. Linsingen wurden am Styr beiderseits von Kolki russische Angriffe abgewiesen. Zwischen der Straße Kowel-Luck und dem Turya - Abschnitt nahmen unsere Truppen in erfolgreichen Kämpfen den Russen an Gefangenen 11 Offiziere, 3446 Mann, an Beute 1 Geschütz, 10 Maschinengewehre ab. Bei der Armee des Generals Grafen v. Bothmer brachen feindliche Angriffe nördlich von Przewloka bereits im Sperrfeuer blutig zusammen
Balkankriegsschauplatz:
Die Lage ist unverändert.

Oberste Heeresleitung. 1)


Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Czernowitz geräumt

Wien, 18. Juni.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
Russischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Gestern mußte die Besatzung der dritten Schanze von Czernowitz vor dem konzentrischen Geschützfeuer eines weit überlegenen Feindes zurückgenommen werden. In der Nacht erzwang sich der Gegner an mehreren Punkten den Übergang über den Pruth und drang in Czernowitz ein. Unsere Truppen räumten die Stadt. In Ostgalizien ist die Lage unverändert.
Westlich von Wisniowczk an der Strypa wurden russische Angriffe durch Artilleriefeuer vereitelt.
In Wolhynien haben unsere Truppen nördlich der Lipa nördlich von Gorochow und bei Lokaczy Raum gewonnen und russische Gegenangriffe abgewiesen. Es blieben vorgestern und gestern 905 Gefangene und 3 Maschinengewehre in unserer Hand. Nördlich des Turya-Abschnittes brachten deutsche Streitkräfte in erfolgreichen Kämpfen 11 russische Offiziere, 3446 Mann, 1 Geschütz und 10 Maschinengewehre ein. Zwischen Sokul und Kolki wurden abermals starke russische Vorstöße zurückgeschlagen.
Italienischer Kriegsschauplatz:
An der Isonzofront schickten sich die Italiener wieder an mehreren Stellen, so gegen den Südteil des Monte San Michele und gegen unsere Höhenstellungen nördlich des Tolmeiner Brückenkopfes zum Vorgehen an. Dank unseres Geschützfeuers kam jedoch kein Angriff zur Entwickelung. In den Dolomiten ließ die feindliche Tätigkeit im allgemeinen nach. Nur der Monte San Cadin stand zeitweise unter sehr heftigem Artilleriefeuer, dem mehrere schwächliche, bald abgewiesene Angriffe folgten. Aus dem Raume von Primolano und gegen unsere Front südwestlich Asiago erneuerten die Italiener ihre Vorstöße; diese wurden wieder überall abgeschlagen.
Südöstlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Unverändert.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes
v. Hoefer, Feldmarschalleutnant. 1)


Unsere Erfolge in Wolhynien

Aus dem Felde, 18. Juni. (Priv.-Tel.)
Das Auftauchen der gefürchteten Pickelhauben hat den russischen Vormarsch im Westen von Luck rasch zum Stehen gebracht. Es haben sich lebhafte Angriffsgefechte der deutschen Truppen entwickelt, die uns schon recht schöne Erfolge gebracht haben. Im Raume zwischen Kolki und Sokal sind alle russischen Versuche, den Styrübergang zu erzwingen, blutig gescheitert. Gestern noch legten die Russen das Schwergewicht ihrer Anstrengungen in den Raum zwischen Sokal und der Bahnlinie Kowel-Luck, wo sie aus ihren Stellungen auf dem westlichen Styrufer heraus dem Mittellauf des Stochod zustrebten, um mit dem Überschreiten des Stochod nach Kowel zu Raum zu gewinnen und so die von Sokal über Kolki bis Czartorysk und weiterhin im Styrbogen festgehaltene Front der Verbündeten zu erschüttern. Die Russen haben zwischen der Bahn und Sokal ganz besonders starke blutige Verluste erlitten. Sie waren gerade beim Eingraben, als sie die deutsche Artillerie verheerend überraschte. Eine ganze Reihe von Vorstellungen fiel dort unserer vorgehenden Infanterie in die Hände. Beim Auftauchen der deutschen Truppen haben die Russen alsbald begonnen, sich fest einzugraben, so daß unsere vorgehenden Truppen überall auf rasch, aber mit dem reich vorhandenen Menschenmaterial doch verhältnismäßig gut ausgebaute Feldstellungen stoßen.
Obgleich das fast aprilmäßige Wetter die Wege im wolhynischen Sumpfgebiet stark zerweicht hat und dem Vormarsch wie dem Nachschub alle erdenklichen Schwierigkeiten bereitet, geht es voran. Die Stimmung unserer Leute ist siegesgewiß und glänzend wie immer. Zu einem größeren Erfolge führten starke Kämpfe gestern in der Nacht und heute früh südlich der Bahn Luck-Kowel am Oberlauf des Stochod bei Babie und Woronczyn, etwa 30 Kilometer nordwestlich von Luck. Dort stürmte unsere Infanterie nach Artillerievorbereitung die feindlichen Stellungen im Bajonettangriff. Die Russen büßten außer erheblichen blutigen Verlusten etwa 2000 Gefangene, ein Geschütz und einige Maschinengewehre ein. Der Kampf war erbittert, denn in diesem Raume kämpfte eine russische Schützendivision, die den Ehrennamen der "eisernen Division" führt.
Auch im Gefechtsabschnitt südlich von Woronczyn sind wir in günstigem Vorgehen.

Dr. Fritz Wertheimer. 2)


Generaloberst von Moltke tot


Generaloberst v. Moltke

Berlin, 18. Juni. (Priv.-Tel.)
Während der vom Deutsch-asiatischen Verein in der Wandelhalle des Reichstages heute mittag veranstalteten Trauerfeier für den Feldmarschall Freiherrn von der Goltz, der ein zahlreiches Publikum, darunter die Spitzen unserer Staats- und Reichsbehörden, beiwohnten, ist Generaloberst v. Moltke, der Chef des stellvertretenden Generalstabs, an einem Schlaganfall gestorben. Zu Beginn der Trauerfeier hatten verschiedene Redner gesprochen und dann ergriff, obgleich er nicht auf dem Programm stand, der Generaloberst das Wort und sprach improvisiert, damit auch ein Soldat über den Soldaten spreche, sehr frisch und warm empfundene Worte auf den verstorbenen Feldmarschall, der ihm ein treuer Freund gewesen sei. Bald darauf, als sich Moltke auf seinen Platz gesetzt hatte, entstand Unruhe im Saal. Er hatte einen Schlaganfall erlitten, und die Versammlung wurde kurz abgebrochen. 2)


Die Pariser Wirtschaftskonferenz

Paris, 18. Juni. (Priv.-Tel.)
Havas meldet:
Die Wirtschaftskonferenz der Alliierten hat ihre Arbeiten beendet. Eine Reihe von Resolutionen wurde einstimmig angenommen. Die Konferenz beschloß, diese Beschlüsse am Morgen des 21. Juni in den verschiedenen alliierten Ländern unverkürzt zu veröffentlichen. Vor dem Schluß der Arbeiten erklärte de Broqueville, daß die innige Zusammenarbeit der Alliierten den Beginn einer Ära kennzeichne, durch die die Nationen, die heute litten, morgen die Früchte ernten würden. Die Konferenz habe für die Friedenszeit keine kriegerische Verbindung geschaffen, sondern eine Gruppierung zur Verteidigung, indem sie eine wohltätige vorbeugende Verbindung gegen den Krieg ins Leben gerufen habe. De Broqueville schloß, indem er Frankreich dankte und Poincare und Clementel pries. Clementel habe mit viel Takt und Mäßigung die Diskussionen geleitet, so daß die Konferenz den Wunsch ausspreche, er möge immer an ihrer Spitze stehen. Die Führer der verschiedenen Delegationen schlossen sich den Worten de Broquevilles an. Zum Schluß der Konferenz empfing Poincare die Delegierten im Elysee und beglückwünschte sie zu dem guten Ausgang ihrer Arbeiten.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 19 Jun 2010 9:25    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Events in the Gallipoli Campaign

18 June 1915 - At MEF Headquarters on Imbros island, Sir Ian Hamilton and his staff celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Waterloo with a special dinner of crayfish.

http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/5environment/timelines/100-events-gallipoli-campaign/june-july-1915.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 19 Jun 2010 14:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Action of 18 June 1918

The Action of 18 June 1918 was a German Navy attack on two allied ships near Bermuda in the Atlantic Ocean during World War I. A German U-boat sank an allied merchant vessel but failed to destroy an American warship which came to the merchantman's aid.

Bezoek voor details http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Action_of_18_June_1918
Zie ook https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=75gQ7j0y0T0
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Jun 2011 21:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Brusilov Offensive

Battle
On June 8, forces of the Southwestern Front took Lutsk. The Austrian commander, Archduke Josef Ferdinand, barely managed to escape the city before the Russians entered, a testament to the speed of the Russian advance. By now the Austrians were in full retreat and the Russians had taken over 200,000 prisoners. Brusilov's forces were becoming overextended and he made it clear that further success of the operation depended on Evert launching his part of the offensive. Evert, however, continued to delay, which gave the German high command time to send reinforcements to the Eastern Front.
In a meeting held on the same day Lutsk fell, German Chief of Staff Erich von Falkenhayn persuaded his Austrian counterpart Franz Conrad von Hx¶tzendorf to pull troops away from the Italian Front to counter the Russians in Galicia. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg, Germany's commander in the East (Oberkommando-Ost), was again able to capitalize on good railroads to bring German reinforcements to the front.


At last on June 18, a weak and poorly prepared offensive commenced under Evert. On July 24, Alexander von Linsingen counterattacked the Russians south of Kovel and temporarily checked the Russians. On July 28 Brusilov resumed his own offensive, and although his armies were short on supplies he reached the Carpathian Mountains by September 20. The Russian high command started transferring troops from Evert's front to reinforce Brusilov, a transfer Brusilov strongly opposed because more troops only served to clutter Brusilov's front. All forces involved were reaching exhaustion and the offensive finally died down in late September and ended as Russian troops had to be transferred to help Romania, which was being overrun by Austro-Hungarian, German and Bulgarian forces.

Lees verder:
http://www.livingwarbirds.com/brusilov-offensive.php
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2013 10:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of Waterloo

The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815 near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. An Imperial French army under the command of Emperor Napoleon was defeated by the armies of the Seventh Coalition, comprising an Anglo-Allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington combined with a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard von Blücher. It was the culminating battle of the Waterloo Campaign and Napoleon's last. The defeat at Waterloo ended his rule as Emperor of the French, marking the end of his Hundred Days return from exile.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Waterloo

1915: On the hundredth anniversary of the victory at Waterloo, Australian engineers working under enemy fire completed Watson's Pier at Gallipoli Cove. To mark the occasion, they held a dinner that night at the pier-head. Since that occasion the Royal Australian Engineers have held an annual Waterloo Dinner.

http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=165108
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2013 10:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Max Immelmann

Max Immelmann (21 September 1890 – 18 June 1916) PLM was the first German World War I flying ace. He was a great pioneer in fighter aviation and is often mistakenly credited with the first aerial victory using a synchronized gun. He was the first aviator to win the Pour le Merite, and was awarded it at the same time as Oswald Boelcke. His name has become attached to a common flying tactic, the Immelmann turn, and remains a byword in aviation. He is credited with 15 aerial victories.

Lees verder op http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Immelmann
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2013 10:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Newton Baker on Military Operations in Mexico, 18 June 1916

From March-June 1916 the United States mounted an armed expedition to Mexico to quell raids initiated by prominent Mexican leader Pancho Villa into the U.S.

Allegedly sponsored by the German government Villa launched a raid into the State of Chihuahua on 11 January 1916, capturing and killing 19 U.S. citizens. This was followed on 9 March with a raid upon Columbus in New Mexico, killing 11 citizens.

Following U.S. protests Mexico's President Venustiano Carranza undertook to deal with Villa but insisted that the U.S. not interfere. However with the U.S. rapidly losing patience with Carranza, General Frederick Funston - U.S. commander along the border - was ordered to despatch an armed U.S. column into Mexico in pursuit of Villa (to be taken dead or alive). To that end Funston placed General John Pershing in command of the expedition.

Pershing led 4,000 U.S. troops into Mexico on 15 March 1916, remaining there until early 1917. On 29 March 1916 a U.S. force of 400 men defeated a larger number of Villa's followers. Nevertheless U.S. troops remained to mop up the remnants of Villa's supporters; these troops increasingly came into contact - and armed conflict - with official Mexican troops sent by President Carranza to deal with Villa, the first of which took place on 12 April 1916.

Increasing clashes led to a very real threat of war between the U.S. and Mexico; on 18 June 1916 U.S. President Woodrow Wilson called out the National Guard to deal with the Mexican problem. As these were gathering along the Mexican border President Carranza backed down, releasing a group of captured U.S. troops and despatching a note of apology on 4 July 1916, in which he suggested convening a conference to prevent future issues.

Reproduced below is U.S. Secretary of War Newton Baker's statement on the calling up of the National Guard on 18 June 1916.

Proclamation of June 18th, the Calling of the National Guard by Newton Baker

In view of the disturbed conditions on the Mexican border, and in order to assure complete protection for all Americans, the President has called out substantially all the State militia, and will send them to the border wherever and as fully as General Funston determines them to be needed for the purpose stated.

If all are not needed an effort will be made to relieve those on duty there from time to time so as to distribute the duty.

This call for militia is wholly unrelated to General Pershing's expedition, and contemplates no additional entry into Mexico, except as may be necessary to pursue bandits who attempt outrages on American soil.

The militia are being called out so as to leave some troops in the several States. They will be mobilized at their home stations, where necessary recruiting can be done.

Source: Source Records of the Great War, Vol. IV, ed. Charles F. Horne, National Alumni 1923, via http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/mexico_baker.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2013 10:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letters From The Bowes Brothers – June 18, 1916 Camp Hughes, Manitoba

Dear Mother,

Well Musie, here it’s Sunday and a most beautiful day at that. Fred got a letter from you today. At least I am sure it was your writing on the envelope. I trust that you and all the rest are well. Fred and I are both well and having as good a time as could be expected.

I wrote to Dad, Cliff and Elliott yesterday morning. It started to rain early in the morning and we didn’t go on parade until 11 a.m. as Saturday afternoon is a half holiday in the camp, we didn’t have long on parade. Was at church this morning along with the rest of the battalion.

Bill King got a month’s cookhouse fatigue for disobeying some order. Keep it quiet though as no doubt his mother would hate to hear of it. Fred is behaving just fine. He has quit fooling in the ranks and consequently his fatigue duties are somewhat reduced.

There is quite a bunch in camp today from outside points but so far haven’t seen anyone from Boissevain.

Haven’t seen a drunk in camp since I have been here. It sure is a blessing that the canteen is dry.

Have you had any word from Cliff since you last wrote? If so, how is he?

We have a big inspection here on June 30th by H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught. Everyone must be present so cannot be home July 1st.

Must close, dearest Mum, as news is rather scarce. Will write again soon. Don’t worry, Mother, Fred and I are O.K.

As ever, your loving son,

James

http://legionmagazine.com/en/index.php/2013/02/letters-from-the-bowes-brothers-june-18-1916-camp-hughes-manitoba/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2013 11:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Kivell family - "Ralphs Diaries"

17th June 1916 Very first real gas attack and it was a beauty. Had just gone to bed and fell asleep when the sentry on guard woke me up and gave me the message. Didn't need any messages the smell was quite enough. Roused everybody up and managed to get 3 glorious whiffs of the blankey stuff. Coughed and spluttered a bit but got my helmet on before it done me any harm. Several of our chaps got slightly gassed, but nothing serious. The gas was quite visible just like a thick morning mist and white in colour. Passed off after about an hour. Gave them as good as they gave us. For every cubic foot of gas they sent over we gave them 1 H.E. so I think someone would be sorry. Our QMS hit today. Stopped a shrapnel bullet in the head from an anti-aircraft gun. Nothing serious. Busy straightening the W.L. all day. Chas came down to dinner tonight. I've got a lovely billet here. Almost resembles the old flat at Lunit Bay. Wrote Annie.

18th June 1916 Sunday again. All the morning. Jove there's some toll to be done to. This Flanders mud is about the most loveable stuff I've yet struck. Sundry artillery duels the order of the day and aircraft fairly busy. Gave the boys and all a days spell they don't half warrant it either

http://www.thekivellfamily.co.nz/family_pages/ralphs_diaries/monthly/04_june_16.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2013 11:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Sergeant Arthur James Stevenson

18 June, 1916: Sent the following post card to his wife.

Mrs J. Arthur Stevenson
138 West Francis St
West Fort William
Ont
June 18 1916
Dear Lila
This is a view of last summer camp. They are going to take some of this camp but I don’t know where. I am going to send Maude one today. So I will bid you good by byby
from Art XXXX

http://www.94thbattalioncef.ca/biography.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2013 11:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Sunday 18th June, 1916

Sat up writing till 12 midnight, only four patients a bit off colour. Artillery fire does not sound so heavy tonight. Up again 5.30 a.m. Sound of guns in direction Ypres heavier this morning. General leave from midday till 9 p.m. Six of us went to Hazebrouk though it is out of bounds, had good look around, old place and very quiet. Majority of people in mourning. Had a good feed of chips and eggs, enjoyed it thoroughly. Saw a dirigible airship pass over town, could not see what kind, at a very great height. Returned back to camp at 8.30 p.m. and went on duty.

http://www.anzacs.net/Anzac-Diaries/1916/June1916.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2013 11:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

This Day in Seabee History: 12th Regiment, 18 June 1917

On 18 June 1917, Lieutenant Norman M. Smith, CEC, USN, was appointed Public Works Officer at Great Lakes. At this time, about 100 enlisted men already were assigned to the Public Works Department. This core group of construction men were the impetus behind the later creation of the Seabees and the Naval Construction Force.

Lees verder!

https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.10151738482540260.479670.151976695259&type=3
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2013 11:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

A collection of letters from Pte Dick Armer to his wife Mabel

Brief... http://dearoldgirl.blogspot.nl/2012/06/18-june-1917-brick-thown-at-my-head.html
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2013 11:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Street demonstration, Petrograd, 18 June 1917.

The banner in the foreground reads "Down With The 10 Capitalist Ministers/ All Power To The Soviets Of Workers', Soldiers', And Peasants' Deputies/ And To The Socialist Ministers/ [We Demand That Nicholas II Be Transfered To The Peter-Paul Fortress."

Foto... http://www.nevsky88.com/saintpetersburg/revolution/

Political demonstration at Petrograd, 18th June 1917

This postcard shows a demonstration on the Nevsky Prospect, at Petrograd. The title reads "Political demonstration of the 18th of June, 1917, at Petrograd".
This street demonstration took place in a tense political climate, with a coalition government challenged by the Bolshevik movement. At the opening of the first Congress of Soviets on the 16th of June, 1917, Lenin claimed “All power to the soviets” and declared that the Bolshevik Party was ready to assume power.
At the same time, Alexander Kerensky, Minister of War, launched a vast Russian offensive against Austro-Hungarian forces, followed by defeats. While anti-war protest grew, the Congress of the Soviets – then still dominated by the Mensheviks – organized a demonstration in Petrograd, for the 18th of June, in order to support the coalition government. However, the demonstration turned out to the advantage of the Bolsheviks, with protesters chanting Bolshevik slogans.
This event marked the first advantage of the Bolsheviks and a decisive break between the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks. This event was followed by the riots of the July Days in Petrograd.
The left banner reads “All Power to the People - Peace to the Whole World - All Land to the People” and the right banner reads: “Down with the minister-capitalists”; these were Bolshevik slogans.
Unknown photographer.

Foto... https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Political_demonstration_at_Petrograd,_18th_June_1917_(14264213940).jpg

Soldiers at the political demonstration in Petrograd on 18 June 1917

Foto... https://www.fontanka.co.uk/eighteenthtotwentyfourthjune
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 7:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

HANSARD → 18 June 1918 → Commons Sitting

MADSEN GUN.

General CROFT asked whether specimens of the Madsen gun have been sent to General Headquarters, France, for trial; and whether he can state that the immediate manufacture of this weapon will be proceeded with?

Mr. MACPHERSON A representative of General Headquarters, France, was present at the recent trial, the report of which has been sent to General Headquarters for observations. I am not at present in a position to make any statement.

General Sir IVOR PHILIPPS Was the officer who came from France a machine-gun expert or was he only a military expert?

Mr. MACPHERSON He was a very distinguished general.

Sir I. PHILIPPS Had he any experience of machine-gun manufacture and of its use in the field?

Mr. MACPHERSON I think every distinguished general in the field has had a great many opportunities of watching the effect of machine guns, and of knowing how they are used.

frustrations https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1918/jun/18/madsen-gun
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 7:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Soldiers’ Letters: June 1918

Author: World War One Thunder Bay Centennial Project
The Fort William Daily Times Journal and the Port Arthur Daily News respectfully solicited letters from soldiers at the front – or extracts therefrom – during the First World War. Any reader who had a letter from a relative or friend with the British, French or Russian forces was invited to submit said letter for publication to the community.

Richards, Harry (Pte) – June 18 1918: https://tbayworldwarone.files.wordpress.com/2018/06/panc-june-18-1918-richards.jpg

https://tbayworldwarone.com/2018/06/01/soldiers-letters-june-1918/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 7:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Henry Augustus Kirby - 18 June 1917 - Oundle School

Henry Augustus Kirby was born in the village of Glapthorn in June 1878 and came up to Laxton School in January 1889. Three years later, he became a day boy at Oundle School. His parents paid the fees for his tuition at Oundle but he was not a boarder and continued to live at home. He left Oundle in December 1894, two years into Sanderson’s tenure as headmaster.

He played cricket and rugby for the day boys in House matches, was in the Modern Side of Oundle School and gained the Lower School Certificate in 1894 in Arithmetic and Geography. In July 1894 he was awarded prizes on Speech Day for science and drawing. On Sports Day he came 2nd in the High Jump.

By 1911, he was living at an address in Peterborough as a boarder and his occupation is described as a travelling corn merchant.

In the war he served as a rifleman in the Royal Irish Rifles and he was killed in action on 18th June 1917, having fought in the Battle of Messines Ridge, where the British took this important high ground, prior to launching the ill-fated Passchendaele Campaign.

At 39, he was one of the older Oundelians to be killed in the conflict. His body was never found and so he is now commemorated on the Menin Gate in Ypres.

https://www.oundleschool.org.uk/Henry-Augustus-Kirby-18-June-1917?returnUrl=/World-War-I-

John Raymond Boscawen Savage 18 June 1916 - Oundle School

2nd Lieutenant John Raymond Boscawen Savage was the son of a Lieutenant-Colonel. He came up to Oundle and New House from Winton House, Winchester at the age of 14 in September 1912. He left school in December 1914, at the age of 16 and passed into the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich in 1915. Later that year however, he decided to join the Royal Flying Corps, receiving his pilot’s certificate in October 1915 and his ‘wings’ the following February. Within weeks, he was in France.

On 18th June 1916, after a dog fight with the German air ace Max Immelmann, John Savage was seriously wounded and his machine crash-landed behind German lines. Meanwhile, he was immediately avenged when his squadron mate, 2nd Lieutenant G R McCubbin swooped down on Immelmann and shot him out of the sky. It was a great victory for the British as Immelmann was Germany’s leading air ace at the time, credited with 16 victories. Interestingly, the German authorities denied that Immelmann was shot down, claiming that his death was due to engine failure.

Aged just 17, John Savage died as a Prisoner of War in a German Hospital at Sallaumines near Lens. He was the second Oundelian to be killed by a German opponent who held the Pour Le Merite, Germany’s highest military decoration. The later destruction of the cemetery where he was laid to rest, meant that his body was re-interred in the military cemetery at Bully-Grenay near Bethune. John Savage’s Commanding Officer wrote: “Your son was a very gallant boy and I wish with all my heart that he was back with us.” The citation on the special memorial cross erected over his grave concludes: “Their Glory shall not be blotted out.”

https://www.oundleschool.org.uk/John-Raymond-Boscawen-Savage-18-June-1916?returnUrl=/World-War-memorials
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 7:42    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Birmingham Daily Gazette, Monday 18th June 1917: AUSTRALIAN SOLDIER’S WEDDING

One of the many Colonials in the city has found a Birmingham Bride, for Private E. J. Bell of the Australian military forces, and Miss Daisy May Warner, 58, Milner-road, Selly Park, Birmingham, were married at St Stephen’s Church, Selly Hill.

http://www.voicesofwarandpeace.org/2017/06/18/on-this-day-18-june-1917/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 7:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

One hundred years ago on 18 June 1917

31st Battery, Canadian Field Artillery, Canadian Expeditionary Force was a sub-unit of the 9th Canadian Field Artillery Brigade in the 3rd Canadian Division. The 9th Brigade war diary records:

Visibility poor. A very quiet day. Enemy Artillery inactive as usual. Our Batteries took on a number of enemy parties going overland with good results.

3rd Canadian Divisional Artillery war diary records:

Fort George – Visibility good. Considerable activity was noticed on both sides in the air and a great deal of Enemy movement was again reported. The day on the whole was quiet.
Ammunition Expended. A:1006. AX463. BX 878. BCBR 50. Guns in action. 62-8.pdrs. 15.4.5” Hows. 2” T.M.2


5th Canadian Siege Battery, Canadian Artillery, Canadian Expeditionary Force was a sub-unit of 1st Canadian Artillery Group. Their war diary records:

Fired 10 rounds registration on N31b27.90 and 40 rounds for effect on Trench Junction at N25c76.22 and 50 yards South. Ground observation, double line.

1st Canadian Heavy Artillery Group war diary records:

Cabaret Rouge – Quiet; nothing to report..

General Officer Commanding, Royal Artillery, Canadian Corps war diary records:

In the Field – Weather, fine and warm.
Moves of Units – 1 sectn. 50th Siege Bty. (6” Mk.7) marched to-day. (see Arty.Order 36).
Additional Artillery due to arrive in Canadian Corps area – Artillery Order No.38 issued.


http://www.vancouvergunners.ca/whats-new/100-years-ago-today-on-18-june-1917
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 7:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

James Leslie Turner - World War I postcard of London sent from Andover, 18 June 1917
Uit de collectie van de State Library of Western Australia

Voorkant: http://purl.slwa.wa.gov.au/slwa_b4240513_3
Achterkant: http://purl.slwa.wa.gov.au/slwa_b4240513_34
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 7:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

WO I: Demonstratie voor Algemeen Vrouwenkiesrecht op 18 juni 1916

Achttienduizend vrouwen en mannen gingen op 18 juni 1916 de straat op om te demonstreren voor het vrouwenkiesrecht. Vooraf was er al uitgebreid over bericht, om zoveel mogelijk mensen op de been te krijgen. Hoe oordeelde de dagbladpers toen over het streven naar vrouwenkiesrecht?

Het kiesrecht in Nederland - Tegenwoordig is het kiesrecht voor iedereen boven de achttien een vanzelfsprekende zaak. Toch is dit recht nog maar honderd jaar geleden verworven. Dat was voor mannen makkelijker gegaan dan voor vrouwen. Tot 1917 hadden alleen mannen met een bepaald inkomen stemrecht. Dat kwam neer op ongeveer 30.7% van de bevolking. De vrouwen stonden buitenspel. Toen Aletta Jacobs zich verkiesbaar wilde stellen, zei men: ‘Je hebt het al zo druk, waarom wil je deze verantwoordelijkheid er ook nog eens bij?’

Opkomst kiesrechtstrijd - Sinds eind achttiende eeuw waren groeperingen in de samenleving zich gaan inzetten voor de rechten van de burger. Die groeperingen streefden naar gelijkheid en emancipatie op religieus en politiek gebied. Het waren niet alleen mannen. Ook vrouwen realiseerden zich dat ze politieke macht moesten verkrijgen om misstanden in de samenleving aan te kunnen pakken. Vandaar het streven naar algemeen kiesrecht, voor mannen en vrouwen.

Verzuild Nederland - In het verzuilde Nederland hadden alle partijen hun eigen idee over het vrouwenkiesrecht. Ook de dagbladpers was verzuild: De Tijd was een katholieke krant, De Standaard bediende protestant Nederland, Het Volk kwam uit de socialistische hoek, het Algemeen Handelsblad had een liberale inslag. Die inslag beïnvloedde de berichtgeving.

Lees vooral verder op https://www.kb.nl/themas/geschiedenis-en-cultuur/nederland-tijdens-de-eerste-wereldoorlog/wo-i-demonstratie-voor-algemeen-vrouwenkiesrecht-op-18-juni-1916
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 7:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

William Ahern - Private 6045 - 1 Battalion Irish Guards - Killed in Action, 18 June, 1916.

It seems that Williams papers did not survive the Blitz in WW2, however, from the information that is available we know that he was born in the Mallow area of County Cork, and that he enlisted in Dublin.

His Medal Index Card further tells us that he landed in the France/Flanders Theatre of War on 15 May, 1915, and was Killed in Action on 18 June, 1916.

Rudyard Kipling’s book on the Irish Guards tells us that: 'On the 18th June officer patrols went out to look at the enemy’s wire. Second Lieutenant F. H. N. Lee was wounded in the leg while close to it, and was carried back by No. 3836 Corporal Redmond; dying later of gangrene. Another officer, Lieutenant Hon. P. Ogilvy, ran by mistake into wire on his return journey, and had to fight his way back with his orderly. One man was killed and one wounded, besides the wounded officer.'

Presumably, that one casualty was William, he is buried in Essex Farm Cemetery, Near Boezinge, Western Flanders, Belgium, and was entitled to the 1915 Star and the British War and Victory Medals.

In his Will, dated 1 June, 1915, William left the bulk of his estate to his Father, also William, who’s address he gave as: The Castle, Ballyclough, Mallow, Co. Cork. However, he also left £1.13s 4d to the widow of a Driver Jenkins, who had at some stage loaned this amount to him, this bequest was duly paid when Williams effects were distributed.

http://wfadublin.webs.com/18-june-1916-2016
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 8:00    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Captain JD Hills - Letters From the Front - 18 June 1916

Many thanks for your congratulations – your letter and the paper came at the same time. The list looks a tremendously long one, but actually there are very few to each unit, and as you doubtless saw there was no one else in the 5th. This is very hard luck on the poor wretches who have to spend all their time in the trenches and go unrewarded. I get my reward in having an easy time behind the line. The weather has now improved beyond all recognition. It is still cold for June but the sun at least condescends to shine fairly continuously and we have not felt any rain for the last forty eight hours. The trenches have dried up wonderfully well – and we can now get about them dry shod and consequently live there in comparative comfort. Three days ago they were so sticky that I left most of my rubber soles in one of the communication trenches. I had to conduct a Corps Staff Officer round the line, and naturally expected a cleanly dressed person with nice spurs etc. who would like to view things from the main road. What actually turned up was very different. A dirty looking villain in a filthy old overcoat and long waders who asked to see the worst trenches I could possibly show him. Of course I had to comply, and we waded about knee-deep in all sorts of horrible places until it was time for him to go home. Now that I have written all about this gentleman I am not sure that I did not tell you about him in my last letter. If so – please attribute my absent mindedness to pressure of work. This last is not as a matter of fact quite so oppressive as it was, but we still have plenty to do. The office has probably never done so much in all its little life before. Orders keep coming in followed by counter-orders. We hardly have time to comply with one lot before another frantic message comes cancelling them, and telling us to wait for another batch, which in their turn are cancelled by some more and so on ad infinitum. I have seen Lyttleton once or twice of late – his battery is within a very few minutes of where I am writing this. For a time he been battery commander but his C.O. who was away ill has now returned and he goes back to his old position. It is getting very near dinner time so I must bring this to a close as quick as I can and go and change. There are four visitors to dinner – the cook is ill, and the meat ration has gone to where we thought we were going – but didn’t owing to one of the many counter-orders. I thank goodness I am no longer Mess President – I handed over that job to Hacking – and hope he enjoys it more than I did.

https://ww1lettersfromthefront.wordpress.com/2016/06/18/18-june-1916/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 8:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Richard Willis Fleming's Diary - 18 June 1916

Stood by as usual at three this morning and dismissed at four thirty. A clear morning. Church parade at our mess tent at eight o’clock.

I saw a shark this morning. The brute came right in under the breakers in about three feet of water. I thought he was only a dolphin at first. He looked about six or eight feet long.

No enemy plane came over to disturb our Sunday siesta this afternoon.

We hear the Essex and West Riding Batteries have had their draft horses taken and been given mules instead, but I believe there may be a chance of our keeping our horses after all.

http://generic.wordpress.soton.ac.uk/ww1digitaldiary/2016/06/18/18-june-1916/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 8:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

8th D.A. No BM/164 18 June 1916

APPENDIX 10/a

SECRET.

8th D.A. No BM/164

Reference 8th Divisional Artillery Operation Order No. 10 dated 15th June 1916.

Wagon lines 45th, 33rd, and 5th Brigades, will move on night of 23rd/24th instead of night 19th/20th June.

89th Brigade R.F.A. (less 1 battery) and D/88 battery R.F.A. (Hows) will move on night of 28th/29th June, instead of night of 23rd/24th June.

C.R. Gover Major R.A.

Brigade Major 8th Divisional Artillery.

18-6-16

APPENDIX OO/10/b

SECRET.

D.A. B.M./164/1

Officer Commanding.

Reference Correction to 8th D.A. Operation Order No. 10 dated 15th June forwarded under my 8th D.A. No. B.M./164 dated 18.6.16.

For night of 28th/29th June

Read night of 27th/28th June.

C.R. Gover Major R.A.

Brigade Major 8th Divisional Artillery.

18-6-16

https://the-bay-museum.co.uk/2016/06/18/8th-d-a-no-bm164-18-june-1916/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 8:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

18th June 1916 - Old Bromsgrovian Killed - Worcestershire WW1

Worcestershire Casualties – Old Bromsgrovian Killed – Sec Lieut Thomas, Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry was killed instantaneously in action on June 2nd, by a shell which landed at his feet. The deceased who would have been 30 next month, was the sixth son of the Rev. David Thomas. He was at Bromsgrove School 1902-04 and was engaged for a time at the Bromsgrove Branch of Lloyds Bank. He frequently took part in Bromsgrove Tennis Tournaments.

http://www.ww1worcestershire.co.uk/key-dates/1916/06/old-bromsgrovian-killed/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 8:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Landsturmmann Peter Lahrmann, Landshut, 18 June 1916

Letter on reverse addressed to Herrn Alois Lahrmann in Grafenau. Postage cancelled 18 June 1916 in Landshut i. N B Y. 1.

Aanvullend:
Unit: Ersatz Bataillon, Kgl. Bayerisches Landwehr-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 2
Rank: Landsturmmann
Headwear: -- / M1892 Überzug (helmet cover)
Tunic: Pre-war Waffenrock, typically issued to Landsturm troops
Awards: None
Buckle: Bavarian “IN TREUE FEST”
Accoutrements: Backpack and boot-tighteners
Ammunition pouches: Model 1909
Armament: Gew 98


En wát een snor! https://www.flickr.com/photos/drakegoodman/5968646736
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 8:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Convergence of the Twain: English Channel, June 1916

I have always admired – and been somewhat disturbed by – Thomas Hardy’s poem “The Convergence of the Twain” in which he meditated on how the Titanic and the iceberg that was to sink her were brought separately into existence, and how they met for one decisive moment:

And as the smart ship grew
In stature, grace, and hue,
In shadowy silent distance grew the Iceberg too.

Alien they seemed to be;
No mortal eye could see
The intimate welding of their later history,

Or sign that they were bent
By paths coincident
On being anon twin halves of one august event.


I was reminded of this poem, and of the terrible image of inexorable, unforgiving destiny which it evokes, when I read recently of the collision of two vessels four years after the Titanic disaster. Collisions at sea occur even in our own day, and did so much more frequently in the days before radar, so at first glance there was nothing unusual about this event. What did strike me however was that the two vessels involved were so dissimilar – one the epitome of luxury, the other’s accommodation so Spartan that its crew was entitled to compensation for their discomfort.

In the early years of the twentieth century giant ocean liners were as much symbols of national pride as they were means of mass transportation. Ever larger and more luxurious British and German liners competed on the North Atlantic but it was not until 1912 – “Titanic Year” – that France was to provide a worthy competitor. She was named, with obvious pride, the SS France, a 712-foot long vessel capable of carrying 2020 passengers. Driven by four Parsons steam turbines of total 45,000-hp – the first such units installed in a French passenger ship – she was capable of a top speed of 23.5 knots. Like the foreign liners she would compete with, she carried the ultimate status symbol of the era – a dummy fourth funnel.

At 24,666-tons the France was smaller than her British and German competitors – her Cunard contemporary, the Lusitania was of 44,060-tons – but what she lacked in size was more than made up for by the unprecedented luxuriousness of her accommodation. Her first-class interiors, decorated in style Louis Quatorze were perhaps the most opulent on any liner, resulting in the nickname of “The Versailles of the Atlantic”.

The ship with which the France’s destiny would “converge”, in Hardy’s phrase, could not have been more different. HMS Eden was one of thirty-four destroyers of the “River Class” commissioned into the Royal Navy between 1903 and 1905 (the sheer numbers of vessels in the navy of this period is remarkable by modern standards). One of only three of these ships to be driven by turbines, the Eden’s installed 7000-hp drove her at a maximum of 25.5 knots. On her 550-tons and her 226-foot length she carried four 12-pounder guns and a half-dozen smaller, these being primarily intended for use against other destroyers and torpedo craft. Her two 18-inch torpedo tubes would make her a threat to larger enemy vessels in any fleet action. Accommodation of her 70 strong crew was by necessity basic – her beam was a mere 24 feet – and like all destroyer crews of the period they were entitled to “Hard Lying Money” as a compensation.

The Eden’s career was to be spent in home-waters. Even before outbreak of war she was to prove and unlucky ship for in 1910 she broke loose from her moorings in Dover harbour in story weather and sank. She was refloated and returned to service thereafter.

The France’s career on the North Atlantic was cut short after two years by the commencement of World War 1. She was taken into naval service – initially, and unsuitably due to her high coal consumption, as an armed merchant cruiser and thereafter as a troop carrier. The Eden meanwhile had been assigned to “The Dover Patrol”, the British naval force tasked with ensuring the safe passage of men and materials between Britain and France across the English Channel. The success of the Dover Patrol in keeping losses to a minimum, despite the presence of German U-boats operating out of bases on the nearby Belgian coast, was one of the Royal Navy’s most remarkable achievements in World War 1.

It was in the early hours of 18th June 1916 that the convergence of this twain was to occur in the English Channel, off the French port of Fécamp on the Normandy coast. Wartime conditions inevitably meant manoeuvring with limited lighting of ships and collision was a constant danger. The consequences for the Eden were fatal, her 550 tons no match for the France’s more than 40-times times greater tonnage. The Eden’s commander, Lieutenant A.C.N. Farquhar, and 42 officers and men went down with her and 33 survivors were picked up by the France. Within the larger scale of World War 1, and occurring only three weeks after the Battle of Jutland, the Eden’s tragedy was quickly forgotten by all but the families of those who had perished.

Essentially undamaged, the France went on with busy war service. The sinking in late 1915 of Titanic’s sister, the Britannic, which had been converted to a hospital ship, demanded provision of another ship of high capacity. This need was to be met by the France and she was to serve in this role in the Mediterranean until entry of the United States into the war increased the demand for troop transportation. The France once again changed role and as a trooper proved capable of carrying up to 5000 men at a time across the Atlantic, shipping them to Europe in 1918 and back home in 1919. One suspects that the comfort level for these troops was substantially lower than for the 2020 passengers she would carry in peacetime.

The France’s civilian career resumed in 1920. Her luxurious accommodation was once again an attraction to the wealthy and in 1924 she was converted to almost total first-class accommodation only, with only 150 third-class berths. She was to continue in service until the early 1930s. By then a dinosaur, the Depression made demand for the comfort she offered less affordable and continued operation was uneconomic. She was scrapped in 1935.

The French presence in the North Atlantic passenger trade was not at an end however and in the year that the France was scrapped the Normandie, arguably the most beautiful liner ever built, entered service.

But that’s another story.

https://dawlishchronicles.com/hms-eden-liner-france-collision-1916/
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 10:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Slachtpartij in Siirt

Rafael de Nogales is een Zuid-Amerikaans avonturier die zich heeft aangemeld bij het Ottomaans leger. Op 18 juni 1915 in de ochtend hebben een paar Turkse officieren in zijn gezelschap verteld dat de voorbereidingen in Bitlis nu klaar waren en dat ze nog alleen wachtten op een order van hogerhand, dat het doden in Siirt daarna op elk moment kon beginnen. Als de Nogales in Siirt toekomt, ziet hij een heuvel vlak bij de hoofdweg. Hij noteert het volgende in zijn dagboek.

De heuvel was gekroond met duizenden halfnaakte en nog bloedende lichamen, die op stapels lagen, in elkaar vervlochten in een laatste omarming in de dood. Vaders, broers, zonen en kleinzonen lagen zoals ze gevallen waren door de kogels of jatagans van de moordenaars. Uit meer dan één opengesneden keel liep het leven weg in hartslagen van warm bloed. Zwermen gieren zaten op de hopen, pikten de ogen van doden en stervenden uit, wier verstijfde blikken nog angst en onuitsprekelijke pijn leken te weerspiegelen, alles terwijl de aasetende honden hun scherpe tanden zetten in ingewanden die nog pulseerden van het leven.

Het veld van lichamen strekt zich uit tot op de straat, en om zich een weg te banen moeten ze hun paarden ten slotte ove de ‘bergen kadavers’ laten springen. Gechoqueerd en verdoofd rijdt de Nogales Siirt binnen. Daar zijn de politie en het islamitische deel van de stadsbevolking druk bezig om samen de christelijke huizen te plunderen. Hij ontmoet enkele overheidspersonen van de streek, onder meer het hoofd van de gendarmes van de stad, die de massamoord persoonlijk heeft geleid. Opnieuw krijgt de Nogales bevestigd dat het vermoorden van alle christelijke mannen van boven de twaalf niet zoals eerder een tamelijk spontaan opvlammende pogrom is geweest, maar een goed geplande, centraal gestuurde operatie.

Hij krijgt een nachtkwartier toegewezen in een van de geplunderde gebouwen. De Nogales begrijpt nu dat de aanvallen niet alleen meerd e Armeniërs betreffen, maar ook andere christelijke groeperingen. Het huis is namelijk van een Syrische familie geweest. Het is volkomen leeggeplunderd, op enkele kapotgeslagen stoelen na. Van de vorige eigenaars is geen spoor te bekennen, behalve een Engels woordenboekje en een heel klein beeldje van de Maagd Maria, verborgen in een hoekje. Op de vloeren en muren zitten bloedspatten.

bron : Peter Englund, de schoonheid en het verdriet van de oorlog, Spectrum
https://martinusevers.org/2015/06/18/slachtpartij-in-siirt/ via https://martinusevers.org/category/tijdslijn-2/1915/page/22/
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jun 2018 10:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Meierijsche Courant, Woensdag 18 Juni 1919.

Borkel en Schaft. Uit Lierop kwamen zij gepeddeld een viertal dewelke hedennacht in de onmiddellijke nabijheid der grens door den soldaat-commies Feijen alhier werden gesommeerd halt te houden, waarna hij hun ontlastte van 21 stuks Hollandsche kazen, wegende 112½ kg. Behalve de kazen werden ook hun rijwielen in beslag genomen.

Valkenswaard. In deze gemeente heerscht in hevige mate de besmettelijke ziekte de "Mazelen". Sterfgevallen hebben zich gelukkig nog niet voorgedaan.

http://www.shgv.nl/KrantenArtikelen/19191.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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