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LIST OF HOSPITAL SHIPS DESTROYED BY SUBMARINES OR MINES

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Feb 2008 9:03    Onderwerp: LIST OF HOSPITAL SHIPS DESTROYED BY SUBMARINES OR MINES Reageer met quote

LIST OF HOSPITAL SHIPS DESTROYED BY SUBMARINES OR MINES
(Some of the hospital ships were destroyed after they had been classed as ambulance tranports)

From the Official History of the Great War,
Medical Services General History, Appendix C, Volume 1


H.S. "ANGLIA."- Mined off Dover on 17th November, 1915, in the afternoon; 14 officers and 374 men, sick and wounded on board; 9 officers and 244 men were saved by destroyers, patrol boats. etc.; 5 officers and 128 men were lost, also 1 sister and 9 men of the R.A.M.C. staff.

H.S. "GALEKA."- Mined off Havre on 28th October, 1916, at 6.10 am., in a strong gale and heavy sea; no patients on board; 19 R.A.M.C. orderlies were killed in the initial explosion, all the other staff and ship's crew were saved; the ship was beached, but became a total wreck.

H.S. " BRITANNIC."- Sunk by mine on 21st November, 1916, at 8.12 a.m., in the Aegean Sea; there were no patients on board, and the day was warm, with a calm sea; all the staff were saved with the exception of Lieut. J. Cropper, R.A.M.C., and 8 orderlies; the evacuation was carried out with difficulty, on account of the movement of the ship, which continued to travel for some distance before finally sinking.

H.S. " BRAEMAR CASTLE."- Mined in the Aegean Sea, on 23rd November, 1916.

H.S. " GLENART CASTLE."- Mined at 11.30 p.m. 1st March, 1917, on route from Havre to Southampton; 520 sick and wounded on board, including 300 cot cases; all patients and crew saved by destroyers tugs and trawlers; ship cleared of invalids by 12.50 a.m. ; the weather was unusually mild, and the sea practically a dead calm; the ship was towed into Portsmouth. It was mined a second time on 26th February, 1918, and sunk.

H.S. "ASTURIAS. "- Torpedoed on 21st March, 1917, at midnight, off Devonshire coast; no patients on board; Temporary Captain G. L. Atkinson, R.A.M.C., Staff Nurse J. J. Phillips, and 12 R.A.M.C. orderlies were drowned; the ship was beached at Salcombe.

H.S. "GLOUCESTER CASTLE."- Torpedoed at 7 p.m., on 30th March. 1917, on route from Havre to Southampton; 399 patients, including 300 cot cases, on board; all the patients were saved by destroyers and transports, but 3 unfortunately died during transfer; the ship was eventually brought into port.

H.S. "SALTA."- Mined on morning of the 10th April, 1917, just outside Havre ; no patients on board ; 5 officers (including the officer-in-charge), 9 nursing sisters, and 37 other ranks R.A.M.C., were lost with the ship.

H.S. "LANFRANC. "- Torpedoed without warning on 17th April, 1917, at 7.30 p.m., on route from Havre to Southampton ; 387 patients on board, including 27 German officers and 140 German other ranks; there were 326 cot cases, many of which were seriously wounded, including a number of fractured femurs and amputations; 22 British, including 2 officers, and 18 German other ranks were lost; the ship sank rapidly.

H.S. "DONEGAL."- Sunk by torpedo on 17th April, 1917.

H.S. "DOVER CASTLE "- Torpedoed without warning on 26th May, 1917, at 11 a.m. ; 632 patients on board, including 29 officers ; all the patients were saved. although three boats were destroyed by the first explosion. The ship was sunk by a second torpedo after being cleared.

H.S. "GOORKHA."- Mined on 10th October, 1917, off Malta, at 11.50 a.m.; 362 patients on board, including 20 officers and 17 sisters; the ship was cleared in thirty-five minutes; there were no casualties; the ship Was towed into Malta.

NAVAL HOSPITAL SHIP "REWA."-Torpedoed 4th January. 1918. 4 crew (naval) were lost.

H.S. "GUILDFORD CASTLE,"-Torpedoed, but reached port, 10th March, 1918.

H.S. "LLANDOVERY CASTLE."- Torpedoed 27th June, 1918; no patients on board; 88 R.A.M.C. staff and 146 crew were lost.

H.S. "WAR ILDA."-Torpedoed in the Channel, 3rd August, 1918; there were 471 invalids, including 439 cot cases on board; 2 officers an 113 other ranks were lost, together with 1 Q.M.A.A.C. and 1 R.A.M.C.; the rest were cleared from the ship within an hour; the Ship sank half an hour afterwards.

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BerichtGeplaatst: 27 Feb 2018 8:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Today marks 100 years since the British hospital ship HMHS Glenart Castle, sunk after being torpedoed by a German U-boat. Only 32 people survived with the @CWGC commemorating more than 150 service men and women who died, including eight nurses

Background
HMHS Glenart Castle was a steamship built in 1900 as Galician for the Union-Castle Line. She was renamed Glenart Castle in 1914, but was requisitioned for use as a British hospital ship during the First World War.

On 26 February 1918, Glenart Castle was leaving Newport, South Wales, heading towards Brest, France. Fishermen in the area recalled seeing her clearly lit up as a hospital ship. At 4am, she was hit by a torpedo. The blast destroyed most of the lifeboats, while the subsequent pitch of the vessel hindered attempts to launch the remaining boats. The ship sunk in just eight minutes, during which time only seven lifeboats were launched.

Only 32 people escaped. More than 160 were killed, including the Captain, Bernard Burt, eight nurses of the Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service, seven Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) officers and 47 medical orderlies. Of the hospital patients being treated on board, 99 died.

Quote:
Commemorating the dead
The Commission commemorates more than 150 men and women killed in the sinking. Ninety-three crewman of the Mercantile Marine, including Captain Burt, are remembered on the Tower Hill Memorial in London. Forty-seven officers and men of the RAMC, two Chaplains of the Army Chaplains' Department, one nurse of the Territorial Force Nursing Service, and seven nurses of the Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service, are commemorated on the Hollybrook Memorial in Southampton.

The matron of the ship Katy Beaufoy was one of the nurses who died. She was a veteran of the South African War and the Gallipoli campaign. Her family kept her diary, which details life as a First World War matron and nurse.


https://www.cwgc.org/learn/news-and-events/news/2018/02/26/12/52/the-sinking-of-glenart-castle
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