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11 December
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Dec 2017 11:03    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Presidential Proclamation of December 11, 1917

U.S. Executive Office of the President.

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
A PROCLAMATION

WHEREAS the Congress of the United States in the exercise of the constitutional authority vested in them have resolved, by joint resolution of the Senate and House of Representatives bearing date of December 7th, 1917, as follows:

Whereas the Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Government has committed repeated acts of war against the Government and the people of the United States of America: Therefore be it

"RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That a state of war is hereby declared to exist between the United States of America and the Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Government; and that the President be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to employ the entire naval and military forces of the United States and the resources of the Government to carry on war against the Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Government; and to bring the conflict to a successful termination all the resources of the country are hereby pledged by the Congress of the United States."

WHEREAS, by Sections four thousand and sixty-seven, four thousand and sixty-eight, four thousand and sixty-nine, and four thousand and seventy, of the Revised Statutes, provision is made relative to natives, citizens, denizens, or subjects of a hostile nation or govern.. rent, being males of the age of fourteen years and upwards, who shall be in the United States and not actually naturalized;

Now, THEREFORE, I, WOODROW WILSON, President of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim to all whom it may concern that a state of war exists between the United States and the Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Government; and I do specially direct all officers, civil or military, of the United States that they exercise vigilance and zeal in the discharge of the duties incident to such a state of war; and I do, moreover, earnestly appeal to all American citizens that they, in loyal devotion to their country, dedicated from its foundation to the principles of liberty and justice, uphold the laws of the land, and give undivided and willing support to those measures which may be adopted by the constitutional authorities in prosecuting the war to a successful issue and in obtaining a secure and just peace;

And, acting under and by virtue of the authority vested inn me by the Constitution of the United States and the aforesaid sections of the Revised Statutes, I do hereby further proclaim and direct that the conduct to be observed on the part of the United States towards all natives, citizens, denizens, or subjects of Austria-Hungary, being males of the age of fourteen years and upwards, who shall be within the United States and not actually naturalized, shall be as follows:

All natives, citizens, denizens, or subjects of Austria-Hungary, d being males of fourteen years and upwards, who shall be within the United States and not actually naturalized, are enjoined to preserve the peace towards the United States and to refrain from crime against the public safety, and from violating the laws of the United States and of the States and Territories thereof, and to refrain from actual hostility or giving information, aid or comfort to the enemies of the United States, and to comply strictly with the regulations which are hereby or which may be from time to time promulgated by the President; and so long as they shall conduct themselves in accordance with law, they shall be undisturbed in the peaceful pursuit of their lives and occupations and be accorded the consideration due to all peaceful and law-abiding persons, except so far as restrictions may be necessary for their own protection and for the safety of the United States; and towards such of said persons as conduct themselves in accordance with law, all citizens of the United States are enjoined to preserve the peace and to treat them with all such friendliness as may be compatible with loyalty and allegiance to the United States.

And all natives, citizens, denizens or subjects of Austria-Hungary, being males of the age of fourteen years and upwards, who shall be within the United States and not actually naturalized, who fail to conduct themselves as so enjoined, in addition to all other penalties prescribed by law, shall be liable to restraint, or to give security, or to remove and depart from the United States in the manner prescribed by sections four thousand and sixty-nine and four thousand and seventy of the Revised Statutes, and as prescribed in regulations duly promulgated by the President;

And pursuant to the authority vested in me, I hereby declare and establish the following regulations, which I find necessary in the premises and for the public safety:

(1) No native, citizen, denizen or subject of Austria-Hungary, being a male of the age of fourteen years and upwards and not actually naturalized, shall depart from the United States until he shall have received such permit as the President shall prescribe, or except under order of a court, judge, or justice, under sections 4069 and 4070 of the Revised Statutes;

(2) No such person shall land in or enter the United States, except under such restrictions and at such places as the President may prescribe;

(3) Every such person of whom there may be reasonable cause to believe that he is aiding or about to aid the enemy, or who may be at large to the danger of the public peace or safety, or who violates or attempts to violate, or of whom there is reasonable ground to believe that he is about to violate any regulation duly promulgated by the President, or any criminal law of the United States, or of the States or Territories thereof, will be subject to summary arrest by the United States Marshal, or his deputy, or such other officer as the President shall designate, and to confinement in such penitentiary, prison, jail, military camp, or other place of detention as may be directed by the President.

This proclamation and the regulations herein contained shall extend and apply to all land and water, continental or insular, in any way within the jurisdiction of the United States.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of tie United States to be affixed.

DONE in the District of Columbia, this eleventh day of December, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seventeen, and of the independence of the United States the one hundred and forty-second.

WOODROW WILSON

By the President:

ROBERT LANSING .
Secretary of State.

https://brocku.ca/MeadProject/USA/EnemyAlien3_1917.html
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Dec 2017 11:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Boll Weevil Honored in Alabama - December 11, 1919

Can you imagine erecting a monument honoring an insect? Well, that's exactly what the people of Enterprise, Alabama, did on December 11, 1919, when they built a monument to the boll weevil, a tiny insect pest that devastated their cotton fields and forced farmers to pursue mixed farming and manufacturing.

http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/jazz/jb_jazz_weevil_1.html
Zie ook http://www.awb.com/dailydose/?p=739
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Dec 2018 8:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Nwe. Harl. Crt., 11 december 1918: "Geleerd van de Belgen"

In Friesland worden tegenwoordig veel katten gemept. De velletjes worden duur betaald en het vleesch wordt gegeten. Men heeft dat van de Belgische vluchtelingen geleerd.

http://www.frieslandzoalshetwas.nl/
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Dec 2018 8:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

David J. Castleman - Letter to Mary Pride Jones - 11 December 1918

Abstract: David James Castleman was born on 22 November 1880. He was the son of David James Castleman (1825-1897) and Arabella Sledge (1837-1920) of Greensboro, Alabama. Castleman served a captain with the Engineering Corps in France during World War I. A majority of his time was spent supervising crane operations in the port city of Saint-Nazaire. Shortly after his return home, he married Mary Pride Jones (1878-1978) on 24 July 1919.

Te lezen op http://www.virginiamemory.com/transcribe/items/show/3478
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Dec 2018 8:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Derbyshire Territorials in the Great War... a pictorial history

11/11/1918 - Chesterfield: The Regimental Colours were withdrawn from CHESTERFIELD PARISH CHURCH by the Regimental Escort.

https://derbyshireterritorials.wordpress.com/2017/12/27/on-this-day-11th-december-1918-regimental-colours-withdrawn-from-chesterfield/
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Dec 2018 8:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Meerle tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog - De dagboeken van burgemeester Lodewijk Van Nueten (1914-1918)

Woensdag 11 december 1918
Warm nat weder.

Er is weinig nieuws.

Er komen vele mannen, om velo te rijden en op reis te gaan. De gendarmerie ziet er niet naar. Er is veel gevraag om vee, er worden er veel verkocht, allen voor Vlaanderen, bijzonder melkvee, de boter is 12,50 fr. de kilog. er is er weinig, de eyeren zijn 1 mark.

Postdienst gaat nu regelmatig, het post is maar 10 centimen, zoo is het al geheel de week. Rijn Westfalen Keulen en Aken wilden een republiek maken, dit volk is katoliek.

Ik wandel met Vital rond. Watermolen Elsakker.

http://www.meerle14-18.be/2018/12/11/woensdag-11-december-1918/
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Dec 2018 8:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

11 December 1917 - WW1 Blog - Jersey Heritage: LOCAL MONEY FOR NATIONAL WAR EFFORT

The States agreed this week to make a generous financial ‘gift’ towards Britain’s war effort. What’s more, the £25,000 offered is likely to be just the first instalment paid by Jersey as the UK seeks to fund the immense cost of waging the war.

The British Government first raised the question of a financial contribution back in June this year. In recent weeks, they have been pressing the Lieutenant Governor for an update on progressing the request. In response, the States have accepted the need to offer a payment. The amount proposed represents a little more than that which the island had been paying in Militia expenses each year since the start of the war.

There was some disquiet from States Members over where exactly the money would come from. One St Helier deputy wanted assurance that the cost would not impact the lower classes but be raised from those who could most easily afford to pay more. No information was forthcoming from the Finance Committee on this matter, however, although it is known that additional taxes are under consideration. These could include some form of personal income tax for the first time.

https://www.jerseyheritage.org/ww1-blog/11-december-1917
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Dec 2018 8:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Scots who fought in the battle for Jerusalem
Andrew Kerr - BBC Scotland political correspondent - 2017

At noon on 11 December 1917, British commander General Allenby marched in to Jerusalem after overthrowing the Ottoman Empire and becoming the first Christian to control the Holy City in 730 years.

Thousands of Scottish soldiers played a key role in the push across the territory then known as Palestine towards the city, which is held holy by three major religions.

Lees verder op https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-42263779
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Dec 2018 8:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

11 DECEMBER, 1917: MARQUEE SIGNING

As may well be obvious, I’ve got a bee in my bonnet about the ridiculous way posterity – another word for popular history – devalues the crucial role in our development played by the First World War. Whenever that bee starts buzzing, and I feel the need to irritate some innocent interlocutor with a blockbuster example of why we should look back beyond Hitler’s war to find blueprints for the modern, the first words out of my mouth usually involve the Middle East.

I think it’s safe to call the modern Middle East a mess, and I never cease to be amazed by how little attention we pay to the fundamental links between what was done to the region during the Great War and how it stands today. By way of illustration, and by a neat coincidence (I hesitate to call it happy), the eyes of the modern world are on exactly the same spot that dominated the news a century ago, because on 11 December 1917 the British Empire formally occupied Jerusalem.

In strictly military terms, Jerusalem was not the most important target for General Allenby’s British armies invading Palestine, because it could easily be bypassed on the way to the far more strategically valuable prizes of Baghdad or Damascus. On the other hand, although the city wasn’t quite the symbolic powder keg it is today (no Israel, obviously), it was considered sacred by all the major biblical religions and it was central to the faltering religious prestige of the Ottoman Empire. So Allenby, who had anyway taken command under orders from Prime Minister Lloyd George to capture Jerusalem by Christmas, had little choice about attacking the city, and Ottoman forces were bound to defend it.

Lees vooral verder op http://poppycockww1.com/middle-east/11-december-1917-foot-and-mouth/
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"I don't aim to offend."
- Billy Connolly


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 11 Dec 2018 9:16, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Dec 2018 9:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

11 December 1916 - Vivid flashes of colours in women’s dress are replaced by the overall

Dressing for war work – fashion archive, 1916
The Government officials are proverbially conservative. So it is not astonishing to hear that in some of the Government offices women are accepted merely as a necessary evil. But it is not so certain that these hide-hound officials will altogether rejoice when, perhaps, every pretty girl has vanished from office or corridor, when, therefore, the vivid flashes of colours in dress and in hat are replaced by the sober black attire of the male.

In this chill December these flashes of colour are mainly provided by the overall – that practical product of war-work in its manifold phases. Indeed, it is more than practical, it is invaluable whether it appear in three-quarters length or be made so long that quite covers the dress. In the Government offices, at any rate, it saves many a dress from too early destruction.

Nothing else could protect one so securely from the dust which never ceases to accumulate to an alarming degree. To a woman’s eye the long overall, to be quite satisfactory, must be large enough to meet down the front from the neck to the hem of the skirt. I have seen some which have been left open from the waist, with a result not of neatness but of a most unpleasing and slovenly appearance.

Varieties of the overall - It is possible that, on some occasions, a busy woman has time, either at luncheon or tea, to study her neighbours. Such a study should produce some insight into character and taste, and a few hints for her personal guidance. One girl, for instance, whose standard of neatness is evidently high, wears a long overall in a dark yet bright shade of blue. It is buttoned to the throat; belted at the waist, and is unrelieved by even a single touch of white at the neck. There is merely a rolled collar of the blue casement cloth of which the overall is made. The girl is charming to look upon. She is an exact illustration of beauty unadorned, and her eager, serious face is framed by masses of soft brown hair which – so her friends declare – has never yet been seen disarranged.

Another girl whose taste impels her to some dainty finish at the neck chooses a white collar in muslin or voile. And she tells me that it is quite amusing to see the variety in form and the manner of wearing these pretty additions to an overall or blouse.

Many a woman wears a “Shetland” or some kind of vest beneath the overall, as the rooms are draughty and the corridors cold. Some women, however, prefer the jersey –the erstwhile sports coat, – which again provides a variety of colour as well as the necessary warmth. It need hardly be said that there is scarcely a shade of blue, red, and yellow, or of purple and green, in which these coats do not appear. But the two most effective I have seen are in a shade of red, which must have been matched with a fuchsia, and a corbeau blue that is ringed round the hem with three bands of white. The white in blue overall is repeated in the muslin at the neck, while the brilliance of the red is cleverly subdued by the dark blue collar in satin which tones with the blouse.

Blouse or one piece dress - There are instances, however, in which the blouse is the wear, and that without overall or jersey. And the effect is neat enough if the blouse be quite simple and finished with a little white collar. Nor is there anything to be said against the straightly made one-piece dress in black or dark blue. But it must always be remembered that war-work brings together women and girls in all classes of birth and in every condition of means. And it behoves those who are called to work by patriotism rather than by a restriction of income to see to it that their less-favoured companions shall feel the difference no more than is inevitable. Here again it may be said that the overall is a most practical possession with which to hide the dress that is too smart for work.

As for the hat, it can on this occasion only be said that it should be small and if possible, as invulnerable as the “tanks.” For it is impossible that buildings designed for the occupation of men should provide any side shelter for feminine millinery.

https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2018/dec/11/dressing-for-war-work-fashion-archive-1916
Voor de geïnteresseerden: How the first world war liberated women's wardrobes: https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2016/may/13/how-the-first-world-war-liberated-womens-wardrobes
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Dec 2018 9:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Oorlogsdagboek Raphaël Waterschoot 1914-1918 - hoe een burger van Sint Niklaas de Groote Oorlog beleeft

11 december 1915 - zaterdag - Sint Niklaas - Ieder manspersoon van 18 tot 35 jaar moet zich in het Meldeambt in de zaal van den Casino, Statiestraat aangeven bij de Duitschers. Wij gaan vandaag doch moeten Woensdag aanstaande wêerkeeren.

https://raphaelwaterschoot.wordpress.com/2015/12/11/11-december-1915-zaterdag-sint-niklaas/
Zie ook hier: http://www.oorlogsdagboek.org/
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