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30 november
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Emiel



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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Nov 2006 0:14    Onderwerp: 30 november Reageer met quote

1917 : German foreign minister celebrates revolution in Russia

On this day in 1917, Foreign Minister Richard Von Kuhlmann stands before the German Reichstag government to deliver a speech applauding the recent rise to power in Russia of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin and his radical socialist Bolshevik Party.


Soon after November 7, 1917, when the Bolsheviks seized control in Petrograd from the provisional government--in place since the abdication of Czar Nicholas II in March--Lenin moved to secure an immediate armistice with the Central Powers in the First World War. Not surprisingly, Austria-Hungary and Germany welcomed this development with open arms; the latter nation had actually helped smuggle the exiled Lenin back to Russia the previous April. The German chancellor, Count Georg von Hertling, went so far as to suggest to Kuhlmann on November 29 that Germany make the new Russia one of its allies.


The following day, Kuhlmann addressed the Reichstag, declaring that "Our eyes at the present moment are turned toward the east. Russia has set the world ablaze." The mobilization of Russia, he continued, was "the actual and immediate cause" of the entire war; only now was Russia in the hands of leaders who would set things right and seek immediate peace with Germany. According to Kuhlmann, Russia’s allies--Britain and France--would do well to consider following its lead, as "the German people will stand up and be prepared to beat force with force until the dawn of the better and more humane understanding which is beginning to appear in the eastern sky shall arise in the nations of the west, which are as yet filled with greed for money and power."


While the Central Powers rejoiced at the turn of events in Petrograd, the Allies were filled with a sense of dread. With Russia out of the war, Germany would be free to transfer more manpower to the Western Front; to the south, Austria-Hungary seemed close to overpowering Italy. Although the United States had entered the war on the side of the Allies in April 1917, it was not expected to deliver troops in significant numbers until the following summer. By the end of 1917, with casualties mounting on the Western Front, the Allies looked ahead with trepidation as the possibility of victory seemed to recede ever further into the distance.


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Emiel



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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Nov 2006 0:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1914


Auszug der Kriegsfreiwilligen aus Berlin am 30. November 1914


Der deutsche Heeresbericht:

Erfolgreiche Gegenangriffe in Polen -
Ein abgeschlagener russischer Überfall in Ostpreußen
Großes Hauptquartier, 30. November, vormittags.
Von Westfront nichts zu melden.
An der ostpreußischen Grenze mißglückte ein Überfallversuch stärkerer russischer Kräfte auf deutsche Befestigungen östlich Darkehmen unter schweren Verlusten. Der Rest der Angreifer, einige Offiziere und 600 Mann, wurde von uns gefangengenommen.
Südlich der Weichsel führten die gestern mitgeteilten Gegenangriffe zu nennenswerten Erfolgen. 18 Geschütze und mehr als 4500 Gefangene waren unsere Beute.
In Südpolen ist nichts Besonderes vorgefallen.

Oberste Heeresleitung. 1)





Pour le Mérite für General v. Mackensen

v. Mackensen

Danzig, 30. November. (W. B.)
Der Kaiser hat an General v. Mackensen folgendes Telegramm gesandt:

"Die 9. Armee hat unter Ihrer bewährten sicheren Führung in schweren, aber von Erfolg gekrönten Kämpfen sich von neuem unübertrefflich geschlagen. Ihre Leistungen in den verflossenen Tagen werden als leuchtende Beispiele für Mut, Ausdauer und Tapferkeit der Geschichte erhalten bleiben Sprechen Sie das Ihren vortrefflichen Truppen mit meinem kaiserlichen Danke aus, den ich dadurch zu betätigen wünsche, daß ich Ihnen den Orden Pour le Merite verleihe, dessen Insignien ich Ihnen zugehen lasse. Gott sei ferner mit Ihnen und unseren Fahnen.

Wilhelm I. R.

General v. Mackensen hat dieses Telegramm in einem Armeebefehl bekanntgegeben und hinzugefügt:

"Ich freue mich, meinen heldenmütigen Truppen eine solche Anerkennung zur Kenntnis bringen zu können. Das Verdienstkreuz gilt der ganzen 9. Armee." 2)




Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Erstürmung eines serbischen Stützpunktes
Wien, 30. November.
Vom südlichen Kriegsschauplatz wird amtlich gemeldet:
Auf dem südlichen Kriegsschauplatz andauernde Kämpfe. Gestern wurde der hartnäckig verteidigte Suvobor, Sattelpunkt der Straße Valjevo-Cacak, nach heftigen Kämpfen erstürmt. Bataillon 70 hat sich hierbei besonders ausgezeichnet. Auch das Regiment 16 und das Landwehrregiment 23 haben sich in den letzten Tagen neuerdings hervorgetan.
Gestern wurden insgesamt 1254 Mann gefangen und 14 Maschinengewehre erbeutet, in Uzice viel Waffen und Munition vorgefunden.
Im Norden hat sich gestern an unserer Front nichts Wesentliches ereignet. 1)





Kaiser Franz Josef an Hindenburg und Ludendorff
Posen, 30. November. (W. B Nichtamtlich.)
Kaiser Franz Josef hat an Generalfeldmarschall v. Hindenburg und dessen Generalstabschef v. Ludendorff aus Anlaß ihrer Beförderung Glückwunschtelegramme gesandt. Das Telegramm an Hindenburg lautet:

"Lieber Generalfeldmarschall v. Hindenburg.
Innigst erfreut, Sie zu Ihrer Beförderung in die höchste militärische Würde, die Sie der huldvollen Anerkennung Ihrer ruhmvollen Führung des unvergleichlich tapferen Ostheeres seitens Seiner Majestät, Ihres erhabenen Kriegsherrn verdanken, wärmstens beglückwünschen zu können, ist es mir Bedürfnis, Ihnen zu bekunden, welche vielbegründete Hochschätzung ich und mein Heer Ihnen zollen. Klar, fest und treu wirkten Sie in schwersten Kämpfen, in steter Übereinstimmung mit meinem Heere und dieses wird stolz sein, sich je enger mit Ihnen verbunden zu wissen. Ihren glänzenden Feldherrnnamen meiner Wehrmacht zum leuchtenden Sinnbild kriegerischer Höchstleistungen zu erhalten, ernenne ich Sie zum Oberstinhaber meines Infanterie-Regiments Nr. 69. Möge es der unerschütterlichen Waffenbrüderschaft meiner und der deutschen Wehrmacht beschieden sein, der gemeinsamen gerechten Sache in beharrlichem Kampfe den Sieg zu erringen.

Franz Josef."

Das Telegramm an Ludendorff lautet:

"Lieber Generalleutnant v. Ludendorff.
Zu Ihrer Beförderung, durch welche die höchste Anerkennung Ihrer glänzenden Leistungen von Seiten Seiner Majestät, meines treuen Freundes und Verbündeten, zu weithin sichtbarem Ausdruck kommt, beglückwünsche ich Sie auf das herzlichste. Es sei Ihnen vom Allmächtigen vergönnt, auch weiterhin in der gleichen vorbildlichen Weise in bewährtem Einklang mit meinem Generalstab an der Seite Ihres ruhmreichen Feldherrn zu wirken.

Franz Josef." 2)

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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Nov 2006 0:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1915


Der deutsche Heeresbericht:

Prizren von den Bulgaren genommen
Großes Hauptquartier, 30. November.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Die Gefechtstätigkeit blieb auf Artillerie-, Wurfminen- und Minenkämpfe an verschiedenen Stellen der Front beschränkt.
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Ein deutsches Flugzeuggeschwader griff die Bahnanlagen von Ljachowitschi (südöstlich von Baranowitschi) an.
Balkankriegsschauplatz:
Bei Rudnik (südwestlich von Mitrovica) wurden feindliche Kräfte von Teilen der Armee des Generals v. Koeveß zurückgeworfen. Hier und westlich der Sitnica wurden von Truppen der Armee des Generals v. Gallwitz zusammen etwa 1000 Gefangene gemacht.
Bulgarische Kräfte haben am 28. November Prizren genommen. Sie brachten über 3000 Gefangene und 8 Geschütze ein.

Oberste Heeresleitung. 1)





Sechste Kriegstagung des Reichstages

Dr. Helfferich

Berlin, 30. November.
Der Reichstag trat zu seiner sechsten Tagung seit Ausbruch des Krieges zusammen. Der Reichsschatzsekretär Dr. Helfferich begründete in einer ausführlichen Rede den Gesetzentwurf über vorbereitende Maßnahmen zur Besteuerung der Kriegsgewinne. Die Vorlage wurde darauf dem Haushaltsausschuß überwiesen.




Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Neue vergebliche Massenstürme der Italiener
Wien, 30. November.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
Russischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Nichts Neues.
Italienischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Es zeigt sich immer mehr, daß die Italiener in diesen Tagen, koste es, was es wolle, am Isonzo, wenn möglich bei Görz, einen Erfolg erzwingen wollen. Gestern waren ihre Angriffe gegen die ganze Front zwischen Tolmein und dem Meere, mit besonderer Heftigkeit aber gegen unsere beiden Brückenköpfe und den Nordteil der Hochfläche von Doberdo gerichtet. Vorstöße gegen unsere Bergstellung nördlich von Tolmein brachen bald zusammen. Der Tolmeiner Brückenkopf stand nachmittags unter Trommelfeuer. Hierauf folgten drei starke Angriffe auf den nördlichen, mehrere schwächere auf den südlichen Abschnitt; alle wurden unter größten Verlusten des Feindes abgeschlagen. Ebenso erfolglos waren mehrere Angriffsversuche auf Plawa. Vor dem Görzer Brückenkopf sind sehr starke italienische Kräfte aller Fronten zusammengezogen. Zum Angriffe schritt der Feind gestern nur bei Oslavija. Er wurde geschlagen, nur ein schmales Frontstück wurde etwas zurückgenommen.
Görz erhielt nachts wieder etwa hundert schwere Bomben in das Stadtinnere.
Im Abschnitte der Hochfläche von Doberdo setzten nach vierstündiger Artillerievorbereitung Angriffe von besonderer Wucht und Zähigkeit gegen den Monte San Michele und den Raum von San Martino ein. Auf dem Monte San Michele schlug das Budapester Honvedinfanterieregiment Nr. 1 acht Massenstürme blutig ab. San Martino wurde dreimal in dichten Massen angegriffen, hier behauptete das Nagyvarader Honvedinfanterieregiment Nr. 4 in erbittertem Handgemenge seine Stellungen. Auch südwestlich des Ortes wurde ein feindlicher Angriff abgewiesen.
Südöstlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Südwestlich von Priboj warfen wir die Montenegriner gegen Plevlje zurück. An der montenegrinischen Grenze südwestlich von Mitrovica überfielen österreichisch-ungarische Truppen eine serbische Nachhut und nahmen ihr 210 Gefangene ab. Die Bulgaren nähern sich dem Becken von Prizren.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes.
v. Hoefer, Feldmarschalleutnant. 1)





Die serbische Regierung in Skutari
Skutari, 30. November. (Meldung der Agence Havas.)
Der serbische Ministerpräsident Paschitsch und die serbische Regierung sind hier, an dem künftigen Sitz der Regierung, am 28. November angekommen.


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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Nov 2006 0:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1916


Rittmeisters von Borcke

Großes Hauptquartier, 30. November.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Armee des Generalfeldmarschalls Herzogs Albrecht von Württemberg:
Im Ypern-Bogen griffen nach starker Artillerievorbereitung feindliche Abteilungen in etwa 3 km Breite unsere Stellungen an; sie wurden durch Feuer, an einzelnen Stellen im Nahkampf, abgewiesen.
Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht:
Bei nebeligem Wetter nahm der Geschützkampf zwischen Serre und der Ancre sowie im Frontabschnitt beiderseits des St.-Pierre-Vaast-Waldes zu.
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Front des Generalfeldmarschalls Prinzen Leopold von Bayern:
Größere Kampfhandlungen fanden nicht statt.
Front des Generalobersten Erzherzogs Joseph:
In den Waldkarpathen und den Grenzgebirgen der Moldau setzten die Russen ihre Angriffe fort, ohne wichtige Ergebnisse zu erzielen. Der Russe hatte schwere Verluste und mußte sich mit kleinen örtlichen Vorteilen begnügen.
Wir drängten in Westrumänien die feindlichen Nachhuten zurück.
Außer Pitesti ist gestern auch Campolung genommen und dadurch der Weg über den Törzburger Paß geöffnet worden. Dort fielen 17 Offiziere, 1200 Gefangene, 7 Geschütze und zahlreiche Bagagen in die Hand bayerischer Truppen.
Von ihrer Majestät Kürassierregiment Königin nahm die Eskadron des Rittmeisters v. Borcke bei Ciola Nesti eine feindliche Kolonne mit 17 Offizieren, 1200 Mann gefangen und erbeutete dabei 10 Geschütze und 3 Maschinengewehre.
Heeresgruppe des Generalfeldmarschalls v. Mackensen:
Die Donauarmee ist kämpfend im Vordringen. Bei den Angriffen gegen die Rumänen zeichneten sich unter Führung des Majors Aschauer schleswig-holsteinische, bückeburgische und bayerische Reservejäger aus.
Seit dem Donau-Übergang hat die Armee dem Feinde 43 Offiziere, 2421 Mann, 2 schwere und 36 Feldgeschütze, 7 kleine Kanonen und 7 Maschinengewehre sowie 32 Munitionsfahrzeuge abgenommen.
Mazedonische Front:
Nordwestlich von Monastir mißglückte ein feindlicher Vorstoß. Vom Westhang des Ruinenberges bei Gruniste, dessen Gipfel in den letzten Tagen ebenfalls oftmals vergeblich durch den Gegner angegriffen wurde, sind die Serben wieder vertrieben worden.

Der Erste Generalquartiermeister.
Ludendorff. 1)





Russische Angriffe an der Zlota Lipa von türkischen Truppen abgewiesen
Berlin, 30. November, abends. (Amtlich.)
Zeitweise lebhaftes Feuer nördlich und südlich der Somme.
Ottomanische Truppen wiesen an der Zlota Lipa starke russische Angriffe ab.
In Rumänien Lage unverändert günstig.
Feindliche Teilvorstöße nordwestlich Monastir scheiterten. 1)




Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Russischer Ansturm gegen die Armeen v. Arz und v. Köveß gescheitert
Wien, 30. November.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresgruppe des Generalfeldmarschalls v. Mackensen:
Die erfolgreich vordringende Donauarmee hat seit dem Stromübergang 43 rumänische Offiziere, 2421 Mann, 2 schwere und 36 Feldgeschütze, 7 kleine Kanonen und 7 Maschinengewehre eingebracht.
Heeresfront des Generalobersten Erzherzogs Joseph:
Truppen des Generals v. Falkenhayn nahmen gestern Pitesti und Campolung in Besitz. In Campolung fielen 17 Offiziere, 1200 Mann, 7 Geschütze und zahlreiches Kriegsgepäck in die Hand der Bayern. Zwischen dem Uztal und dem Tatarenpaß setzten die Russen die zur Entlastung ihres arg bedrängten rumänischen Bundesgenossen bestimmten Angriffe unter großem Massenaufgebot fort. Die Armeen der Generale v. Arz und v. Köveß standen fast an ganzer Front bei Tag und bei Nacht in erbittertem Ringen gegen den immer wieder aufs neue vorstoßenden Feind. An vielen Stellen wurde Mann gegen Mann gekämpft. Der russische Ansturm brach zusammen. Kleine örtliche Vorteile können nichts daran ändern, daß die großen Opfer des Feindes auch gestern vergeblich waren. Der Kampf geht fort.
Heeresfront des Generalfeldmarschalls Prinzen Leopold von Bayern:
Nichts von Belang.
Italienischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Östlich von Görz und auf der Karsthochfläche war der Artilleriekampf zeitweise sehr lebhaft. In Rumänien verlaufen die Operationen planmäßig. Die Karpathenschlacht dauert an. Immer wieder rennen die Russen gegen unsere Linien Sturm. Verluste des Feindes, der nirgends durchdringt, sind außergewöhnlich groß. An der Zlota Lipa schlugen ottomanische Truppen einen Vorstoß ab.
Südöstlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
In Albanien unverändert.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes
v. Hoefer, Feldmarschalleutnant. 1)




Der bulgarische Heeresbericht:

Der bulgarische Vormarsch auf Bukarest
Sofia, 30. November. (Bericht des Generalstabes vom 29. November.)
Rumänische Front:
In der Walachei dauert unser Vormarsch auf der Straße Giurgiu- Bukarest an. Unsere Truppen brachten dem Feinde im Bajonettkampf eine blutige Niederlage bei. Der Gegner erlitt schwere Verluste. Wir erbeuteten 2 Geschütze von 21 cm. An der Donau zwischen Tutrakan und Cernavoda Infanteriefeuer. Bei Tutrakan Artilleriefeuer. In der Dobrudscha schwache Artillerietätigkeit und Gefechte zwischen den Posten.
Mazedonische Front:
In der Gegend von Bitolia und im Cerna-Bogen schwaches Artilleriefeuer und Patrouillentätigkeit. Im allgemeinen verlief der Tag ruhig. In der Umgegend von Gruniste schlugen wir durch Gegenangriff einen feindlichen Angriff ab. In der Gegend der Moglenica und im Wardar-Tale schwaches Artilleriefeuer. An der Front der Belasica Planina Patrouillengefechte und schwache Artillerietätigkeit. An der Struma Artilleriefeuer.





Übersiedelung der rumänischen Regierung nach Jassy
Bern, 30. November.
Nach französischen Meldungen ist die rumänische Regierung nach Jassy übergesiedelt, und die ausländischen Gesandtschaften seien der Regierung nach Jassy gefolgt. 1)

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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Nov 2006 0:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1917

Heftiger Feuerkampf in Flandern


Leutnant Buckler


Leutnant Bongartz

Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht:
In Flandern entspannen sich am Nachmittage vom Houthoulster Walde bis Zandvoorde lebhafte Artilleriekämpfe, die namentlich beiderseits von Poelkapelle und nördlich von Gheluvelt mit größter Heftigkeit geführt wurden. Eigene Sturmabteilungen stießen nahe an der Küste und in einzelnen Abschnitten des Kampffeldes in die feindlichen Linien vor und brachten zahlreiche Franzosen und Engländer ein.
Bei Armentières, Lens und südöstlich von Arras gesteigerte Feuertätigkeit.
Auf dem Schlachtfelde bei Cambrai griff der Engländer am frühen Morgen nach heftiger Feuerwirkung unsere Stellungen westlich von Bourlon an. Unter schweren Verlusten wurde er zurückgeschlagen. Am Nachmittage nahm der Feuerkampf zwischen Inchy und Fontaine wieder beträchtliche Stärke an.
In der Gegend von St. Quentin war die Artillerietätigkeit lebhafter als an den Vortagen.
Heeresgruppe Deutscher Kronprinz:
Ein eigenes Sturmunternehmen nördlich von Braye hatte vollen Erfolg und brachte Gefangene ein. Auf beiden Maasufern lebte das Feuer zeitweilig auf.
Heeresgruppe Herzog Albrecht:
An vielen Stellen, namentlich im Sundgau, rege Tätigkeit der Franzosen.
Seit dem 24. November verloren unsere Gegner im Luftkampf und durch Abschuß von der Erde 30 Flugzeuge und 2 Fesselballone. Leutnant Buckler errang seinen 30., Leutnant Bongartz seinen 25., Leutnant Böhme seinen 24. und Leutnant Klein seinen 21. Luftsieg.
Osten, Mazedonien und Italien:
Keine größeren Kampfhandlungen

Der Erste Generalquartiermeister
Ludendorff. 1)





Neue erfolgreiche Kämpfe bei Cambrai
Berlin, 30. November, abends. (Amtlich.)
Auf dem Schlachtfelde bei Cambrai sind neue Kämpfe entbrannt, die bisher für uns erfolgreich waren.
Von den anderen Fronten nichts Neues. 1)




Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Erfolge an der unteren Vojusa
Wien, 30. November.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
Italienischer Kriegsschauplatz:
In Venetien Artilleriefeuer wechselnder Stärke.
Im Osten unverändert.
Albanien:
In der Nacht vom 28. November führten an der unteren Vojusa bosnisch-herzegowinische Jäger ein erfolgreiches Unternehmen aus. Sie durchwateten den mannstiefen Fluß, stießen bis in die zweite italienische Linie durch und brachten Gefangene und zahlreiches Kriegsgerät ein.

Der Chef des Generalstabes. 1)




Der bulgarische Heeresbericht:

Sofia, 30. November.
Mazedonische Front:
Auf den Abhängen der Mokra Planina wiesen wir durch Feuer zwei feindliche Erkundungsgruppen ab. Westlich Bitolia und zu beiden Seiten des Wardar lebhaftes Artilleriefeuer. Nördlich Bitolia führte der Feind einen fruchtlosen Gasangriff aus. Nach Luftkampf schoß der deutsche Vizefeldwebel Lage ein feindliches Flugzeug ab, das hinter unseren Stellungen südlich Stejelewo niederfiel.
Dobrudschafront:
Westlich Mahmudie und bei Isaccea Gewehrfeuer.

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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 11:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Een Dokument betreffende voorbereide Duitsche Landingen op Zuid-Beveland in 1917.

(...) Het weergegeven bevel nu is een nieuwe editie van een niet bekend, vervallen bevel. Het was bestemd voor den Havencommandant van Antwerpen, Admiraal L o u r a n en dezen toegezonden door het Gouvernement aldaar bij schrijven van 30 November 1917. (...)

https://www.militairespectator.nl/sites/default/files/bestanden/uitgaven/1920/1920-0398-01-0079.PDF
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Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 30 Nov 2018 10:26, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 20:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Amersfoortsch Dagblad, 30 november 1914
Bron: Archief Eemland

Buitenland - De oorlog
Op grond van gesprekken die de grootrabbijn in Turkije met den minister van binnenlandsche zaken voerde, heeft de Turksche regeering zich bereid verklaard aan vreemde israëlieten, die in Turkije wonen, vooral als zij van Russische nationaliteit zijn, die bij duizenden verzocht hebben dat hun het Turksche staatsburgerschap zou worden verleend toe te staan dat zij van staatsburgerschap verwisselen, onder voorwaarde dat zij dit niet na den oorlog weder prijsgeven.

De Armenische bisschop van Erzeroem zond aan de Porte een telegram, dat de Armeniërs tot alle offers voor de verdediging van het vaderland bereid waren. Telegrammen van gelijke strekking zijn ontvangen van den aartsbisschop van Van en van andere godsdienstige hoofden der Armeniërs.

http://www.agindepers.nl/kwestie/AD-30-11-1914.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 20:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

10th Battalion Royal Dublin Fusiliers - Nov 1917

There were further 10th Battalion deaths at the end of the month of November. I have not yet been able to find a record of what happened on 29/30 November 1917. I assume that it was a German Counter attack

Records show 29 Nov 1917 Killed in action 27464 Private George Leo Brennan. Born Manchester, resided Manchester
Records show 29 Nov 1917 Killed in action 25116 Private George Pidgeon, Born Dublin, resided Dublin
Records show 30 Nov 1917 Died of wounds 29494 Private Patrick Coyle. Born Knockbridge, Cavan. Resided Greenock. Enlisted Bailieborough, Cavan
Records show 30 Nov 1917 Died of wounds 29073 Private Hugh James Cullen. Born Wicklow. Resided London, Enlisted Pimlico, Middx.
Records show 30 Nov 1917 Died of wounds 10720 Private Patrick Flanagan. Born Celbridge, Kildare. Resided Dublin
Records show 30 Nov 1917 Killed in action 25007 Private Thomas Byrne. Born Tullow, Carlow, resided Carlow, enlisted Carlow
Records show 30 Nov 1917 Killed in action 24951 Private Richard Joseph Graydon. Born Dublin, resided Bray, Wicklow. Enlisted Delgany,Wicklow
Records show 30 Nov 1917 Killed in action 29345 Private William Howard. Born Tinryland, Carlow. Resided Carlow
Records show 30 Nov 1917 Killed in action 40734 Private Ernest Ruscoe. Born Little Hulton, Lancs, resided Little Hulton. Formerly 32675, L.N. Lancs Regt.
Records show 30 Nov 1917 Killed in action 40937 Private Thomas Smith. Born Blackburn, resided Blackburn. Formerly 37209, E. Lancs Regt.
Records show 30 Nov 1917 Killed in action 2/Lieutenant (T) James Hector Traverse

https://www.dublin-fusiliers.com/battaliions/10-batt/campaigns/1917-cambrai.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 20:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Felix Graf von Bothmer

Felix Graf von Bothmer (10 December 1852 – 18 March 1937) was a German general of the Brusilov offensive. His father was army general and belonged to the German nobility. In 1871 Bothmer joined the Bavarian Army. (...)

On 30 November 1914 he was appointed to command the 6th Bavarian Reserve Division at Ypres. On 22 March 1915 he was moved to command Corps Bothmer, a unit raised to help defend the passes of the Carpathian Mountains against Russian attacks that directly threatened Hungary. He won the battle of Zwinin which took place from 5 February – 9 April 1915, and was thus in the right place to take part in the great German advance after the breakthrough during the Gorlice–Tarnów Offensive in May 1915. (...)

Count Bothmer died in Munich on March 18, 1937 and, contrary to his family's wishes, Hitler's government ordered a state funeral for the general.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Graf_von_Bothmer
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 20:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Australian Imperial Force (AIF)

•Total mobilised during the war: 416,000
•Served overseas: 324,000

Immediately after the declaration of war against Germany, the Australian government offered to raise an expeditionary force for service overseas alongside British imperial troops. The British government accepted the offer and voluntary recruitment for this force – the ‘Australian Imperial Force’ (AIF) – began on 10 August 1914.

The troop convoy carrying the Main Body of the AIF left its final assembly point at Albany, Western Australia, for Egypt on 1 November 1914. It had been joined at Albany by the troop convoy carrying the Main Body of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF), and the two contingents formed a single combined convoy for their journey across the Indian Ocean. The AIF portion of the convoy consisted of 20,000 soldiers and 7800 horses embarked on 28 transport ships.

The convoy entered the Suez Canal on 30 November 1914 and began to disembark at Alexandria a few days later. The AIF and NZEF were allocated areas in the countryside near the Egyptian capital, Cairo, in which to establish their base camps.

http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/war/australia-facts
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 20:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Instant Coffee

"We have the Instant Coffee. No grounds, no trouble. Just hot water and it is ready." -- Advertisement placed by L.W. Newton in the Wichita Daily Times. Wichita Falls, Texas. Monday, 30 November 1914.

Leuk verhaal! http://www.practicallyedible.com/edible.nsf/pages/instantcoffee
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General Christiaan Rudolph de Wet

(...) When the First World War started in 1914 De Wet was against Botha’s attack of German South West Africa. The situation was aggravated when Martial Law was declared and men were called up from all over the country. This created the impression that the Government had departed from its undertaking to use only volunteers. De Wet now favoured a form of armed protest which became a reality when the government started with the commandeering of burghers. During a skirmish at Doornberg (8/11/1914 his son Danie and several other rebels were killed. De Wet evaded his pursuers and was finally captured at Waterbury near Vryburg on 30 November 1914. He was held in the Johannesburg Fort. Six months later he was found guilty on a charge of high treason and sentenced to six years’ imprisonment and a fine of £2000 which was soon paid from voluntary contributions. In response to representations made by several influential people the Government granted him a reprieve and he returned to Allanvale on parole. (...)

http://www.anglo-boer.co.za/role-players/gen-cr-de-wet.php
Zie ook http://www.sahistory.org.za/pages/people/bios/deWet-c.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 21:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Jef Vermeiren,een soldaat van 1914-1918.

(...) Op 30 november 1914 werd Jef door het leger afgedankt, zonder enige vergoeding. Hij kreeg een vrijgeleide om naar Holland te gaan. Hij verkocht kar en paard voor 650 Fr. Vooraleer hij verder stappen kon ondernemen viel hij ziek. Hij verbleef tot 1 februari 1915 in een kosthuis en ging daarna naar Calais, waar hij op 2 februari tekende als vrijwilliger voor de duur van de oorlog. (...)

Lees verder op http://militaria.forum-xl.com/viewtopic.php?f=76&t=706
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 21:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30 November 1917 - L/Cpl William Dewhurst died on this day

67733 L/Cpl William Dewhurst, 217th Coy Machine Gun Corps
Born in Helmshore, Lancashire in 1885, William was living at Barnoldswick, where he was employed as a weaver at the time of his enlistment. Enlisting into the 4th Bn King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (as 5841) at Keighley in August 1916, when he was 31 and 11 months old, William was transferred to the Machine Gun Corps in November of the same year.

Posted on active service in France on 16 March 1917, he saw action during the 3rd Battle of Ypres and during the Battle of Cambrai where he was posted as 'missing' during the German counter-attack on 30 November 1917. Having no-known grave, William is commemorated on the Cambrai Memorial, Louveral, Nord.

William was the third tragic loss for his family during the war, his older brother Thomas having been killed in action on the Somme in August 1917 and his only Clara sister had been killed during the sinking of the RMS Lusitania on 7 May 1915 whilst en-route from the USA.

Their mother, already a widow, had lost her husband in 1906.

https://www.westernfrontassociation.com/on-this-day/30-november-1917-lcpl-william-dewhurst-died-on-this-day/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 21:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30 november 1917 | Nieuwsbericht | Oorlog in Alveringem

Camiel Maginet is op 9 december 1891 geboren in Sint-Maria-Oudenhove, nu een deelgemeente van Zottegem (en deels van Brakel) in Oost-Vlaanderen. De ongehuwde zoon van Petrus en Theresia Haegeman verdient de kost als grondwerker. Hij is 1,69 meter groot en heeft blond haar.

Op 12 april 1915 treedt hij als oorlogsvrijwilliger in dienst van het Belgisch leger. Na zijn opleiding in het kamp van Saint-Lô (Normandië) en een bijkomende opleiding voor mitrailleurs wordt hij 7 december 1915 toegevoegd aan het 3° Regiment Jagers te Voet.

Op 30 november 1917 komt hij om 9.15 uur bij de ontploffing van een munitiedepot om het leven in de tranchee Casbah op de IJzerdijk in Kaaskerke. Hij wordt overgebracht naar het militair dodenhuis van Alveringem.

Daar liggen tien slachtoffers die dezelfde ochtend om het leven gekomen zijn in Kaaskerke: Jules Cluny, Alfred De Cort, Jean Mertens, Emile Spillier, Remi Barroit, Honoré Clepkens, Oscar De Loof, Charles Maurois en Joseph Raveits. De jongste is 18, de oudste 27 jaar.

De slachtoffers worden op 3 december 1917 begraven op de Belgische militaire begraafplaats van Oeren.

Edouard Maertens sterft in het Belgisch militair hospitaal van Beveren-aan-de-IJzer en ligt nu begraven op de Belgische militaire begraafplaats van De Panne, grafnummer J-97.

Edmond Maginet, de broer van Camiel, is al op 14-jarige leeftijd gaan werken in de kolenmijn van Marcinelle. Ook hier slaat het noodlot toe. Edmond verongelukt in de koolput van Saint-Vaast (La Louvière) op 10 maart 1943 bij een instorting.

http://www.oorlogserfgoedalveringem.be/nl/30-november-1917
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 21:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Historical Map of WWI: Mesopotamia July-November 1915

Illustrating
- Situation on November 30, 1915
- First Advance on Baghdad
- First Battle of Kut (Al-Kut) - September 28, 1915
- Second Battle of Kut (Al-Kut) - February 22-23, 1917

http://www.emersonkent.com/map_archive/mesopotamia_1915_B.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 21:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

November 1918: de maand waarin 20 Duitse vorsten moesten aftreden
Ann Biesemans, Tim Trachet

Het einde van de Eerste Wereldoorlog betekende het einde van het oude Europa. Zo verdwenen in enkele dagen tijd tientallen monarchieën die tot dan toe in Duitsland hadden bestaan. Vrijwel geruisloos.

(...) Willem II, koning van Württemberg - 30 november
Deze koning was bijzonder geliefd door zijn vriendelijkheid. Er zijn verhalen dat hij geregeld met zijn honden ging wandelen in de hoofdstad Stuttgart en daarbij iedereen die hij passeerde begroette en aan de kinderen snoep uitdeelde. Hij was dan ook zeer teleurgesteld toen hij op 9 november uit Stuttgart moest vluchten, nadat revolutionairen in zijn paleis waren binnengedrongen.
Hij ging naar een kasteel bij Tübingen waar hij op 30 november troonsafstand deed. Hij nam de titel hertog van Württemberg aan en kreeg het kasteel voor de rest van zijn leven met een dotatie van de staat. Toen hij in 1932 overleed, passeerde de lijkkoets overeenkomstig zijn wens niet door Stuttgart. Zo teleurgesteld dat hij was over gebrek aan steun van de bevolking. (...)

https://www.vrt.be/vrtnws/nl/2018/11/07/de-gevallen-duitse-vorsten-na-de-eerste-wereldoorlog/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 21:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Clarence Garfield Mainse

Private 781324, 28th Battalion Saskatchewan Regiment (Northwest), 6th Infantry Brigade 2nd Infantry Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF)

Personal information: Clarence Garfield Mainse was born on 3 November, 1892 in Lynhurst Ontario, thirty kilometres northeast of Kingston, Ontario. He was the oldest of five children born to Edward and Susan Mainse. Clarence came from a family of strong religious convictions, belonging to the Methodist congregation in Lynhurst.1 As a young unmarried man, he moved to Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, where he took a job as a clerk. Clarence was single when he enlisted with the 28th (Moose Jaws) Overseas Battalion in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan on 2 December, 1915.2 Clarence felt compelled to enlist and fight. In a letter to his mother, written two weeks before he enlisted, he wrote "I have done little enough for others and the bible says 'Love thy fellow man'. Does that not mean Belgian's suffering, northern France and poor Serbia?"3

Military movements: Upon enlistment in December 1915, Mainse and the rest of the 28th Battalion trained over the winter and spring of 1916 in Winnipeg. His decision to enlist was not readily accepted by his mother. In a letter written home on 30 December, 1915, he pleads with her to accept that he has joined. "Perhaps you will learn with regret that I have joined the colors…You have brought me up Canadian and a Canadian I'll live or die as the case may call for…4," suggesting that above all her fears, she must agree that he is doing his duty.

Clarence trained for the next nine months before moving east to Halifax on 15 August, 1916 for debarkation to England aboard the S.S. Grampian. The transport troop ship would arrive in Liverpool England on 24 August. The 28th Battalion would quickly board the transport trains for Bramshott Camp, north of Portsmouth, England. Here, the 28th would receive another three months of training in preparation for fighting in France and Belgium.

In preparation for his move onto the continent to fight in the war, Clarence made out his will at Bramshott Camp on 30 November, 1916. One week later, on 5 December, Clarence was taken on strength (TOS) with the 28th Battalion and shipped out to France the next day. The 28th Battalion was part of the 6th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division.5 Clarence would fight at the Battle of Vimy Ridge, Hill 70, and Passchendaele.6

The final days: On 5 November, 1917 Operation Order159 was issued ordering the 2nd Canadian Division to attack and capture the village of Passchendaele. The attack plan called for the 28th to move, take and hold the Mosselmarkt Road, northwest of Passchendaele. To the right of the 28th Battalion, the 31st moved to the northwest edge of the village and the 27th moved to attack the village itself. Specifically, the 28th Battalion was ordered to attack on the left of the front. The rest of the day of the 5th was spent getting the 27th Battalion in position on the right, the 31st Battalion in the centre and the 28th Battalion on the left.7

The Germans too wanted to keep Passchendaele and had reinforced their lines on 3 November with the 11th Division which had been transported from Champagne in Northern France. The importance of Passchendaele was not lost on the Germans. According to records from German High Command, "Passchendaele must be held or, if lost, recaptured at all costs."8

The morning of 6 November began with clear skies, but clouds rolled in as the day progressed. Mainse and the rest of the 28th Battalion began their attack at 6:00 a.m. using a heavy artillery barrage as cover to penetrate German lines. The 27th (Winnipeg), 28th (Saskatchewan) and 31st (Alberta) had to cover a distance of 1000 yards to reach their objectives.9 The battalions would move two minutes behind the artillery barrage that was intended to clear out German positions. For some battalions, the creeping barrage produced excellent results as German trenches were overrun and many prisoners taken before the Germans could get into position with their machine guns. The 27th and 31st Battalions covered the ground in good speed, but this is not the case for the 28th. Mud slowed the men down. Much of the terrain was muddy up to the knees and in some places up to the waist. This slowed the forward movement significantly, increasing the time span between artillery barrage and infantry attack. The result for the 28th Battalion was that it received the brunt of the German fire, resulting in heavy casualties. Members of the 28th Battalion were pinned down on two occasions by heavy German rearguard actions and got caught in their own artillery barrage.

Despite this setback, Passchendaele and the ridge to the north was in Canadian hands by 7:40 a.m. However, it cost the battalion dearly as 12 officers and 178 infantrymen were killed. Corporal H.C. Baker of the 28th Battalion remarked on the morning of 7 November, "My impression was that we had won the ridge but lost the battalion."10 In the early hours of 7 November, the 28th Battalion was relieved and bivouacked near a cemetery at Ypres. Soldiers recounted that soup was being served by cooks and this was their first hot meal in 72 hours. Roll call that day reveals that not many soldiers of the 28th Battalion remained alive after the previous day's attack.

The success of the attack was communicated to Canadian Commander Lt. General Sir Arthur Currie who passed the information onto General Head Quarters. Commander-in-Chief, Sir Douglas Haig, in his response to Currie, classified the importance of the attack and battle as one on par with Vimy Ridge. Overall, the cost in casualties was heavy. Between 26 October and 7 November, 1917 the Canadian Corps suffered some 16,000 casualties in taking Passchendaele; 3,000 dead, 1,000 missing and 12,000 wounded.

Medical records: Clarence was sent to a field ambulance on 22 April, 1917 and spent four days there due to illness. There is no specific information given of his illness. The only other entry in his medical record concerns his death during the Battle of Passchendaele. Mainse's body was taken to #1 Field Ambulance depot where he was examined and pronounced dead. His medical records reveal that he suffered from a concussion to the head by a German shell that had landed extremely close to him. This is consistent with information that is recorded about a heavy concentrated German artillery barrage after the Canadians had taken Passchendaele and the ridge beyond the town. The concussion was so severe that he died from the blast.

Lest We Forget: Clarence Mainse is buried at Vlamertinghe New Military Cemetery in Belgium. The cemetery now contains 1,813 Commonwealth burials of the First World War.11 In his written will he left everything to his mother. She received his military plaque with serial number 752774. He had received $402.01 in total from the CEF until his death.12 He was 25 years of age when he died.

1 Knowledge of Mainse's religious fervour told by Sharon Seward, niece of Clarence Mainse. Sharon Seward was interviewed in 2002.
2 Military File of Clarence G. Mainse. Library Archives Canada (LAC) Record Group (RG) 150, Accession 93/16/6, Box 5855 - 37.
3 Letter from Clarence Mainse to his mother, Susan Mainse, written on November 20, 1915. Letter provided by Kent Mainse of Athens Ontario, nephew of Clarence Mainse. Letter was shared with author in 2004.
4 Letter from Clarence Mainse to his mother, Susan Mainse, written on December 30, 1915. Letter provided by Kent Mainse of Athens Ontario, nephew of Clarence Mainse. Letter was shared with author in 2004.
5 G.W.L. Nicholson, Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919: The Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War (Ottawa: Queen's Printer, 1964), p. 549. For a complete breakdown of CEF units in France and Belgium please refer to Appendix B on pages 544-45 in Nicholson's official history.
6 For more information on the history of the 28th Battalion please refer to: G.E. Hewitt, The Story of the 28th (North-West) Battalion (London: Charles and Son, 1918). The 28th Battalion fought at St. Eloi, April, 1916; Hooge, June 6, 1916; Courcelette (Somme) September, 1916; Vimy Ridge, April 1917; Hill 70, August, 1917; Passchendaele, November 1917. This history can be viewed on the internet at: www.nwbattalion.com/hewitt/hewitt01.html.
7 War Diaries for 28th Battalion: RG9, Militia and Defence, Series III-D-3, Volume 4935. November 1917. Viewed online at: http://data2.collectionscanada.gc.ca/e/e039/e000972882.jpg. For complete details of the 28th battalion's orders view the Operation Orders and Narrative of Operations found at the end of the month for November 1917.
8 Daniel Dancocks, Legacy of Valour: The Canadians at Passchendaele (Hurtig Publishers, Edmonton, 1986) p. 161.
9 For an excellent visual overview of the attack on Passchendaele refer to Nicholson's official history maps, specifically Map 9.
10 Dancocks, p. 170.
11 Veterans Affaires Canada. In memory of Private Clarence Garfield Mainse. February 24, 2003. www.vac-acc.gc.ca/remembers/sub.cfm?source=collections/virtualmem/Detail&casualty=142809.
12 Military File of Clarence G. Mainse. LAC Record Group 150, Accession 1992-93/166, Box 5855 - 37.


http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/cenotaph/025009-110501-e.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 22:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Charles Edwin Woodrow (CEW) Bean, Australia's WW1 historian

Service Number: (Officers did not get a number allotted)
Rank: Captain (Honorary)
Unit: Staff
Service: Army
Honour / Award: Mention in Dispatches
Date of London Gazette: 13 July 1916, page 6941, position 4
Date of Commonwealth of Australia Gazette: 30 November 1916, page 3233, position 4

http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-heroes/bean.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 22:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Amman Valley Chronicle, 30 November 1916

SIR W. ROBERTSON ON THE WAR.

On Saturday, Sir William Robertson unveiled a memorial at Bradfield College in memory of the boys of the college who had fallen in the war. In the course of his speech, Sir William said : —

“We are now passing through a time of some stress – not very great stress, yet we must expect that it will be much greater in future; and in this connection we must remember that success in war, as in nearly everything else, invariably goes to those who can best set their teeth.

That is a remark that applies not merely to soldiers and sailors, but to the people at home, from the highest to the lowest.

“You wonder what I think about how the war is going. What I think about the war is this. We have every reason to be thoroughly satisfied with what we have done up to date, seeing the start we had, and we must look forward to the future with complete confidence, subject to the condition that we do the right thing and that we do it in time.

And I cannot help thinking that the whole Empire – I am referring to women as well as to men – is fully prepared to make any further sacrifices that its leaders may tell it are necessary in order to achieve complete victory and to ensure that the supreme sacrifice made by so much of the best of our manhood shall not have been made in vain.”

Sir William said he was often asked by foreigners how we obtained so many officers. His reply was that we got them very largely from among the Public School boys, who were not to be surpassed, and he thought not even to be equalled.

GERMANY’S MAN POWER.

The Christmas number of the “London Magazine” is of exceptional interest. The Right Hon. Winston Churchill continues his study of the war, and contributes something of even more intense interest than the two articles from his pen that have already appeared, and he devotes a considerable amount of space to the inner meaning of the attack on Verdun.

Writing on German man power, he states: “Every year 600,000 German youths reach military age. Until this annual increase has been consumed – and every life costs at least a life – no progress has been made towards the final exhaustion of the capital.

It is only the excess loss above the annual increment which constitutes definite progress towards the end. It is necessary, therefore, if the extermination plan is followed, that the pace of the struggle should be urged to the extreme in order that the period may be shortened.

For instance, if the war so languished that not more than 600,000 Germans were destroyed or disabled in any one year there would be no reason why their supply of men should ever run short. The pace of the struggle has already forced them to add largely to the number of their divisions.

The German armies, in response to the strains of 1916, have been greatly augmented, and it is probable that their field establishment comprises nearly 220 divisions, as compared with perhaps 180 at the beginning of the year. Each division is a lamp burning up the fuel of national life, or it is a tap through which the manhood of Germany bleeds away. The more numerous the divisions, the more rapid the exhaustion of men, guns, ammunition, clothing, boots, equipment, medicines, of wealth and power in all its forms.”

The “London” continues to carry a strong war interest. There is a serious of translations into many languages of a memorable statement made by Mr. Lloyd George. The brilliant naval authority, Gerard Fiennes, tells in his article, “A Ton for a Ton,” how to make Germany pay for her crimes at sea, and Mr. Bernard B. Falk from the text “All Hands on Deck” describes the great effort made by our country in the joint offensive against the Central Empires.

“The Mastery of the Air” is the title under which Mr. C. G. Grey, editor of “The Aeroplane,” writes an illuminating account of past defences and future needs in the domain of aerial warfare. In this he says: “Very few of the general public have discovered the interesting fact which the Censor kindly allowed me to publish some months ago that a British aeroplane has carried twenty one grown up men at once to a height of 7,000 feet, and only refrained from going higher because of thick clouds.

Now, obviously, I cannot say anything about the size of that machine, nor can I say how many engines it has, for that would convey valuable information to the enemy. But it is fairly obvious that if an ordinary aeroplane carries only two or three people, an aeroplane which carries twenty one must be considerably larger.”

While the war interest of the issue is strong, the fictional interest is also of an exceedingly high standard. The contributions to the fiction stories and articles include R. S. Warren Bell, Henry ---W--- Phillips, Roger Stafford, and Wm. Hope Hodgson.

PROGRESS OF THE WAR.

Nothing of an exciting nature has been reported during the week from the Western Front. There has been intermittent enemy shelling in various parts of the line, bombing, and one or two successful raids.

Serious news has come from Roumania, where the German army has captured two towns, one of which, Giurgevo, a Danube port opposite Restchuk, is only 36 miles from Bukarest, with which it is directly connected by road and rail.

Its capture shews that Mackensen, besides advancing over twenty miles north to Alexandria, has also marched 35 miles to the north east. The other town, in the north west, is Curtea de Arges, which is an ancient capital of Wallachia, and is the terminus of the railway from Bukarest via Pitesti. It has been described as the gate to Pitesti, from which it is twenty miles distant. Another 65 miles separate Pitesti from Bukarest.

On Thursday it was reported that Russia has delivered a counter blow in the Carpathians, with the object, apparently, of relieving the pressure on Roumania. The scene of the fighting is the southern corner of Bukovia.

In the Balkans east, west and north of Monstir, the Allies have again pushed forward, wresting a number of strategic points from the enemy. The Serbians have captured another height near Grunista (east of the Cerna), and a similar success has been gained by Zouaves north east of Monastir, while in the west the Italians are also progressing.

Lees meer op http://www.ammanfordfirestation.org.uk/WW1/1916/PaperForm/30_11_16.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 22:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

IMPERIAL GERMAN NAVY - AWARDS of the POUR LE MERITÉ

24 February 1918 - FregKapt. Karl August NERGER commander auxiliary cruiser/commerce raider Wolf. Sailed 30 November 1916 for Indian & Pacific Oceans, captured 14 British & Allied ships of 38,391grt, and laid mines which sank 13 more ships off South Africa, India, Ceylon/Sri Lanka, New Zealand & Australia. Returned to Germany on 19 February 1918 after an almost 15 month cruise (+cn/kp/nh) (left (PM))

http://www.naval-history.net/WW1MedalsGer-PMOrder1.jpg
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 22:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Tanks at Cambrai. 30th November 1917

3 Company, A Battalion, with Brigade, Guards Division, Corps
3 Company had 7 tanks in action on 30th November 1917 (W3):

Company Commander Maj Lakin

9 Section. Capt Ingham G,
A44, m, 8038 , “Ahmed II”, 2Lt Jones JE
A45, m, 8082, “Astica”, 2Lt Mathews G

11 Section. 2Lt Loveridge JL (in A53)
A52, m, 8091, “Artful Alice II”, Sgt Gardner JE
A53, m, 8087, “Angelina II”, Sgt Pearson D

12 Section. Capt Shillaker ECH
A56, 2885, “Amazon II”, 2Lt Grove A
A59, 4586, “Ambrosia II”, 2Lt Ehrhardt JA
A60, 8056, “Atlanta II”, 2Lt Hunnikin FS

Note. 1 Company commander’s report states each company deployed 6 tanks. This presumably only refers to 1 and 2 companies.

Orders (W1a ): The Battalion was ordered to proceed to Revlon Ridge where 3 Company deployed at 2pm. At 3.15pm the Battalion, less four tanks detached to attack via Chapel Cross, was ordered to attack Gouzeaucourt from the east; 3 Company on the left, 2 on the right.

Account of Operations (W1a): The company fired on some enemies on the Ridge then entered the village to find it in British hands (Guards), they patrolled the valley on the far side, north of the village.

A44 and A45 attacked together; both tanks engaged enemy MGs which were firing on them from the ridge to the right of Gouzeaucourt. Both tanks rallied, but A45 had problems with its petrol system whilst retiring to the rally point and thus returned to fins on the 1st.

A52 followed A53 then proceeded to the right of A52 and was hit on the left side and set afire at B25c.6.5. A53 turned left at R31c.3.9 and entered Gouzeaucourt where it contacted some Irish guards who didn’t require assistance; the tank parked at Q35d.10.3. until the 1st December when it moved to Q28d.3.3. and took up a defensive position. The crew was relieved at 10pm on the 1st by Sgt Fallen.

A56 fired on the enemy and ditched for some time 100yds from the village, it lost its right unditching rail but eventually unditched and rallied at the north end of the village at 4.50pm. A59 attacked and entered Gouzeaucourt but did not fire its weapons; the tank stood to at the SE corner of the village until the crew were relieved at noon on the 1st December. A60 was hit at the N end of Gouzeaucourt but managed to limp back to Rally Point.

Summary
Total Tanks: 7
Failed to Start: 0
Engaged enemy: 5
Ditched / Broke Down:
Hit and Knocked out: 1
Rallied: 6

Note: 3 of the rallied tanks were unfit for further action: A45, A56, and A60.

Aftermath: The Company rallied at Q35d central at 6.30am. The three tanks that were unfit for further action; A45, A56, and A60, were ordered to try and return to Fins. The other three tanks; A44, A53, and A59, moved to Queens Gate cross Q28d.2.1. at midnight on the 1st.

http://sites.google.com/site/landships/cambrainarratives/3-company-30-november-1917
Zie ook http://www.1914-1918.net/bat21.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 22:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

News extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 30 November 1918

MINNIE ZEIGLER. – Many of our readers who will have pleasant memories of Moruya’s graceful equestrienne, Miss Minnie Zeigler, of Pompey Point, who married Mr. “Ben” Harkus, and subsequently went with him to England on his way to the Boer War, where he died, will now regret to hear that we have just had word of her untimely demise, in England. Our informant, who is in a position to know, writes us to say that she worried very much over her son Roy being sent back the second time to the firing line after being burnt and his back injured in a flying machine, from the effects of which he had lain for months on his back unable to turn of his own accord. She also fretted over her daughter’s husband being away in the Royal Navy, and her own husband (she having married a second time) at the war from its inception.

HONOR FLAG. – The Honor Flag presented to Moruya for having raised its quota of £20,000 towards the Seventh War Loan (the actual amount subscribed being over £23,000) was proudly floating over the Red Cross Stall on Saturday. The flag – which is a very attractive one – will be given a position over the Shire Chambers.

https://www.beagleweekly.com.au/single-post/2018/11/27/100-Years-Ago---30th-Nov-1918
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 22:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De ‘onneembare’ Duitse stelling. De strijd aan de Hindenburglinie in 1917 en 1918

(...) De tanks waren aan de voorkant voorzien van bundels rijshout om een brug over de loopgraven te maken en van haken om prikkeldraadversperringen weg te trekken. Er was nagedacht over de juiste tactiek en de troepen hadden daarop getraind; de tanks gingen voorop en de infanterie volgde. Dit leidde tot een doorbraak van de Hindenburglinie van ongeveer acht km. Van de ingezette tanks ging ongeveer tweederde verloren in de gevechten, maar de aanval was een groot succes.Het succes van de Britse aanval kon echter niet bestendigd worden. Er was weer een uitstulping in het vijandelijke front gecreëerd die moeilijk te verdedigen was en gemakkelijk afgeknepen kon worden. Zoals zo dikwijls aan het Westelijk Front moest door een Duitse tegenaanval van het Tweede Leger onder leiding van generaal Georg von der Marwitz - zonder tanks, maar met een verbeterde infanterietactiek door de nieuw gevormde stormtroepen - het veroverde gebied weer volledig prijsgegeven worden op 30 november 1917.De Britse verliezen van de slag bij Cambrai bedroegen uiteindelijk rond de 50 duizend man. De Duitse verliezen lagen in dezelfde orde van grootte en vele dodelijke slachtoffers werden bijgezet op de Duitse begraafplaats Cambrai. (...)

http://www.ssew.nl/onneembare-duitse-stelling-strijd-hindenburglinie-1917-1918
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 22:23    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

REPLY FROM TROTSKY, COMMISSAR FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS, TO THE STATEMENT OF THE BRITISH EMBASSY ON THE SOVIET PEACE PROPOSALS, 30 November 1917

We consider it necessary to make the following explanation, on the basis of information received by us in the People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs, concerning the statement issued by the British Embassy.

An open proposal for an immediate armistice was made to all peoples, allied and enemy, by the Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies on 26 October [8 November]. Thus three days before the People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs sent the note, the Allied Governments and Embassies were fully and correctly informed of the steps which the Soviet Government proposed to take. It is clear, therefore, that the People's Commissar had absolutely no interest in making his note known to the German authorities before making it known to the Allied Embassies. The note addressed to the Allies and the orders telegraphed to General Dukhonin were written and sent simultaneously. If it is true that the Embassies received the note later than Dukhonin, that is explained entirely and exclusively by secondary technical reasons wholly unrelated to the policy of the Council of People's Commissars.

There is no doubt, however, that the Council of People's Commissars made its appeal to the German military authorities independent of the approval or disapproval of the Allied Governments. In this sense the policy of the Soviet Government is absolutely clear. Since it does not consider itself bound by the formal obligations of the old Governments, the Soviet Government in its struggle for peace is guided only by the principles of democracy and the interests of the world working class. That is precisely why the Soviet Government is aiming at a general and not a separate peace. It is convinced that by the united efforts of the peoples against the imperialist Governments such a peace will be secured.

http://www.marxistsfr.org/history/ussr/government/foreign-relations/1917/November/30.htm
Ook hier: https://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/government/foreign-relations/1917/November/30.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 22:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Poverty Bay Herald, Volume XLIV, Issue 14468, 30 November 1917

http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=PBH19171130.2.17.10
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 22:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Walter Napleton Stone

Walter Napleton Stone VC (1891 - 30 November 1917) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He was born in Blackheath, London.

Born on 7 December 1891 to Edward and Emily Frances Stone, of Blackheath, London. Stone was educated at Harrow School and Pembroke College, Cambridge.

As a 25 year-old, he was an Acting Captain in the 3rd Battalion, The Royal Fusiliers, British Army, attached 17th (Service) Battalion during the First World War. He was awarded the VC for his actions on 30 November 1917 in the Cambrai Sector, France, which lead to his death.

Citation: For most conspicuous bravery when in command of a company in an isolated position 1,000 yards in front of the main line, and overlooking the enemy's position. He observed the enemy massing for an attack, and afforded invaluable information to battalion headquarters. He was ordered to withdraw his company, leaving a rearguard to cover the withdrawal. The attack developing with unexpected speed, Capt. Stone sent three platoons back and remained with the rearguard himself. He stood on the parapet with the telephone under a tremendous bombardment, observing the enemy and continued to send back valuable information until the wire was cut by his orders. The rearguard was eventually surrounded and cut to pieces, and Capt. Stone was seen fighting to the last till he was shot through the head. The extraordinary coolness of this heroic officer and the accuracy of his information enabled dispositions to be made just in time to save the line and avert disaster.—The London Gazette, 12 February 1918

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Napleton_Stone
Zie ook http://www.cwgc.org/search/casualty_details.aspx?casualty=1757119
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Roland Boys Bradford

Roland Boys Bradford VC MC (22 February 1892 – 30 November 1917) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Bradford was born on 22 February 1892 to George Bradford.[1] and educated at Epsom College in Surrey. He had two brothers, James Barker and George Nicholson. He was 24 years old, and a Temporary Lieutenant Colonel in the 9th Bn., The Durham Light Infantry, British Army, Commander during the First World War. He was awarded the VC for his actions on 1 October 1916 at Eaucourt L'Abbaye, France

VC Citation: For most conspicuous bravery and good leadership in attack, whereby he saved the situation on the right flank of his Brigade and of the Division. Lieutenant-Colonel Bradford's Battalion was in support. A leading Battalion having suffered very severe casualties, and the Commander wounded, its flank became dangerously exposed at close quarters to the enemy. Raked by machine-gun fire, the situation of the Battalion was critical. At the request of the wounded Commander, Lieutenant-Colonel Bradford asked permission to command the exposed Battalion in addition to his own. Permission granted, he at once proceeded to the foremost lines. By his fearless energy under fire of all description, and his skilful leadership of the two Battalions, regardless of all danger, he succeeded in rallying the attack, captured and defended the objective, and so secured the flank.
—The London Gazette, 24 November 1916

On 20 November 1917, at the age of 25, he was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General; he was the youngest general officer in the British Army of modern times (and the youngest promoted professionally, earlier young generals were simply due to position). Ten days later, he was killed in action, at Cambrai, France, on 30 November 1917.

His two brothers, Lieutenant Commander George Nicholson Bradford VC, and Second Lieutenant James Barker Bradford, both died in service. George and Roland were the only brothers to win the VC in World War I.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roland_Boys_Bradford
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 22:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Bourlon Wood - A brief chronology of the 6th battalion South Staffordshire regiment to 1919

Bourlon Wood, 30th November 1917

For the 2/6th Battalion, there were two days during their war service which resulted in most of the deaths in the Battalion. The opening day of the German offensive, 21st March 1918, gave the largest number of casualties, but the defense of Bourlon Wood, the previous November, resulted in a large number of deaths, and also the invaliding out of the army a large proportion of the Battalion.

Below are three accounts of this action, including extracts from the war diary, which show that the Battalion required 10 weeks out of the line to recover, and receive a large number of reinforcements.

On the morning of November 27th sudden orders were received to move within half an hour, the route being through Gouzeaucourt, Villiers Plouich to Ribecourt, and along a road packed with military traffic of all sorts. On November 28th news of difficulty in progress was received, and there was a check on the forward movement. A party from each Company went forward to learn the lie of the land and the scene of operations, and saw every sign of a coming battle on a big scale. Notably there were the Tanks. The particular locality from the Battalion’s point of view was Bourlon Wood, where Battalion Hqrs. were situated in a big and deep dug-out. The wood was crowded with British troops—guardsmen, dismounted cavalry, Londoners, North-countrymen and Staffordshire Midlanders. The Battalion arrived in the midst of a formidable shelling, its CO. then being Lieut.-Col. Stuart Wortley and its Company Commanders Captain Yeatman (” A “), Lieut. Astbury (” B “), Captain Sheppard (” C “), and Captain A. F. Brown (” D “).
Shelling continued and casualties, now begun, did not cease. The air became heavy with gas, and there was no wind to scatter it. It was a crowded area, extremely inconvenient and poisonous. If the shelling diminished with the dawn, the obsession of enemy ‘planes took its place, the ‘planes flying low and reconnoitring for a purpose it was not possible to doubt. And with the dusk the intensity of the shelling was renewed and increased, the range being even more accurate than before on account of the reconnaissance. An endless stream of casualties poured from the wood, looming a dark and formidable mass in the night. Incessant gas-shells made the ubiquitous poison deadly, The defenders of the place were blind and vomiting long before the attack ahead developed. The serious and critical nature of the attack was evident from the appalling noise and energy of our own bombardment. It was on the morning of November 30th that the impact came. If it had reached our men in the wood, the mustard gas would have destroyed all power of resistance. As it was, the front line held and there were still some remnants of our unit for the 2/4th Lincolns to relieve on Saturday, December 1st. But the casualties had been devastating. Particular mention should be made of Captain Atkinson, who, returning from leave on the evening of the 30th, refused to avail himself of the usual boon of staying in the transport lines over-night, and preferred to return at once to his men, and so went voluntarily to his death. Of the five hundred or six hundred men of the Battalion who marched into Bourlon Wood, less than one hundred marched out. The stretcher-bearers had over half a mile to travel with their burdens, and yet they excelled themselves in their effort and achievement, as is authoritatively recorded. Of those who had to make their own way on foot, the picture of those strings of blind men, led by one who could see, and each with a hand on the other’s shoulder, is never to be forgotten. Such, indeed, was the havoc wrought by the poison gas, that what was left of the Battalion had to be withdrawn for a period of six weeks, to recover some measure of physical fitness. For them, Christmas 1917 passed pleasantly enough, thanks to such entertainments as Miss Lena Ashwells Concert Party, or to the ever-increasing friendship with the 2/6th North Staffords, near neighbours


***

We stayed in this area till November 17th, when we were relieved by the 3rd Canadian Brigade, and moved South to be in reserve for the Cambrai battle, which commenced on November 20th. On November 23rd we arrived at Heudicourt in reserve to the South portion of the salient we were now holding in front of Welsh ridge. I went up to see the 6th Buffs of the 12th Division, and was shocked to see how thin the whole line was. The men had been in the line since carrying out the first attack, and had suffered 50 per cent. Of casualties, and the O.C. told me all the Brigades of the Division were in like plight. This so impressed me that I determined to practice for a counter attack on Gouzeaucourt. On the supposition that the enemy had broken through, I held a tactical scheme for officers on November 26th, and on November 27th we were to have done it with the whole Brigade, but fortunately the morning dawned wet, so we stood by. At 10 a.m. we were told to march across the base of the salient to Flesquieres to relieve the Guards, who had one Brigade roughly handled at Bourlon Wood. The Brigade billeted that night round Ribecourt, and on November 28th took over from the 2nd Guards Brigade in the Bourlon Wood and Fontaine sectors. The
2/5th Leicesters were attached to the Brigade, and were put to the right support.

2/5th South Staffs. On right
2/5th North Staffs. In centre.
2/6th North Staffs. Bourlon Wood
2/6th South Staffs. Support in Bourlon Wood

I at once realised that no sane man would attempt to attack through Bourlon Wood, which at that time was so knocked about that it was almost impossible to get through, and I asked General Romer if I might hold the wood with two Companies and move the remainder back to a more healthy position, where they could be used if required to counter attack, as it seemed quite obvious that in case of a Hun attack, the enemy would fill the wood with gas and attack on each side. General Romer quite agreed, and orders for this had actually gone out when a wire arrived to say that Corps did not approve as they considered Bourlon Wood a most important tactical feature, and the minimum garrison must betwo Battalions. I could have cried as I knew what was coming, and if my Battalions broke on the Fontaine Sector (they were stretched like a bow-string), I had no reserves. On 30th November the storm broke, but miraculously the bow string held, but all the while gas was being pumped into Bourlon Wood. The Hun broke through the 55th Division front and captured Gouzeaucourt, threatening our rear. If only we had still been at Heudicourt we should have had the unique experience of actually carrying out in reality what we had practiced in a field day, and I have always regretted that this experience was denied us. Certainly no one could have done the job better than the Guards did without any rehearsal at all, but I could not help smiling to myself when I remembered the unholy glee with which the Guards handed over to us, and departed to their well-earned rest, only to be hauled back again. On December 1st the poor 2/6th South and 2/6th North were in a very bad state suffering from gas; the whole wood smelt like a laboratory, and these Battalions had now had 36 hours of it, so that it was almost impossible to avoid taking off your gas mask, if only to put some food in. The result, of course, was that these Battalions, with the T.M. Battery, had to be sent back to Rue on the sea coast to recover. They left on December 10th, and did not rejoin the Brigade until the end of January; practically all those who had been in the wood had to be evacuated and took no further part in the War. The 2/5th South Staffs and 2/5th North Staffs, although stretched to their utmost, withstood the repeated attacks of the enemy. Corporal Thomas, 2/5th North Staffs, as related elsewhere in this book, gained the V.C. for his gallant conduct on this day. On December 5th the Brigade was withdrawn to Ytres and Lechelle, but on December 10th the 2/5th South Staffs and 2/5th North Staffs returned to the trenches, coming under the orders of the 178th Brigade, but Christmas and New Year was spent in the Le Cauroy area well behind the lines.


http://blackcountry-territorials.org/articles/bourlon-wood
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Nov 2010 22:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Cumberland & Westmorland Herald - 30 November 1918

Penrith POW Percy Scott 30 November 1918 .

One of the first repatriated prisoners from Penrith to reach home is Pte
Percy Scott, oldest son of Mr and Mrs William Scott, Ingleside, Penrith, who arrived home on Tuesday night and received a warm welcome from his family and friends. Private Scott joined the Westmorland and Cumberland Yeomanry in 1914 when only 16 years of ageand acted as regimental bugler, later passing into the band while stationed at Cupar.
On reaching military age he passed into the Border Regiment and was sent to France. He was taken prisoner on 27th May this year ( 1918 ), at the time he was doing R.A.M.C work.

He was captured while helping a wounded Corporal whom he refused to leave.

Private Scott is a modest and unassuming young man and not given to exaggeration and his story of how the Germans treated their prisoners has thus added value. Private Scott was captured by a German machine gun squad while helping his patient through the French village of Rucy?in the Soissons district and was at once stripped of his watch, knife, haversack and dressing case. He was then marched to a receiving cage behind the enemy lines, he and other prisoners were kept there a week and were compelled to assist in putting down a light railway.

These prisoners behind the lines were the worst treated for they were beyond the kindly reaches of the prisoner of war committees; they were disgracfully fed and had to work under the constant risks of our own artillery fire. As soon as the rails were laid the British guns blew them to smithereens and the work had all to be begun again. During the week that Pte Scott was there he received one meal of flour and water on his first day, and this had to be drunk out of his steel helmet. For the next two days he got nothing but the next day the flour and water ration was repeated.

After the week had elapsed Pte Scott was sent to Lappion to work in a German hospital as a stretcher bearer, the hospital was a church and the wounded - German, French and British were brought there in trucks. The doctors there were fairly decent but they were handicapped by the lack of surgical appliances, anaesthetics and bandages, these latter and the towels were made of paper and when saturated were of little use. After a week there he was moved on toHirson, where the prisoners were kept in a fort and were fed on a soup made of what looked like cods roe; at Hirson he received his first bread since his capture, one loaf divided among six prisoners this allotment had to last a day. It was made of potato flour and coarse maize.

Soon after they were taken to Darmstadt, travelling for thirty hours in cattle trucks on one day's ration of bread and no soup. Here they were inoculated four times and vaccinated once an outbreak of dysentry through weakness caused by want of proper food put half the men on the sick list, they were then provided with a proper passenger train to continue the journey to Munster where he stayed six weeks and shared in the parcels which the old prisoners were receiving . At Munster the Germans took the boots from the prisoners and gave them wooden clogs to wear.

From here Pte Scott was sent to a mining camp at Sterkrade where he worked until his release in the coal pits there, the prisoners being mixed with German miners who had seen service at the front and had been invalided. They had to work in eight hour shifts, but on Fridays and Tuesdays the shifts were increased to twelve hours to make up for Sundays rest.

They were allowed a daily ration of bread and two bowls of soup made mostly of cabbage and potatoes and were paid one paper mark ( 10d ) a day, this was not currency outside the camp canteen and as the canteen only sold hardware such as tin cups the mark was largley a mark of servitude. Occasionally the Germans used threats to the prisoners and a coal spade would be held aloft but the men defended themselves with their miners lamps and the threats ended in nothing more than idle boasts. The prisoners slept in barracks which Pte Scott says were a palace compared with some prisoners quarters. Conditions in the outside world must have been very bad by this time because the German miners who were mostly socialists complained bitterly of the food and worked according to the ration " not much food, not much coal " was their muttered code of morals.

The german women working in the mine were scantily attired for with paper stockings at 25 marks a pair and shoes at famine prices they had to go without, some of the women wore a flat wooden sandal simply made of a flat piece of wood strapped to the foot.

One of the German miners, who was more humane than the other had worked as a chef in London and had two sons fighting in the British army.

When the revolution broke out in Germany, the prisoners had been aware for some time what was brewing and were not surprised on that fateful Saturday morning when the civilian populationarrested the soldiers and stripped their cap badges and epaulettes from their uniforms in some cases smashing their rifles in two pieces, then the civil guard wearing white armbands, mounted machine guns and informed the prisoners that if they did not keep order they would be shot.

The sentries took themselves off and the prison gates were left open on the morning of the armistice, the 70 British and 80 French prisoners were marched to Friedrichsfeld, 35 kilometers by road, thence to Wesel, where they entrained for Zevenaar in Holland, had a triumphal march through Rotterdam and so home to "Blighty ".

http://www.cultrans.com/cumberland-a-westmorland-herald/30-november-1918/4934-penrith-pow-percy-scott-30-november-1918
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Elections

On 30 November 1918, the Council of People’s Representatives decided that elections to a constituent German National Assembly would be held on 19 January 1919.

http://www.bundestag.de/htdocs_e/artandhistory/history/factsheets/november_revolution.pdf
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World War 1: American Soldier's Letters Home

Letter written November 30, 1918

Dear Mother -:

This will be more or less in the line of a second installment of the continued story I began in the last letter. As for myself just at present there is nothing new – we are still in the middle of Luxemburg and very quiet but I rather imagine that we will drag out before many more days.

We left off the last time if I remember correctly at the time we left the Luneville sector in Nov. (Paul is here relating his experiences as an officer in the U.S. Army’s First Division since beginning artillery training after receiving his commission. Before the Armistice, censorship prohibited his offering any details of operations or location in his letters home.) Well, we started from there to march to our winter quarters which were in the middle of the Meuse valley, probably the worst locality in France. At least it has that reputation for every time you even mention it to a Frenchman, he shivers, groans and makes some appropriate remark highly uncomplimentary. We were four days on the road and finally ended up in a little place about ten kilometers from Gondrecourt called Chassy. It was miserable, and medieval was the only word that describes it. I think I wrote you about it at the time for I was quite impressed and depressed also. However we started out almost immediately on a series of maneuvers which kept our minds off anything else. I don’t believe I ever worked harder or had longer hours in my life as did also all the rest of the division. In speaking about it still the men call it the Gondrecourt war and insist that it was without doubt the hardest battle they ever endured. There was one advantage, however, in that it made everything that ever followed it seem easy. That kept up until the first part of January with a welcome relief of one day off for Xmas and one for New Year’s. The weather was also in keeping with the whole performance as it alternately rained and snowed the whole time with now and then a day when it got so cold that it was almost impossible to breathe. The climate of the Meuse is more like that of Auburn than any place I have been since I left the village of the plain. I remember one day in particular we left Chassy to make a reconnaissance at four the morning. It gets light about eight at this time of the year. It was raining blue blazes and the roads were an absolute glare of ice. The major was along and all the officers of the battalion together with an immense detail of men carrying all the artillery instruments known to man. I have a hunch we looked something like the children of Israel coming out of Egypt. We rode away like blazes as the place of business was a long way off and of all the rides I ever hope to take that one wins. You could see absolutely nothing and we were supposed to be following the major. Every once in a while you would hear some one go down swoosh! Great cursings and howling would follow but those still up never stopped a second. Everyone that I saw afterward took one or more spills during that ride. Well, some of us arrived finally, the major unfortunately being one. I can see him yet as he stood there in the grey dawn with the water running off his nose and the slush into the top of his boots cussing everything under the sun and us in particular, for most of all we were late, and the others from the other brigade had gone on somewhere else. We were till noon getting that whole detail together and then having messed around for an hour or so we rode home again in the dark. Such was life but as I said everything after that seemed easy.

This is about all now but as the Ladies Home Journal says “will be continued in our next number.

This is, I think, about time to wish every one a merry Xmas tho it seems queer.
With love
Paul

http://wwar1letters.blogspot.com/2008/12/letter-written-november-30-1918.html
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Kaiser Wilhelm II's Abdication Proclamation, 28 November 1918

His abdication proclamation was formally published in Berlin on 30 November 1918.

http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/abdication.htm
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Influenza epidemic at its height in Manchester
Guardian, Saturday 30 November 1918

The influenza in Manchester has reached an acute stage. For the last month, the number of sufferers and the rate of mortality have steadily increased, and this week illness has been more widespread than ever.

Medical authorities, however, regard the outbreak as having reached the culminating point, and anticipate a decline from now onwards. Last night, representatives of places of amusement in Manchester met Dr Niven and the chief constable, and decided not, at present, to admit children under fourteen to performances.

Meanwhile, doctors are unable to respond to all the calls made upon them. "We are only human," said a doctor to a representative of the Manchester Guardian yesterday "and cannot do the impossible. It is inevitable that some people cannot be attended to at all."

Interment of the Dead

A situation has arisen in connection with the interment of the dead which, it is stated, is a grave menace to the public health.

All the mortuaries are full. Undertakers, who have been working night and day, cannot keep pace with orders and, at cemeteries, the labour required for grave digging has proved quite inadequate. The opening of a grave cannot be guaranteed in less than eight or ten days from the placing of an order, and instances have occurred of almost a fortnight elapsing between the date of death and the day of burial.

Every effort is being made to secure the release of skilled coffin-makers from the army, and a certain amount of soldier labour for the digging of graves has already been obtained.

Dr Niven , medical officer of health for Manchester, said, in the course of an interview yesterday, that the delay in the carrying out burials and the collection in undertakers' establishments of persons who had died from an infectious disease was certainly a very unsatisfactory state of affairs.

It was an imperative necessity that the War Office should send skilled coffin-makers back to the workshops without delay. The situation might be relieved by greater simplicity in funeral arrangements but relatives were insisting on strict observance of custom, with its paraphernalia of hearse, coaches and elaborate oak coffins. Another method of amelioration would be a more extensive use of the crematorium.

Much more grave than in the summer

Dr Niven added that the outbreak in the middle of last summer was very bad, but the present form of the illness was much more severe.

Although he could not say definitely that the American troops introduced it to this country, it certainly broke out shortly after they were landed. To be quite sure whether or not the Americans did bring it here, it would be necessary to discover whether the London outbreak preceded or followed the arrival of American troops.

Yesterday, all schools in Manchester were closed until after the Christmas holidays, and an effort is being made to bring about the closing of all Sunday schools as from tomorrrow.

Dr Ritchie, schools' medical officer for Manchester, said the closing of schools was caused in a few instances by the illness of the staffs, but the general order was given as a protective measure. On this occasion, the epidemic had developed more slowly, with the result that there was a large number of convalescent and debilitated children, who would, in the ordinary course, drift back to school.

He did not think there were many more people affected now than in the summer, but the colder and more inclement weather had made complications more numerous, and had caused a bigger number of deaths.

The progressive nature of the epidemic is evident from figures showing the death rate in Manchester in the past four weeks.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/1918/nov/30/health.lifeandhealth
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30. November 1918 - Frauen in Deutschland erhalten Wahlrecht

Der Kampf um das Frauenwahlrecht in Deutschland beginnt 1848 mit der Märzrevolution: "Frauen wie Männer wollten mehr Rechte", sagt die Autorin Isabel Rohner. "Auch Frauen haben sich an den Kämpfen auf den Barrikaden beteiligt." Eine von ihnen ist die Feministin Mathilde Anneke, die in Köln die "Frauen-Zeitung" herausbrachte.

Doch die Revolution scheitert. "Der Staat schlug mit allem zurück, was er hatte", sagt Literaturwissenschaftlerin Rohner. "Auch ganz gezielt gegen diese aufmüpfigen Frauen." Die Frauenbewegung wird per Gesetz ausgebremst. Ab 1851 ist es Frauen laut des Pressegesetzes verboten, in verantwortlichen Positionen in Redaktionen mitzuarbeiten oder Zeitungen herauszugeben.

Lees verder op https://www1.wdr.de/stichtag/stichtag-frauen-wahlrecht-deutschland-100.html
Zie ook hier: http://www.documentarchiv.de/wr/1918/reichswahlgesetz.html
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'Nottingham Evening Post', 30th November 1918

"A remarkable story of a soldier's downfall was related at the Nottingham Shire Hall to-day, when Percy Francis Toplis, alias Williams, 30, [sic] was charged with obtaining a gold bracelet watch from Frederick Edward Tweed [sic - Teed], of High street, Hucknall.

"Prosecutor stated that on September 27th prisoner called at his shop and asked to see some gold bracelet watches. He was dressed as an officer in the A.S.C. [Army Service Corps], and had a number of chevrons on his coat, as well as the Mons decoration. Selecting a watch, he took from his pocket a cheque book, and made out a cheque for £9, at the same time remarking that the extra half-crown was "the hall-mark of a gentleman." The cheque was signed in the name of John Henry Williams, and was drawn on the London County and Westminster Bank at Beckenham, Kent.

"It turned out that he had no account there, and that the cheque book belonged to a Lieut. Copeland Barker, of London.

"When taken over from the Metropolitan police by Detective-Sergt. Hames, he said, "I sold the watch to an officer at Folkestone for £3".

"Deputy Chief Constable Harrop told the Bench that prisoner was a miner, and belonged to Derbyshire. He had deserted from the R.A.M.C. [Royal Army Medical Corps] at Salonika in June. In addition to this charge, he was wanted for obtaining £10 by false pretences from a bank at Mansfield Woodhouse on September 3rd. There had been a number of convictions against him since 1908. He openly boasted that he was going to obtain as much money as possible from banks. A revolver and cartridges were found on him, and a cheque made out to himself for £5, signed in the name of Harold Sowtar, captain of the 7th Battalion Wiltshire Regiment.

"Prisoner, who now said he was not a deserter, but only an absentee, was given the maximum penalty of six months' hard labour. He asked that £7, which was found on him, should be returned, but Mr. Harrop thought it would be more proper to hand it over to the prosecutor."

http://en-gb.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=124249327593813
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Al-Arab, Volume 3, Number 153, November 30, 1918

The newspaper Al-Arab (The Arabs) was first published in Baghdad on July 4, 1917, some four months after British troops captured the city from the Turks, thereby ending three centuries of Ottoman rule. The paper appeared at a critical period in the history of Iraq.
Issued by the British authorities, it served as a mouthpiece for the British administraion at a time of rising Iraqi and Arab nationalism. It depicted the Ottomans as foreigners and the British as liberators and sought to advance broader British military and political strategy against the Ottomans in World War I. The title, masthead (which declared the paper “Arabic in principle and purpose, established in Baghdad by Arabs and for Arabs”), and content all sought to present the paper as homegrown and Arab in allegiance. An editorial in the first issue described the Turks as “sons of Gog and Magog, who want to annihilate the Arabs, this good race that in its past served knowledge, progress, coexistence and humanity in an unforgettable manner….” The paper covered politics, news, history, and literature. It was edited by the theologian and scholar Anistās al-Karmilī, an Iraqi Christian of Lebanese descent. Al-Arab initially appeared every two days but beginning with issue 28 was published every day except Sunday. The paper was at first two pages, with supplements at various times, but it became four pages starting with the January 1, 1918 issue. It ceased publication in May 1920 and was replaced by the newspaper Al-Iraq (Iraq), the first issue of which appeared on June 1, 1920.

https://www.wdl.org/en/item/12655/
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Diary of Alexander Sutherland Mackay, 8 November - 30 November 1918

Loose page diary relating to the First World War service of 30137 Gunner Alexander Sutherland Mackay, 8th Australian Field Artillery Brigade. This diary written between 8 November and 30 November 1918 covers: details of the rumours he hears surrounding the armistice with Germany; his hope to be on leave when peace is declared; the work of the German prisoners; his disappointment that there is little available to celebrate the armistice and thoughts of how the news will be received in Australia; the frustration of the lack of news given their isolated location and his thoughts on the flu outbreak in France and England.

https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/C2622971
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Lenin - 'Staat en Revolutie'- 30 november 1917

(...) Hoe we ons precies de communistische maatschappij moeten voorstellen, is een vraag waarop we van de leiders maar een vaag antwoord hebben gekregen. Marx beschouwde het opstellen van utopieën als een nutteloos tijdverdrijf. Hij heeft gezegd, dat de communistische samenleving niet bij volksbesluit zal worden ingevoerd, maar door ontwikkelingen uit de ten dode opgeschreven samenleving. Men moet niet zijn tijd verdoen met beschouwingen over de vorm van de nieuwe samenleving. Over de inrichting van een communistische samenleving hebben Marx en Engels bitter weinig gezegd.

Zo ook Lenin. In zijn pamflet ‘Staat en Revolutie’ van 30 november 1917 schreef hij: ‘Het is voorzeker aangenamer en nuttiger de ervaringen van de revoluties door te maken dan in het schrijven erover’. Lenin was toen voorzitter van de Raad van Volkscommissarissen, Kerenski was gevlucht, zijn ministers zaten achter slot en grendel, de Sovjets hadden zich van het bevind meester gemaakt en de revolutie was in het grootste deel van Europees Rusland aan het zegevieren. (...)

https://www.karlbarth.nl/wolzak-negentig-jaar-russische-revolutie/
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Siegburger Kreisblatt vom 30. November 1917: Einige Sieglarer Landwirte befinden sich vor dem Bonner Strafgericht.

Sieglar. Aus der Montagssitzung der
Bonner Strafkammer
. Die Landwirte Caspar
Bo., Edmund We. und Josef Fr. aus Sieg-
lar waren vom Schöffengericht Siegburg am
Juli zu 50, 60 und 100 Mark Geldstrafe
verurteilt worden, weil sie bei der amtlichen
Erhebung am 15. Februar der Vorräte von ge-
droschenen Körnerfrüchten große Mengen von
Getreide, wie 11 und 30 Zentner Roggen, 45
Zentner Gerste, 17 Zentner Weizen nicht ange-
meldet bezw. verheimlicht haben sollten. Gegen
dieses Urteil hatte der Amtsanwalt, gleichzei-
tig aber auch der Landwirt Bo. und Genossen
Berufung eingelegt. Nach längerer Verhand-
lung brachte die Strafkammer die Sache zur
Vertagung, um weitere Zeugen zu laden.

https://archivewk1.hypotheses.org/44655
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RIFLEMAN JOHN TOM HOGG (30 NOVEMBER 1917)

Rifleman John Tom Hogg, North Shields, Durham & Newcastle. Died 30/11/1917 age 33. London Regiment (Queen’s Westminster Rifles) 1st/16th Bn. Service No.555172. Commemorated at Cambrai Memorial, Louverval, France, Panel 12.

John was the son of Robert and Elizabeth Ann Hogg (née Coulson). He was born in the fourth quarter of 1884 in North Shields.

John, who worked as a shop assistant, married Ethel Muriel Crosby of 93 Mowbray Road, South Shields on 10 August 1914 at Christ Church, North Shields. Together they had a Son, John C. Hogg, born in 1917.

Whilst living at 17, Widdrington Terrace, John joined the 1st. / 16th. Bn. Queens Westminster Rifles, service No. 555172.

He was killed in action on 30 November 1917 aged 33. He is remembered on the Cambrai Memorial, Louveral, France, panel 12 and on the memorial in Newcastle Cathedral.

John’s brother, Second Lieutenant Robert Morrison Hogg, Durham Light Infantry, also a bellringer, died on 1 April 1918, while a prisoner of war, and is buried in Cologne Southern Cemetery, Germany.

https://ringingtoremember.wordpress.com/2018/03/23/rifleman-john-tom-hogg-30-november-1917/
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Lieutenant IVAN LAING - died 30 November 1917

Aged: 32
Unit: 2nd Coldstream Guards
Awards: M C
Buried at: METZ-EN-COUTURE COMMUNAL CEMETERY BRITISH EXTENSION

The son of Hawick factory owner John Turnbull Laing, Ivan and his siblings were educated at the family home before he went to New College, Eastbourne to further his education. He also received tuition abroad, in Belgium. Laing was a fine all-round sportsman who swam for Scotland, played rugby for the Hawick XV, and even had a trial with the Scottish national side, but it was at hockey that he excelled and, along with his brothers, played for the Teviotdale mixed hockey club. He later joined the Hawick club

He was a member of the Scotland team that went to the 1908 London Olympics, although he was not originally selected for the squad. It was the first time hockey had been played at the Olympics and less than five minutes after the start of their match against Germany at the White City on 29 October 1908, Laing had the distinction of scoring the first goal in Olympic hockey history as Scotland went on to win 4-0. Scotland went on to win the Bronze Medal.

When war broke out, Laing enlisted into the London Regiment before being gazetted into the 2nd battalion, Coldstream Guards, where his older brother Walter served as an officer. Ivan was sent to France in 1916 and immediately saw action at the Somme that merited recommendation for a Military Cross. During an attack in November 1917, however, when the Germans tried to re-gain the area they had lost the previous year, Laing was killed by machine gun fire. In 2009, an annual Ivan Laing Hockey Match between the senior boys and senior girls at Hawick High School was inaugurated and donated by the Hawick Archaeological Society.

http://eyewitnesstours.com/lieutenant-ivan-laing-died-30-november-1917/
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THE FUNERAL OF THE EMPEROR FRANZ JOSEPH, 30 NOVEMBER 1916

Emperor Charles, Empress Zita, Crown Prince Otto and the Kings of Saxony, Bavaria and Bulgaria in the funeral procession of the Emperor Franz Joseph.

https://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/205092071
Ook hier: https://www.gettyimages.nl/detail/nieuwsfoto's/franz-josef-i-of-austria-s-funeral-procession-30-november-nieuwsfotos/588249344
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The Diary of Arthur L. Linfoot - 58th Field Ambulance, R.A.M.C.

30 November 1916; Thursday
Up at 7. Parade at 7.25 for a double [1]. Hard work. Parade 9.15 for physical drill and afterwards short route march. Off in the afternoon. Walked into Doullens with Holman. Had 2 eggs for tea. Bought tea cosy for Mother. Heard of Air Raid and 2 Zeppelins brought down. One near Durham [2].

[1] “Double”, if correct, would mean “double march”, ie a run; there appear to have been sporadic attempts to improve the men’s fitness when not in the line.
[2] The Zeppelin brought down “near Durham” may have been L34, shot down near Hartlepool, about 20 miles from Durham, on 27 November by Second Lieutenant I. V. Pyott, flying a B.E. 2C aircraft of C flight 36 Squadron based at Seaton Carew aerodrome.


https://www.arthurlinfoot.org.uk/2016/11/30/30-november-1916-thursday/
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30 november 1916 - ss Kediri

Het vrachtschip ss 'Kediri' van de Rotterdamsche Lloyd, op weg van Batavia naar Marseille met o.a. een lading rijst en rubber, wordt nabij het eiland Gran Canaria door een Duitse onderzeeboot tot zinken gebracht.

De bemanning van het schip kan worden gered, aan boord worden genomen van het ss 'Rindjani' en vervolgens naar Nederland worden overgebracht.

Bron: 'De Zee' (1917), http://koopvaardij.blogspot.com/2014/11/30-november-1916.html
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Kundmachung...

... Aus Anlaß der am 30. November 1916 stattfindenden Beisetzung der Leiche weiland Seiner k. u. k. Apostolischen Majestät Franz Joseph I. werden im Einvernehmen mit dem Wiener Magistrat zur Aufrechterhaltung der Ordnung nachstehende Verfügungen getroffen.

Poster te lezen op https://www.digital.wienbibliothek.at/wbrobv/content/titleinfo/487750
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HANSARD - 30 November 1916 → Commons Sitting: PRESS CENSORSHIP.

Colonel J. CRAIG asked the Chief Secretary for Ireland whether he can state the reason for transferring the Press censorship from the military to the civil administration in Ireland; whether this course has been adopted in any other part of the United Kingdom; and whether care will be taken to exercise the censorship in a way that will not hamper free Press criticism of Irish administration as distinguished from military affairs?

Mr. DUKE The transfer of the censorship was thought by the military and civil authorities in Ireland to be desirable? and was made with a view to place the censorship in Ireland on as nearly as possible the same footing as hi England. I am not aware of any ground for expecting that the censorship will be used to interfere with free criticism of the Government.

Colonel CRAIG Will the right hon. Gentleman take pains to see that it is not interfered with?

Mr. DUKE I receive evidence every day that it has not the least effect on criticism either of the Government or of myself.

Mr. BYRNE Is the right hon. and learned Gentleman aware that there is a paper called "New Ireland," which had an article containing full particulars of Frongoch prison, which article was prohibited?

Mr. DUKE Well, Mr. Speaker, I have seen—

Mr. SPEAKER The hon. Gentleman had better give particulars of every particular instance.

https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1916/nov/30/press-censorship
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30 November 1915 - WW1 Blog - Jersey Heritage: BARS PLACED OUT OF BOUNDS TO SOLDIERS

The ongoing problem of drunkenness among off-duty soldiers continues to vex the local authorities. The military are in no doubt that one of the root causes of the problem is the availability of strong spirits, which some landlords have been permitting soldiers to buy over the bar for later consumption.

After being arrested for disturbances, a number of soldiers have been found with spirits in their possession. When challenged, pub landlords rightly claim that their licence allows the sale of spirits in containers before 8.00pm. Army officers have appealed to the Lieutenant Governor to ban sales of this type to men in uniform.

In the States this week, members are due to consider changes to the licensing law expressly limiting the availability of strong spirits. In the meantime, the Lieutenant Governor has taken steps to curb drinking among the guards serving at the Blanches Banques prisoner of war camp. He has placed the Corbière and Chalet Hotels at Corbière, and the Bay Inn at La Pulente ‘out of bounds’ for camp guards and instructed the civil police to ensure that this ban is complied with.

https://www.jerseyheritage.org/ww1-blog/30-november-1915
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Monash, Sir John KCMG KCB, (General) - Personal Files Book 10, 25 November - 30 November 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 10, covers 25 November 1915 to 30 November 1915 and includes letters from Monash questioning the lack of officers in the 13th Battalion and requesting that the entry and exit to Aghyl Dere be improved, messages on the progress of works at Aghyl Dere, and a final message from Sir Godley upon his leaving command of the New Zealand and Australian Division.
This file contains:
(...) Message from Durrant's Post to 4th Brigade, 30 November 1915;
Special report issued by Major Margolin, 30 November 1915;
Letter from Monash to HQ, NZ and Australian Division, 30 November 1915;
Distribution of Personnel in Forward Defences by Battalions, Location and Rank, 30 November 1915;
Message from Durrant's Post to G.O.C. 4th Brigade, 30 November 1915;
Report by No.1 Subsection for the period 30 November to 1 December, 1 December 1915;
Message from NZ Infantry Brigade to 4th Australian Brigade, 30 November 1915;
Extract from Revue Israelite d'Egypte with a paragraph on a distinction received by Monash, written in French, 30 November 1915;
Message from C.O. No. 2 Subsection to 4th Brigade, 30 November 1915;
Message from Durrant's Post to 4th Brigade, 30 November 1915;
Correspondence between Lieutenant Colonel McGlinn and 14th Battalion at Durrant's Post, 30 November 1915.

https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/RCDIG0000605
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Nov 2018 10:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

THE GALLIPOLI CAMPAIGN: A Maori in the Apex trenches on 30 November 1915.

The cheerfulness of the Maoris in the New Zealand contingent, despite terrible conditions, was noted by many observers.

https://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/205189981
(via https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/20-remarkable-photos-from-gallipoli)
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