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Butte de Warlencourt

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Jul 2008 20:31    Onderwerp: Butte de Warlencourt Reageer met quote

Na plechtigheid op Delville Wood ook nog naar Butte de Warlencourt geweest, een articifiële heuvel even buiten Le Sars langs de weg Albert - Bapaume, met je links een doodlopende weg oprijden.
Er staat een monument met een inscriptie

Two memorial plaques were dedicated on 30th June 1990. One plaque with an inscription in English and the logo of the Western Front Association (WFA) was unveiled by the WFA President John Terraine. The second plaque, inscribed in French and in the colours of the Souvenir Francais, faced the battlefields of the French Sixth Army. This second plaque was unveiled by M. Andre Coilliot, of the Souvenir Francais.

The two plaques complement each other and symbolise the close and cordial relationship which has existed between the WFA and the Souvenir Francais for many years.

The inscription is:-

BUTTE DE WARLENCOURT
MEMORIAL


The hill on which you stand, the Butte de Warlencourt, marks the limit of the British advance in the battle of the Somme in 1916. Dominating the battlefield, it was strongly fortified by the Germans and withstood successive fierce attacks by the British 47th, 9th and 50th Divisions in October and November 1916. On the German retreat to the Hindenburg Line in February 1917, it passed into British hands, only to be retaken in the German offensive in March 1918. On 25th August 1918, during the final Allied offensive, it was taken by the British 21st Division without opposition



De heuvel was strategisch belangrijk omdat de Duitsers er hun artillerie opstelden en er waren veel versterkte dug-outs. De Britten hebben de heuvel nooit kunnen veroveren tot de Duitsers vanzelf terugtrokken tot achter de Hindenburglinie in febr. 1917.

One of the most famous locations on the 1916 Somme battlefields was the Butte de Warlencourt, an ancient mound dating from Roman times. Continuing from Warlencourt British Cemetery along the D929 towards Albert, the Butte is located to the left of the road and up a hill. The position of the Butte is often not at all obvious from below when the trees foliage is thick and obscures it from view. The Butte is also smaller today than it was before the First World War. Tunnels were made in the mound, and due to it's excellent observation potential it was fiercely defended by the German, surrounded by barbed wire and strengthened with machine guns. There are signs outside which remind you of the status of this site; the bodies of soldiers who fell will still remain here. The Butte was held by the Germans and not taken by the British during the 1916 Somme Offensives, although on the 5th of November soldiers from the 50th Division did reach it briefly. The British only gained it when the Germans abandoned this position in their 1917 retreat to the Hindenburg Line. However, the Germans took it again when they advanced again in spring 1918. The 21st Division took the Butte again on the 25th of August 1918


Butte de Warlencourt


The Butte de Warlencourt is a prehistoric burial mound near the village of Warlencourt, on the Somme battlefield. It was heavily fortified with barbed wire, machine guns, tunnels and mortars. The British Army tried to capture it several times in the Autumn of 1916; the first attack was on 1 October by the 141st Brigade of the British 47th (1/2nd London Division). On 5 November 1916, the 6th, 8th and 9th Battalions The Durham Light Infantry attempted to take it.

Although the Butte was of little real strategic importance, it had become a symbol to many of the soldiers, who believed that it was vital to capture it. Lieutenant Colonel Roland Boys Bradford, who was the Commanding Officer of the 9th Battalion The Durham Light Infantry at the time, later wrote an account of the attack. He believed that 'the BUTTE DE WARLENCOURT had become an obsession. Everybody wanted it. It loomed large in the minds of the soldiers in the forward area and they attributed many of their misfortunes to it. The newspaper correspondents talked about 'that miniature Gibraltar'' (ref. D/DLI 2/9/37). The Bonfire Night, or 5 November, attack was carried out in appalling conditions, after a night of heavy rain. Although 9DLI captured the Butte temporarily, they were forced to retreat that night with 130 men dead, 400 wounded and 300 missing.


On 25 February 1917, the Butte was finally taken by the Allies, as the Germans retreated to another trench system 15 miles to the east. Within a few weeks three wooden crosses had been placed on the top of the Butte in memory of the DLI soldiers who had died. The ornate cross in the centre was designed by Captain Robert Mauchlen. The Butte was visited by King George V in July 1917. The three crosses were removed in 1926 and placed in Chester-le-Street and Bishop Auckland parish churches and Durham Cathedral, where they can still be seen today.



De plek interesseert me omdat de 9de Schotse divisie er aanviel halfweg oktober 1916 en dus ook de South African Infantry Brigade. Het is hier dat VC Alexander Young sneuvelde op 19 oktober (zie Delville wood)
Er liggen op het nabije cemetery meer dan 100 Zuid-Afrikanen.








De butte de Warlencourt gezien vanuit 'Warlencourt Brit. cem.'



Het graf van R. Maastrecht, een Afrikaner uit het eerste regiment, afkomstig van Observatory, Cape Town


From May 1916, 9th Division included a South African Infantry Brigade, which attacked on its left on 12th October, while 7th Seaforths lead the attack on its right. Heavy German machine gun and rifle fire shot down many of the Seaforths as they advanced up a gentle slope in a drizzle of rain, but others were killed and wounded by “friendly fire”, because the British heavy artillery fired “short”. Two supporting companies of 10th Argylls pushed forward and a mixed party of Seaforths and Argylls dug in on a line about 150 yards beyond their original front line. South African 2nd Regiment, followed by the 4th, had lost direction in smoke drifting from the Butte and also lost heavily from machine gun fire, the survivors dug in about halfway to Snag Trench.

General Furse, 9th Division’s commander, had protested strongly to his higher commanders that preparations for the attack had been rushed and it should be postponed for a couple of days, to give his infantry and gunners the opportunity to accurately locate the enemy positions and their own. If his request had been approved, it would have given the artillery observation officers time to locate and identify some of the many scratches of trenches which were not marked on the map and would have avoided some of the heavy shells landing on the advancing Scots.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Jul 2008 20:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

verdorie je bent me te snel af ,
maar eigenlijk goed zo want nu is er een topic apart
voor deze bloedige heuvel
na het lezen van je verslag

Kon me ik me niet weerhouden

De zichten vanop de Butte van Warlencourt te posten
2 maand geleden genomen


Zicht naar Grandcourt-Miraumont


Zicht naar Flers en Guedecourt


@+
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Patrick Mestdag
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Jul 2008 21:12    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

En een 360 zicht van de Begraafplaats
http://www.todayisfree.com/360.php?id=301
door Yvan
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Verdun ….papperlapapp! Louis Fernand Celine
Ein Schlachten war’s, nicht eine Schlacht zu nennen“ Ernst Junger .
Oublier c'est trahir ! marechal Foch
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Jul 2013 13:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Butte de Warlencourt - a new project for the Centenary

As many of you will know the Butte de Warlencourt was purchased by the WFA some 23 years ago (see The Butte de Warlencourt - do you know?).

This ancient historic site was the scene of furious fighting in the October/November 1916 stages of the Battle of the Somme when it was held by the Germans. It was eventually in British hands the following February, with several battlefield memorials being erected shortly thereafter by the Durham Light Infantry and others.

Situated just off the D929 near to Warlencourt-Eaucourt, the Butte has an important history to tell. In an exciting new initiative, the WFA is determined that the Butte will fully tell its history to an increasing number of new and returning visitors to the location.

Under the guidance of WFA European Officer, Bob Paterson, a restoration project will start shortly with the ultimate aim that the Butte will become a 'must visit' location for all visitors to the area. It is planned that the project will see new pathways and handrails being put in place, trees and bushes being cut back over the entire site, the panorama view over the battlefields being restored and the erection of new information boards and signage telling the Butte story. The aim is to put the site well and truly back on the map. It is planned that a re-dedication service will be held next year (2014) at some point, in readiness for the Centenary.


Het hele artikel staat hier:
http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/news/newsflash/3158-the-butte-de-warlencourt-a-new-project-for-the-centenary.html

Het stukje verwijst naar foto's die hier te bekijken zijn


http://www.flickr.com/photos/westernfrontassociation/sets/72157634527776356/with/9227429957/
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