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Dolomieten

 
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Reiné



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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2008 12:58    Onderwerp: Dolomieten Reageer met quote

http://gebirge.twschwarzer.de/

Over de strijd in de Dolomieten, o.a. waar er gevochten is en in het kort de deelnemende legeronderdelen.

Ook de reactie van keizer Franz Joseph op de Italiaanse oorlogsverklaring van 23 mei 1915.:

Kaiser Franz Joseph I. erließ noch am 23. Mai 1915 folgendes Manifest:
"An Meine Völker!
Der König von Italien hat Mir den Krieg erklärt. Ein Treuebruch, dessengleichen die Geschichte nicht kennt, ist von dem Königreiche Italien an seinen beiden Verbündeten begangen worden.
Nach einem Bündnis von mehr als dreißigjähriger Dauer, während dessen es seinen Territorialbesitz mehren und sich zu ungeahnter Blüte entfalten konnte, hat Uns Italien in der Stunde der Gefahr verlassen und ist mit fliegenden Fahnen in das Lager Unserer Feinde übergegangen.
Wir haben Italien nicht bedroht, sein Ansehen nicht geschmälert, seine Ehre und seine Interessen nicht angetastet; Wir haben Unseren Bündnispflichten stets getreu entsprochen und ihm Unseren Schirm gewährt, als es ins Feld zog.
Wir haben noch mehr getan: Als Italien seine begehrlichen Blicke über Unsere Grenzen sandte, waren Wir, um das Bundesverhältnis und den Frieden zu erhalten, zu großen und schmerzlichen Opfern entschlossen, zu Opfern, die Unserem väterlichen Herzen besonders nahe gingen,
Aber Italiens Begehrlichkeit, das den Moment nützen zu sollen glaubte, war nicht zu stillen. Und so muß sich das Schicksal vollziehen. Dem mächtigen Feinde im Norden haben im zehnmonatigen gigantischen Ringen und in treuester Waffenbrüderschaft mit den Heeren Meines erlauchten Verbündeten Meine Armeen siegreich stand gehalten.
Der neue heimtückische Feind im Süden ist ihnen kein neuer Gegner. Die großen Erinnerungen an Novara, Mortara, Custozza und Lissa, die den Stolz Meiner Jugend bilden, und der Geist Radetzkys, Erzherzog Albrechts und Tegetthoffs, der in Meiner Land- und Seemacht fortlebt, bürgen Mir dafür, daß Wir auch gegen Süden hin die Grenze der Monarchie erfolgreich verteidigen werden.
Ich grüße Meine kampfbewährten, siegerprobten Truppen. Ich vertraue auf sie und ihre Führer! Ich vertraue auf Meine Völker, deren beispiellosem Opfermute Mein innigster väterlicher Dank gebührt.
Den Allmächtigen bitte Ich, daß er Unsere Fahnen segne und Unsere gerechte Sache in seine gnädige Obhut nehme."
Noch in der gleichen Nacht griff die gesamte österreichische Flotte die italienische Adriaküste an mehreren Stellen an und konnte dadurch den Aufmarsch des Feindes verzögern.

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Yvonne
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BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Feb 2008 9:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Ah je was me voor met het linkje.
Mooie site, ik zal de inhoud nog even vermelden:
Inhalt:

1. Übersicht über den Verlauf des Ersten Weltkrieges an der Südwestfront

2. Die Kämpfe in den Dolomiten

2.1 Allgemeines:
2.1.1 Die Dolomitenfront
2.1.2 Die Grenzbefestigungen
2.2 Die Einheiten der Dolomitenfront:
2.2.1 Die Landesschützen/Kaiserschützen
2.2.2 Die Kaiserjäger
2.2.3 Das Deutsche Alpenkorps
2.2.4 Die Standschützen
2.2.5 Spezialeinheiten
2.2.6 Die Alpini
2.3 Die einzelnen Frontabschnitte:
2.3.1 Marmolata
2.3.2 Col di Lana
2.3.3 Valparola, Sasso di Stria, Falzarego und Lagazuoi
2.3.4 Fanes, Travenanzestal und Tofana I, II, III
2.3.5 Cristallo
2.3.6 Monte Piano
2.3.7 Sextener Dolomiten

Weiterführende Literatur

Bibliographie
http://gebirge.twschwarzer.de/
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Met hart en ziel
De enige echte

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Tandorini



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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Nov 2009 20:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De Dolomieten in 3D:

http://www.dolomiti3d.com/
_________________
"Horum omnium fortissimi sunt Belgae"
"Van hen(de Galliërs) allemaal zijn de Belgen de dappersten"
Julius Caesar(100 VC - 44 VC)
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http://tandorini.wordpress.com/
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Reiné



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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Nov 2009 22:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Bedankt voor de mooie toevoeging T.

En dit boek boek is aan te raden als men daar op bezoek gaat:



Met dank aan Price of Glory voor de tip en aanschaf.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Nov 2009 19:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Foto's van het Dolomietenfront.

http://www.frontedolomitico.it/index.htm

Klikken op "FRONTE",dan gewoon kiezen.

Foto d'epoca = foto's van WO I.

I panorami di oggi = Panoramafoto's van nu.

Panoramica d'epoca della zona = Panoramafoto's van toen.

La zona in Google Earth = Het front in Google-earth.

http://www.frontedolomitico.it/Vestigia/Albums/AlbumFotoEpocaFronteDolomitico.htm
http://www.frontedolomitico.it/Vestigia/Albums/albumCartolineEpoca.htm
_________________
"Horum omnium fortissimi sunt Belgae"
"Van hen(de Galliërs) allemaal zijn de Belgen de dappersten"
Julius Caesar(100 VC - 44 VC)
http://nl.escertico.wikia.com/wiki/Militaria_Wiki
http://tandorini.wordpress.com/
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Finnbar
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BerichtGeplaatst: 27 Feb 2010 23:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Heb ook dit artikel gevonden:

Climbing the Via Ferrata - In Italy’s Dolomites, a Hike Through World War I History
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Tandorini



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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 21:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Sinds 29 juni 2009 zijn de Dolomieten toegevoegd aan de Unesco werelderfgoedlijst.

Een oud artikel dat ik kreeg toegestuurd:

DOLOMITES-UNESCO: A FIRST WORLD WAR BATTLEGROUND

TRENTO - Many of today's visitors to the Dolomites are oblivious to the bloody WWI history of these peaceful mountain landscapes. From 1915 to 1917 the hiking paths and ski slopes in Italy's northeast Alps witnessed some of the fiercest fighting and highest casualty rates in the First World War. Before the start of what became known as the Great War the border between Italy and Austria ran through the Dolomites. After war was declared the frontier became the front line with the Italian army dug in to the south and the Austro-Hungarian forces entrenched in the north. The opposing armies fought not only each other but also high-altitude conditions that severely tested their endurance.

On the Marmolada, part of the Sesto Dolomites and the highest mountain in the Dolomite range; in the Tofane mountain group west of Cortina d'Ampezzo; and on the Lagazuoi mountain peaks, the weather faced by the soldiers was just as hostile as the enemy. Bloody battles, advances followed by retreats, and daring operations to conquer summits held by the enemy were interspersed with long pauses enforced by extreme winter cold; at times the whole front was stalled for weeks on end. Exploits on both sides were celebrated as acts of heroism and fuelled tales of glory. Behind the war stories, however, lies a hugely disproportionate lost of life for very modest gains on the field of battle. The armed divisions of both armies were also under the continuous and impartial threat of avalanches. A landslide on December 13, 1919 on the Marmolada's Punto Penia (3,343 metres above sea level) killed 300 soldiers.

Camillo Zadra, superintendent of the Italian Historic Museum of War in Rovereto in the province of Trento, explains to visitors that Austria had been planning an attack on Italy for some time before the war and when fighting broke out the Austro-Hungarians stepped up the pace of fortification. The Tiroler Widerstands Linie (Tyrol Line of Resistance), a continuous line of entrenchment about 250 kilometres long, ran from the Ortles range in the eastern Alps to the Sesto Dolomites. To get supplies to their positions in high altitudes, frantic building projects were started for roads, railroads and cableways. Heavy artillery was hoisted to the top of the Marmolada and the Three Peaks of Lavaredo. The Austro-Hungarian soldiers spent the first months of the war on the Marmolada glacier, exposed to Italian artillery fire and nearly without protection.

By 1916 they started digging long tunnels into the ice, creating a labyrinth that ran for several kilometres to connect their various defensive positions. The City of Ice, as it was called, had storage for war materiel and weapons as well as lodging for hundreds of men. A tactic that both sides developed to conquer enemy positions was to dig underneath them and use mines to blow up the fortified emplacements. Col di Lana, one of the most famous peaks targeted, was heavily damaged by five tonnes of dynamite on April 18, 1919 and the results are still clearly visible today. During the various battles for the Col di Lana summit more than 6,000 Italians and 2,000 Austrians were killed - so many that it became known as the Pass of Blood. The war of mines continued all along the front with attacks from both sides devastating the mountains and taking an enormous toll in human life.

The armies were desperate to control the access routes to the Val Badia in Suedtirol and the east-west Val Pusteria and its railway line, objectives pursued with many acts of bravery. An Alpine platoon occupied a ledge (renamed the Martini Ledge, after the battalion commander) on the Little Lagazuoi, dug tunnels and resisted all attackers for two years, surviving Austrian mines packed with thousands of tonnes of explosives. The main tunnels have been restored and can be visited as part of the open-air Museum of the Great War that covers a wide area on Mount Lagazuoi.

Austrians and Italians, squeezed into long tunnels dug out of the rock or clinging to ice-covered peaks, tried in every possible way to overcome their opponents. For all their bravery, the Italians never succeeding in striking a decisive blow or breaking through to the strategic Austrian railway line on the northern side of the front. The Italian army was routed by Austro-Hungarian troops reinforced with German units at the Battle of Caporetto in October and November 1917 and forced to retreat from a large part of the front. The debacle, which became a byword for a catastrophic defeat, effectively ended the war in the Dolomites. Alpine General Antonio Cantore was a famous Italian casualty and the death of Sepp Innerkofler, one of the most well-known and respected Austrian mountaineers of the time, was greeted with great sadness, even by the Italians. Today the one-time enemies - the Alpini, the elite mountain warfare soldiers of the Italian Army, and the Austrian Kaiserjaeger, the Tyrolean Select Regiment - cooperate in maintaining the war cemeteries and in recovering soldiers' remains that occasionally turn up in the retreating glaciers.

Italy has applied to the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) for the Dolomites to be added to its World Heritage List. The 2008 bid was endorsed this May by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, the World Heritage Committee's advisory body on natural sites. The committee's final verdict is expected by the end of June. Nine mountain groups, including the Marmolada massif, have been selected as representative of two UNESCO criteria: superlative natural phenomena and outstanding examples representing major stages of earth's history.
_________________
"Horum omnium fortissimi sunt Belgae"
"Van hen(de Galliërs) allemaal zijn de Belgen de dappersten"
Julius Caesar(100 VC - 44 VC)
http://nl.escertico.wikia.com/wiki/Militaria_Wiki
http://tandorini.wordpress.com/
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Tandorini



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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jul 2010 8:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Trenches of the Dolomites. “ Memoirs” of the First World War
The war on the Dolomites took place in trenches scraped out of the rock on the hillsides. Often Italian trenches faced Austrian ones a few meters. It was a war of patience and waiting, but when the troops attacked, the battle caused thousands of deaths. The trenches are exactly as the soldiers had left them. The tour of the trenches is surely a very intresting and a very “touching” one. They are located near Vittorio Veneto just above Cortina d'Ampezzo, one part to Falzarego Lagazuoi and the other to Monte Piana, near the Tre Cime di Lavaredo above the Passo Tre Croci and Lake Misurina.

Lees verder:

http://www.vittoriovenetoholiday.com/direct-private-owners/near-venice-treviso/ww1.htm

Nog meer:

http://www.iski.it/en/Estate/5Torri_Museo_Guerra.html

Lagazuoi Tunnels, Youtube-filmpje, het geeft een goed beeld van hoe het was om te vechten in barre winteromstandigheden. De route die ze volgen is de gemakkelijkste, hoe moet er dan de moeilijkste uitzien...

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FY0cbtMK1Xs
_________________
"Horum omnium fortissimi sunt Belgae"
"Van hen(de Galliërs) allemaal zijn de Belgen de dappersten"
Julius Caesar(100 VC - 44 VC)
http://nl.escertico.wikia.com/wiki/Militaria_Wiki
http://tandorini.wordpress.com/
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Tandorini



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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jul 2010 8:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The First World War in the Dolomites

The landscape was so beautiful that it began to attract tourists in their thousands. Some were drawn by the desire to climb the peaks and become enshrined in the mountaineering hall of fame, while others were excited by the allure of adventure.

Tectonic forces caused the earth’s surface to upheave over millions of years to form the Alps, building a natural and formidable barrier in a region of the world where people of diverse language groups settled. Some peoples managed to form their own nations, the French, the Germans and Italians. And still linguistic groups found themselves as ethnic minorities inside larger territories. A case in point is the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. At the beginning of the 20th century the empire comprised a wild potpourri of peoples of the most diverse languages, religions and other cultural peculiarities. Italians, Ladins, Slavs, Croatians, Hungarians, Germans, Serbs, Czechs, Slovaks and plenty more besides were forced to get along with each other and in spite of enormous efforts and, for the times, astonishingly tolerant government the undercurrents for future turmoil were gaining strength beneath the surface. Emperor Franz Joseph I had governed this multiracial commonwealth for decades. So long that most subjects had never known any other ruler.
However it is wrong to regard this odd entity as the precursor of a united Europe, as it is often praised by authors, in as much as it was basically a colonial empire under Austrian rule.
War came because it was inevitable and desired on the most diverse sides and for the most diverse reasons, and was supposed to less than a week, at the very most until Christmas 1914. It developed initially in the east, far away from these mountains, even if the hearts of these mountain people began to bleed as soon as the first war dead were brought home from Galicia.

Lees verder:

http://www.michaelwachtler.com/en/highlights/first-world-war.asp
_________________
"Horum omnium fortissimi sunt Belgae"
"Van hen(de Galliërs) allemaal zijn de Belgen de dappersten"
Julius Caesar(100 VC - 44 VC)
http://nl.escertico.wikia.com/wiki/Militaria_Wiki
http://tandorini.wordpress.com/
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Price of Glory



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Okt 2010 16:59    Onderwerp: Die Front in Fels und Eis. Reageer met quote

Een aanrader is dit boek van Gunther Langes



Het leest lekker weg.
Het beschrijft vooral het Dolomieten front, maar ook een aantal gebieden westelijk van de Dolomieten, o.a. het ortler gebergte.
_________________
Wars begin where you will, But they do not end where you please.
"All Wars Arise For The Possesion Of Wealth" (Plato)

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Tandorini



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BerichtGeplaatst: 25 Feb 2013 20:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Een app voor je smartphone (Italiaans)

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.andromo.dev22914.app22413&feature=search_result#?t=W251bGwsMSwxLDEsImNvbS5hbmRyb21vLmRldjIyOTE0LmFwcDIyNDEzIl0
_________________
"Horum omnium fortissimi sunt Belgae"
"Van hen(de Galliërs) allemaal zijn de Belgen de dappersten"
Julius Caesar(100 VC - 44 VC)
http://nl.escertico.wikia.com/wiki/Militaria_Wiki
http://tandorini.wordpress.com/
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