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23 september

 
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Emiel



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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2006 7:44    Onderwerp: 23 september Reageer met quote

Neue Schlacht an der Somme
Rumänische Niederlage bei Hermannstadt

1916
Großes Hauptquartier, 23. September.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht:
Nördlich der Somme hat die Schlacht von neuem begonnen. Nach dauernder Steigerung des Artilleriefeuers griffen die Franzosen die Linie Combles-Rancourt an. Sie hatten keinen Erfolg; ebensowenig die Engländer, die bei Courcelette vorzubrechen versuchten. Nachträglich ist gemeldet, daß in der Nacht zum 22. September englische Teilangriffe bei dem Gehöft Mouquet und bei Courcelette abgeschlagen wurden.
Wir haben im Luftkampf nördlich der Somme 11 feindliche Flugzeuge abgeschossen.
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Front des Generalfeldmarschalls Prinzen Leopold von Bayern:
Bei Korytnika scheiterten starke russische Angriffe.
Front des Generals der Kavallerie Erzherzogs Carl:
In den Karpathen flauten die Kämpfe ab. Einzelne feindliche Vorstöße blieben erfolglos.
Kriegsschauplatz in Siebenbürgen:
Beiderseits von Hermannstadt (Nagy-Szeben) griffen etwa 2 rumänische Divisionen an. Sie wurden von unseren Sicherungsabteilungen unter sehr erheblichen blutigen Verlusten abgewiesen; bei Gegenstößen nahmen wir 3 Offiziere, 526 Mann gefangen. Bei Szt. Janoshegy wurden die eigenen Postierungen nachts zurückgenommen.
Der Vulkanpaß ist von uns genommen und gegen feindliche Wiedereroberungsversuche behauptet.
Balkan-Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresgruppe des Generalfeldmarschalls v. Mackensen:
In der Dobrudscha sind rumänische Vorstöße in der Nähe der Donau und südwestlich von Topraisar abgeschlagen.
Mazedonische Front:
Vergebliche feindliche Angriffsversuche und stellenweise lebhafte Artillerietätigkeit. Das Gelände südlich der Belasitza Planina bis zum Krusa ist vom Gegner geräumt.

http://www.stahlgewitter.com/
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Emiel



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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2006 7:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1917 : German pilot Werner Voss shot down over Western Front

On this day in 1917, the German flying ace Werner Voss is shot down and killed during a dogfight with British pilots in the skies over Belgium, on the Western Front during World War I.


Voss, born in 1887, enlisted as a cavalry soldier in 1914, but soon transferred to the Luftstreitkrafte or German Air Service, where he was posted to the Jasta 2 squadron, commanded by the renowned pilot Oswald Boelcke. After serving as a wingman to Manfred von Richthofen—the ace pilot later known as the Red Baron—Voss quickly established a reputation as a leading pilot in his own right, and a rival to Richthofen. By May 1917, Voss had amassed 28 victories in the air, earning the prestigious Pour le Merite award.


At Richthofen’s request, Voss was attached to his own squadron, Jasta 10—known as the "Flying Circus." He earned another 14 victories there before September 23, 1917, when he was involved in a dogfight with the renowned British 56 Squadron "B" Flight—including the ace pilots James McCudden and Arthur Rhys Davids—above the Western Front in Belgium. Though Voss skillfully eluded his pursuers for some 10 minutes in his silver-grey Fokker triplane, he was shot down by a British attack and crashed north of Frezenburg. As McCudden later observed: "I shall never forget my admiration for that German pilot, who single handed, fought seven of us for ten minutes. I saw him go into a fairly steep dive and so I continued to watch, and then saw the triplane hit the ground and disappear into a thousand fragments, for it seemed to me that it literally went into powder."


The attack was generally credited to Davids, who also shot down the German pilot Carl Menckhoff when the latter came to Voss’ aid. Menckhoff survived the fight—one of the best-known aerial dogfights of World War I—to lead his own squadron throughout the end of the war. As for Voss, his bravery and skill was celebrated posthumously on both sides of the line. In James McCudden’s words: "His flying is wonderful, his courage magnificent and in my opinion he was the bravest German airman whom it has been my privilege to see

www.historychannel.com
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 16:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The South Wales Borderers - Battalions of the Regular Army

2nd Battalion
August 1914 : in Tientsin, China.
23 September 1914 : landed at Lao Shan Bay for operations against the German territory of Tsingtao.
4 December 1914 : embarked at Hong Kong, landing at Plymouth 12 January 1915.
12 January 1915 : attached to 87th Brigade, 29th Division. Moved to Rugby.
17 March 1915 : embarked at Avonmouth for operations at Gallipoli. Landed at Cape Helles 25 April 1915.
11 january 1916 : moved to Egypt and went on to France, arriving Marseilles 15 March 1916.

http://www.1914-1918.net/swb.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 16:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

British Military Garrison - Tipperary Co. Tipperary Ireland

16TH IRISH DIVISION
The War Office issued Army Order No. 382 on 11 September 1914 authorising six divisions numbered from 15th to 20th. It was the 2nd New Army and during September 1914 the formation of 16th (Irish) Division began. Lieutenant-General Sir Lawrence W. Parsons was appointed to command on 23 September 1914.

Gen. Parsons opened his headquarters in Dublin. But because 10th Division had priority in organising and first claim on accommodation and training areas, 16th Division was sent south to Munster. Divisional Headquarters moved on 8 October 1914 and established itself at Mallow, Co. Cork. The headquarters of its three infantry brigades were: at Fermoy, 47 Brigade, Buttevant, 48 Brigade, all in Co. Cork; and in Tipperary town, 49 Brigade. The artillery was at Cahir, Fermoy and Kilkenny; the engineers at Moore Park, Kilworth.

http://tipperarybarracks.webs.com/thebarracks191418.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 16:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Maritieme kalender

Welke maritieme gebeurtenissen vonden plaats op welke dag of in welke maand?

23 september...

1914 - Het kofschip 'Poolster', op weg van Grangermouth (Schotland) naar Göteborg wordt vermist op de Noordzee. Later zal blijken dat van dit schip zes opvarenden om het leven zijn gekomen.
Bron: L.L. von Münching: 'De Ned. koopvaardij in de eerste oorlogsmaanden van 1914' in: 'DBW' jrg. 54 nr. 3 (1999)

1915 - Het vrachtschip ss. 'Eemdijk' (1913) van de Holland-Amerika Lijn, op weg van Buenos Aires naar Kopenhagen met een lading mais, onder kapitein G.C. Kok, loopt nabij de Doggersbank achtereenvolgens op twee mijnen, waarna het schip zinkt. De bemanning, die het schip inmiddels heeft verlaten, kan worden gered door het Zweedse ss. 'Framnaes'.
Bron: L.L. von Münching: 'De Nederlandse koopvaardij in de eerste oorlogsmaanden van 1915' in: 'DBW' jrg. 55 nr. 2 (2000)

1916 - De raderboot 'Prins Hendrik' van de Stoomvaart Maatschappij 'Zeeland' wordt door enkele Duitse torpedoboten aangehouden en vervolgens naar Zeebrugge opgebracht. Zo verspeelde de maatschappij gedurende de afgelopen maanden van 1916 maar liefst drie schepen.
Bron: L.L. von Münching: 'Ned. koopvaardij tijdens de oorlogsmaanden van 1916' in: 'DBW' jrg. 57 nr. 3 (2002).

1916 - De stoomtrawler 'Burgemeester Vening Meinesz' (IJM 97) vergaat tijdens het vissen met man en muis op de Noordzee, vermoedelijk als gevolg van een mijnexplosie.
Bron: 'De Zee' (1917)

http://www.scheepvaartmuseum.nl/collectie/maritieme-kalender?j=&m=9&d=23
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 16:23    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Some important "firsts and lasts" of the Great War

First shooting down of a German aeroplane by anti aircraft fire - 23 September 1914

Lt O. Hogg and his gun team of No. 2 AA Section of the Royal Garrison Artillery, then with III Corps, shot down an enemy aircraft after firing 75 rounds.

http://www.1914-1918.net/firstsnlasts.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 16:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The ruins of Albert, Somme, France, 23 September 1914.

Albert was the scene of fierce fighting in September 1914, and was close to the front line throughout the war. By 1916 much of the town had been reduced to rubble and by 1919 its population had declined to 120 from its pre-war level of over 7000.

Foto... http://www.imagestate.com/Preview/PreviewPage.aspx?id=1217625
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 17:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Mecenseffy, Artur, Edler von.(1865-1917).

Note: among the men of the Austro-Hungarian army killed in action during WWI there were four generals: three major generals plus Artur Edler von Mecenseffy who was Feldmarschalleutnant (= lieutnant general) when he was killed - so he was the highest ranking Austro-Hungarian soldier who lost his life on the battlefield.

Born on 23 June 1865 in Vienna, Mecenseffy was married to Hedwig von Thausing; the couple had two children, a son Emil and a daughter Greta.

In 1882 Mecenseffy volunteered for the Engineer's Regiment and became second lieutnant in 1885. He passed the Kriegsschule (war academy), became general staff officer for the following years and went up the ranks: In 1895, as a captain, he was transferred to the operations bureau of the general staff. In 1907 he was one of the officers who had to work out "Plan U", a top-secret-plan dealing with the possible military occupation of the Hungarian part of the Habsburg monarchy in case of internal disturbances. In 1909, as a lieutenant-colonel, he became head of the supplies section/general staff. On 1/11/1912 he was appointed major general and made commander of the 18th infantry brigade (9th infantry division, Prague / now, the Czech Republic).

On 29 July 1914 Mecenseffy was made chief of the general staff 2nd Army (Gen. Boehm-Ermolli). The army commander and his chief of staff didn't cooperate properly, their characters were too different, and so when the 2nd Army - which first had been transferred to the Serbian border - arrived on the Russian front, Boehm-Ermolli told General Conrad, chief of staff of all the Austro-Hungarian forces, that he - although regarding Mecenseffy's abilities very high - wanted a change. Conrad did not react to Boehm's letter, so Boehm renewed his wish (letter dating from 23 September 1914) pointing out that Mecenseffy had had to stay in bed for three days because of bronchitis and needed a rest. At this time Conrad carried out Boehm's wish: Mecenseffy was replaced by Major General Bardolff (24 September 1914), but immediately he got a new task: he was made commander of supplies 4th army.

Lees verder op http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/Mecenseffy
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 17:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Mobilization of the 1st Canadian Division

Departure for Europe - The transportation of the army to the port of Quebec began on the wet night of 23/24 September 1914. The weather that night was so bad that the infantry were not expected to make the journey on foot and were brought from Valcartier camp in a long succession of trains. However, columns of field artillery and transport wagons and vehicles crawled the sixteen miles down the valley from Valcartier to Quebec in the rain and the mud. Arriving at daybreak the men were drenched, but morale was high because at last they were off to do the job for which they had volunteered. The whole embarkation of horses, men, guns and wagons was completed in less than three days.

http://www.greatwar.co.uk/westfront/armies/britishunits/1cdndiv.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 17:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Medals of Austria-Hungary

Militär-Verdienstkreuz (Cross for Military Merit).
Awarded to officers, in peace time, for distinguished service through zeal and perseverance, in war time for valour and fine leadership. The cross, in white enamel with red enamel borders, was originally instituted on 21 October 1849 by Emperor Franz Joseph I and in 1860 the "Kriegsdekoration" (War Decoration), a gilded laurel wreath appearing between the arms of the cross, was added for distinction in action. On 23 September 1914 the decoration was reorganized into three classes :

- 1st Class becoming a breast pin cross (only for general officers commanding at least an army corps),
- 2nd Class a neck badge
- 3rd Class a breast badge.

On 13 December 1916 crossed gilt swords to be attached on the ribbon were instituted while from 1 August 1917 onwards, subsequent awards of the 3rd Class could be identified by trapeze shaped, gilt bars. The obverse medaillon of the cross bears the word "VER / DIENST" (Merit), the reverse is in plain white enamel.

http://www.gwpda.org/medals/austmedl/austria.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 17:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1915)

23 september 1915 - De burgemeester van Baarle-Hertog vroeg veertien dagen zaaiverlof voor Johannes van Eijck, 6de infanterieregiment, 1ste bataljon 4de compagnie. Zijn vader was al 68 jaar en er was een gebrek aan werkkrachten. (Gemeentearchief Baarle-Hertog; 2.073.564 Register van Briefwisseling)

http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:dcNsuaoxiSMJ:www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla/index.php%3Foption%3Dcom_content%26view%3Darticle%26id%3D188:06-kroniek-van-baarle-in-de-eerste-wereldoorlog-1915%26catid%3D90:oorlog%26Itemid%3D118+23+september+1915&cd=14&hl=nl&ct=clnk&gl=nl
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 18:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Australia and the Gallipoli Campaign

25 April 1922 - Mr and Mrs Norton Grimwade visited their son's grave on Gallipoli. Beside his grave they placed a stone and this message:

This stone was brought from the home of George R Grimwade, Melbourne, Australia, and placed here in ever loving remembrance by his parents, April 1922.

Private George Grimwade, 6th Field Ambulance, Australian Army Medical Corps, age 20, died at Gallipoli on 23 September 1915. His grave is in Shrapnel Valley Cemetery.

http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/5environment/timelines/australia-gallipoli-campaign/1916-2000.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 18:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Zeppelin wreck 23 sept 1916

Zeppelin shot down over England 23 sept 1916.
Wreckage of Zeppelin L31 or L32 on Sept 27 1916.

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zeppelin_wreck_23_sept_1916.JPG
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 18:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letters from Viv

Flanders, 23/9/16

My Darling Sweetheart,

I got your letters Nos. 34 & 35, dated 30th July and 2nd August respectively O.K. and as always, they brought you ever so much closer to me for a while.

Since arriving here, we have been resting and have not yet been in the trenches, which are, I believe, in rather a battered condition, not having properly recovered from the third battle of Y. Was also greatly pleased to get the cutting from "The Sun".

Do you know, that cutting is the only photo I have in my possession now. You can make up for me, if you like, an Xmas box of a pocket wallet containing photos of both families, and I can promise you, it will give me as much pleasure as anything bar being at home with you again.

The weather has been very cold and wet, but today is gloriously fine and so comes out our friend the Taube. We know he is about because we hear the anti-aircraft guns ("Archies") and see the white puffs of their shells mottling the sky. Those who have strong sight can pick out the tiny speck that all the commotion is about, flying so high that, with the slight haze the heat has brought forth, any but large objects below must be indistinguishable. Perhaps they are merely out for "moral effect" to hearten their troops who must be sorely disappointed to see so many of our machines flying so low while theirs hardly ever venture out. If so, the height they keep at is explicable, and is regulated by the range of our "Archies". The radius of the action of the Taubes is governed by the time it requires for one of our machines to reach their height. They take no chances.

Our visit to the line has been postponed, and disquietening rumours are afloat concerning an early revisit to the scene of our late activities. None of us are hankering after more of "that".

Just had a message from Ernie Graham. He is in the 52nd, and I believe is within walking distance. He met one of our sigs. and enquired after me and sent a message that he was O.K. Believe he has a stripe and is in the transport. If he has any sense he’ll stay there too.”

(Afternoon) --- Ernie has just been over to see me and is camped within a few miles. He is looking well, but occasionally has trouble with his leg. Alfie is with him, but could not come over to-day. "A" Company played the Transport cricket to-day, and got a hiding by six wickets but our boys won’t be satisfied with that, and if the weather holds up, there’ll be some keen contests. All our lads are keen on any sort of sport, and I think that it’s better for them to be playing than working until they get their dash back again. I sympathise with your feelings in regard to the "Stay-at-homes". Stan, of course, has bad eyes, but even so could do some base work and release a fit man, as for the rest ---Well--

The papers are, or were, full of the doings of the Australians at Pozieres and thereabouts. In the second stunt, many units went in under half strength, consequently the usual system of frequent reliefs for the front line was impossible, and the line became dangerously thin in places.

You may have read the story of Mouquet Farm and how it was won and lost. If the supporting, flanking, or even attacking units had been full strength, the gap in front would not have occurred, or would have been immediately filled and so the situation would have been saved. The wounded are being rushed back in indecent haste as soon as their wounds have closed. The few left in the line have usually to do, or attempt to do, the work of a full unit -- so they are worked to a stand-still, and one finds it impossible to obtain any rest for them. In a couple of days they are useless for offensive purposes, although they are still as game as ever. This is, undoubtedly, the reason why our operations were not as fully successful as the courage and spirit of the men deserved, and is also the direct cause of a great many casualties.

Two or more attempts at a position are always more costly in life than one successful attack would be. The only reason why more than one attempt was necessary was that we had to use tired men on almost every occasion, and not enough of them even had they been fresh.

Our base depot is empty, and we are still waiting for men we should have had a month ago! Where are they? Still walking the streets! You see them every time you go to town. How many of us will be left by the time they step in to give us a hand - I wonder?

Well, I must close now. Goodnight, Sweetheart. Remember me to all enquiring friends, and keep a cheerful heart and a smiling face to all that comes along. God keep and guard you always, and realise for us our hopes and dreams.

With all my love sweetheart,

Ever and only yours,

Viv

http://www.smythe.id.au/letters/viv_15.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 18:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

World War I Flight Timeline

September 23, 1916 - Eleven Zeppelins raid England.

http://science.howstuffworks.com/transport/flight/classic/world-war-i-flight-timeline1.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 18:12    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Mysterious Britain & Ireland - Haunted Pubs Gazetteer

Black Swan Public House, 148 Bow Road

On the evening of 23 September 1916, the L-33 a German Zeppelin under the command of Kapitan Alois Bocker bombed Upminster and Bromley during a World War I air raid. Anti aircraft fire from Victoria Park, Wanstead or Beckton damaged the L-33 whilst it was at 13,000 feet. Needing to shed weight it dropped more bombs, one of which destroyed the Black Swan on Bow Road. Other businesses damaged were Homelight Oil Company in Old Ford Road and Lusty & Sons Timber Yard in Bell Road. Eleven people were killed, including family members of the Black Swan’s landlord. These were his twenty year old daughter Cissie Reynolds, twenty one year old daughter Sylvia Adams, her year old baby daughter also named Sylvia and Mrs Potter their grandmother. Nine year old Sydney Reynolds, eight year old George Reynolds and Henry Adams (Sylvia’s husband) survived.

The L-33 was forced to land at Little Wigborough at around 1.15am, 24 September 1916, after taking further fire from anti aircraft batteries at Kelvedon Hatch. The surviving crew destroyed the Zeppelin before they surrendered to Special Constable Edgar Nichols at Peldon and spent the rest of the war as prisoners.

The Black Swan was rebuilt in 1920 and was reputedly haunted by the ghosts of Cissie and Sylvia. The pub was demolished when Bow Road was widened in the 1970’s.

http://www.mysteriousbritain.co.uk/map/Haunted+Pubs
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 18:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

WW1: Experiences of an English Soldier

September 23rd 1917.

Dear Jack

I have received your letter and I got the cigs alright. You did not mention about the mug you had got for Willie it will be very nice. I will tell Ethel he has to use it. The raid you read about in the papers was made by our Battalion. B Coy went over and we, no 12 platoon C. Coy stood to. It was made to get a prisoner or two, to get information which they did, they lost one man and two wounded, it happened about five one morning. I got a slight wound in the face with shrapnel but not much it is alright now, I did not go to the doctor. There as been a big advance this last day or two but I have been left out. We get left out in turns.we are expecting our Coy out tonight. We have some rough times out here but I think the Germans have it rougher. We have to make the best of it. I should be glad when it is all over. John Bull watched us march past just over a week ago on our way to the trenches. I think we were the best batt in the Brigade, well in the division. I am pleased you’re keeping well and that they are keeping well at home. The rations have been very low lately, four and five to a loaf and small loaves too, that is the days bread. Write back as soon as possible, I’m always pleased to get a letter from you. Kate keeps sending me a small parcels which come in very nice, I hope she gets on alright at her fresh situation. I’m just going to write to Ethel.

With best love

from Harry

http://wwar1.blogspot.com/2007/09/letters-resume-harry-wounded.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 18:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The view from Stirling Castle with Sanctuary Wood in the distance, 23 September 1917

Foto... http://www.iwm.org.uk/upload/package/45/FatalSalient/fww-art5.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 18:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Shot at dawn, pardoned 90 years on
16 August 2006

More than 300 British soldiers who were shot during World War I for military offences are to receive formal pardons, Defence Secretary Des Browne has announced.

(...) PRIVATE CHARLES KIRMAN
The village of Furstow in Lincolnshire did not have a war memorial for the seven local men who died during World War I until 2005.

The delay of 87 years was caused by disagreements over the inclusion of Private Charles Kirman.

Pte Kirman of the Lincolnshire Regiment was shot for going absent without leave after fighting and being injured in two of the war's bloodiest battles - at Mons and the Somme.

He was 32 when he was shot on 23 September 1917, having been called up to fight when war began, after previously leaving the army after nine years' service.

During the war he was injured several times and sent home to recuperate but in September 1917 felt he could not take any more and went absent without leave.

After two days he handed himself in to the military police and was court martialled and shot at dawn.

Villagers decided not to put up a memorial following the war, after some local objection over Pte Kirman's inclusion.

Nicola Pike, who successfully campaigned for a memorial including his name, said: "There would have been somebody in the village who disagreed with it, so the rest of the families said 'if you're not having him, then you're not having our boys, because they all went to school together and worked together'."

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/4798025.stm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 18:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Rouen, France. 23 September 1918.

Group portrait of the staff of the 1st Australian General Hospital in the Hospital grounds at Rouen.

Identified: Warrant Officer F. E. Middleton (1); Staff Sergeant (S Sgt) D. S. North (2); Sergeant (Sgt) T. Lamb (3); S Sgt L. C. Hall (4); Sgt G. W. Carseldine (5); Sgt J. J. Moran (6); Sgt F. T. King (7); Sgt S. C. Grahame (8); Sgt E. L. Norris (9); S Sgt A. L. Miscamble (10); Corporal (Cpl) A. C. Ferguson (11); Private (Pte) A. G. James (12); Pte H. S. McNeilly (13); Pte F. Douglas (14); Pte A. L. Noble (15); Pte J. Williams (16); Cpl F. M. Noble (17); Sgt D. Cameron (18); Cpl R. S. Arnold (19); Colonel J. A. Dick CMG (20); Matron E. Cornwell RRC (21); Captain (Capt) J. Love (22); Capt (Chaplain) J. Nicholls (23); Capt E. H. Jenkins (24); Capt William G. Oakley (25); Sister (Sr) H. E. Tait ARRC (26); Head Sister A. Kidd Hart ARRC (27); Staff Nurse (SN) S. L. Capley (28); Sr S. A. Kirkham (29); SN C. MacKly (30); Sr M. L. Buckley (31); Sr D. J. L. Newton (32); Sr E. McClelland (33); Head Sister E. M. Menhennett (34); Sr G. A. Grewar (35); SN S. J. Proctar (36); Sr A. E. Shadforth (37); Sr C. C. McSpedden (38); Sr A. B. McKay (39); SN A. R. Alleyene (40); Sr M. Ogelthorpe (41); Sr R. B. Just (42); Sr F. Blythe Clarke (43); Sr L. Riley (44); Capt N. L. Speirs (45); Major (Maj) W. A. Hailes DSO (46); Maj K. McK. Doig MC (47); Capt M. L. Scott (48); Maj W. S. Sweet (49); Lieutenant Colonel H. C. Nott (50); Capt L. H. Whetter (51); Maj J. S. Verco (52); Sr A. A. Morehead (53); Sr E. M. J. Graham (54); SN S. R. Francis (55); SN G. A. Morton (56); SN E. Beagley (57); SN F. M. Auld (58); SN A. B. Tapp (59); Sr M. E. Cullen (60); SN L. Creasy (61); SN F. Kay (62); SN M. Knight (63); SN A. Bowtell (64); SN V. C. Dobson (65); SN D. L. Henry (66); SN M. Nisbel (67); Sr S. C. MacDonald (68); Pte W. Langridge (69); Capt Broadbent (70); Lieutenant (Lt) H. W. Powell (71); Capt Cochrane (72); Pte A. H. Pope (73); Pte S. T. Randell (74); Lance Corporal (L Cpl) A. Caird (75); Pte C. J. Rooney (76); Pte A. L. Higgins (77); unidentified (78); Pte G. G. Ball (79); Pte P. Downie (89); L Cpl D. W. Baptie (81); Pte W. H. Barker (82); Pte E. S. Randell (83); L Cpl W. Lawrence (84); Pte W. G. Pryor (85); Pte W. H. Flavel (86); Pte J. G. Dane (87); Pte B. G. Roy (88); L Cpl E. H. C. Pynor (89); Pte F. F. Smith (90); Pte F. A. O'Malley (91); Pte Penhall (92); Pte C. W. Dicker (93); Pte A. P. McGarry (94); L Cpl T. See (95); Pte G. V. Nicholls (96); Pte W. J. Walden (97); Pte A. Duncan (98); Pte C. Bartosh (99); Pte G. D. Graham (100); Pte F. M. Cunningham (101); Pte Y. F. Ronan (102); Pte T. H. Morrison (103); Pte W. Harrington (104); Pte H. T. Gardiner (105); Pte A. Simmons (106); Pte J. C. Trumble (107); Pte R. E. Jones (108); Pte J. H. Lloyd (109); Pte J. Clifford (110); Pte A. Rundle (111); Pte J. Isherwood (112); Pte C. J. Campbell (113); Pte D. O. Berg (114); Pte A. W. Greenwood (115); Pte E. Lott (116); L Cpl J. A. Bondietti (117); Cpl A. V. Solomon (118); Pte E. A. Binskin (119); L Cpl C. E. Owen (120); L Cpl C. Jensen (121); Pte W. R. Moir (122); Pte C. T. Denholm (123); Pte E. A. Taylor (124). See E03419BKLEFT and E03419BKRIGHT for position of those named in this caption.

Foto... http://cas.awm.gov.au/photograph/E03419B
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 18:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

World War I next to Haifa

During the First World War the entire bay area was placed under a sea blockade and
mined by the Turks.Haifa was hit by the First World War, especially as a result of the
cessation of all economic and commercial activities prevailing at that time. This was a
time of great poverty and famine in the North of Palestine.
In contrast to several other cities and settlements in Israel, there was no actual great
physical destruction which took place in Haifa. The battle which was fought to gain
control of the city ceased after a couple of days, without causing any severe destruction
or killing.
On the 23rd September, 1918, the British took over the control of the city which was
captured by the Mysore and Jodhpur Lancers
Many soldiers are buried in Commonwealth cemeteries in Israel and also in Haifa

http://www.haifa-israel.info/ANZAC.html
Zie ook http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=83044
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 18:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Mutinies in the 1st AIF

(...) Further mutinies occurred after an order was promulgated on 23 September 1918 to disband the 19th, 21st, 25th, 37th, 42nd, 54th and 60th Battalions to reinforce others. All but the 60th refused to disband and on 27 September Monash postponed the order until after the coming attack on the Hindenburg Line. All of the battalions so ordered eventually disbanded. These events have entered Australian folklore as “soldiers strikes” but as instances of mass disobedience against the lawful authority of commissioned officers, they were, plain and simply, mutinies.

Mutiny was one of only two charges for which AIF soldiers could be executed. No charges were ever laid for the 59th Battalion or the disbandment mutinies, but all 119 members involved in the 1st Battalion mutiny were tried, and all but one found guilty. Seemingly to avoid the application of the death penalty, all were tried with desertion and not mutiny. In any case, the end of hostilities caused Monash not to enforce the sentences.

http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-asstd/mutiny.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 18:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Badlu Singh

Badlu Singh (November 1876-23 September 1918) VC was an Indian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. (...)

He was a ressaidar in the 14th Murray's Jat Lancers, Indian Army, attached to 29th Lancers (Deccan Horse) during the First World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC.

On 23 September 1918 on the west bank of the River Jordan, Palestine, when his squadron was charging a strong enemy position, Ressaidar Badlu Singh realised that heavy casualties were being inflicted from a small hill occupied by machine-guns and 20 infantry. Without any hesitation he collected six other ranks and with entire disregard of danger he charged and captured the position. He was mortally wounded on the very top of the hill when capturing one of the machine-guns single handed, but all the guns and infantry had surrendered to him before he died

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Badlu_Singh
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 18:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Smile, Smile, Smile
by Wilfred Owen (1893-1918)

Head to limp head, the sunk-eyed wounded scanned
Yesterday's Mail; the casualties (typed small)
And (large) Vast spammer from our Latest Haul.
Also, they read of Cheap Homes, not yet planned;
For, said the paper, "When this war is done
The men's first instinct will be making homes.
Meanwhile their foremost need is aerodromes,
It being certain war has just begun.
Peace would do wrong to our undying dead, --
The sons we offered might regret they died
If we got nothing lasting in their stead.
We must be solidly indemnified.
Though all be worthy Victory which all bought,
We rulers sitting in this ancient spot
Would wrong our very selves if we forgot
The greatest glory will be theirs who fought,
Who kept this nation in integrity."
Nation? -- The half-limbed readers did not chafe
But smiled at one another curiously
Like secret men who know their secret safe.
This is the thing they know and never speak,
That England one by one had fled to France
(Not many elsewhere now save under France).
Pictures of these broad smiles appear each week,
And people in whose voice real feeling rings
Say: How they smile! They're happy now, poor things.


23rd September 1918.

http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/wowen/bl-wowen-smile.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Sep 2010 18:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Meierijsche Courant, Dinsdag 23 September 1919.

Valkenswaard. Gisteren had Mevr. H. M. v. Hoorn-Boogels het genoegen de heugelijke tijding te mogen ontvangen dat zij benoemd is voor de souvereine orde van Malta tot ridder 3de kl. Malthezer-orde in gouden kruis, voor de vele diensten bewezen tijdens het verblijf van de Belgische en Fransche vluchtelingen hier ter plaatse.

http://www.shgv.nl/KrantenArtikelen/19192.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2011 9:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

V. I. Lenin: "To the American Workers"
Written: 23 September, 1919

Comrades,

About a year ago, in my letter to the American workers (dated August 20th, 1918) I exposed to you the situation in Soviet Russia and the problems facing the latter. That was before the German revolution. The events which since took place in the world’s history proved how right the Bolsheviks were in their estimation of the imperialist war of 1914-18 in general and of the Entente imperialism in particular. As for the Soviet power it has become familiar and dear to the minds and hearts of the working masses of the whole world. Everywhere the working people, in spite of the influence of the old leaders with their chauvinism and opportunism penetrating them through and through, become aware of the rottenness of the bourgeois parliaments and of the necessity of the Soviet power, the power of the working people, the dictatorship of the proletariat, for the sake of the emancipation of humanity from the yoke of capital. And Soviet power will win in the whole world, however furiously, however frantically the bourgeoisie of all countries rages and storms. The bourgeoisie inundates Russia with blood, waging war upon us and inciting against us the counter-revolutionaries, those who wish the yoke of capital to be restored. The bourgeoisie inflicts upon the working masses of Russia unprecedented sufferings through the blockade and through the help it gives to counter-revolution, but we have already defeated Kolchak and we are carrying on the war against Denikin with the firm assurance of our coming victory.

N. Lenin

September 23, 1919

**********--*--**********

I am often asked whether those American opponents of the war against Russia—not only workers, but mainly bourgeois—are right, who expect from us, after peace is concluded, not only resumption of trade relations, but also the possibility of receiving concessions in Russia. I repeat once more that they are right. A durable peace would be such a relief to the working people of Russia that they would undoubtedly agree to certain concessions being granted. The granting of concessions under reasonable terms is desirable also for us, as one of the means of attracting into Russia, during the period of the coexistence side by side of socialist and capitalist states, the technical help of the countries which are more advanced in this respect.

N. Lenin

September 23, 1919

http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1919/sep/23.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2014 6:24    Onderwerp: Le 23 septembre 1914 du 256e régiment d’infanterie de Chalon Reageer met quote

Le 23 septembre 1914 du 256e régiment d’infanterie de Chalon

Le 23 septembre 1914 du 256e régiment d’infanterie de Chalon. Même situation des compagnies dans les Vosges. La 21e repousse quelques patrouilles allemandes. La 22e ne signale rien. La 23e compagnie, dans la nuit, envoie une patrouille de sept volontaires, commandée par le caporal Gillardin avec mission de fouiller plusieurs fermes en avant des lignes d’avant-postes extrêmes, dans la direction d’Orbey. Rien n’a été trouvé mais ces fermes étaient visitées par des patrouilles allemandes. La 20e continue ses travaux.

Bron: http://www.lejsl.com/edition-de-chalon/2014/09/23/le-23-septembre-1914-du-256e-regiment-d-infanterie-de-chalon
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2014 11:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

For The Fallen

With proud thanksgiving, a mother for her children,
England mourns for her dead across the sea.
Flesh of her flesh they were, spirit of her spirit,
Fallen in the cause of the free.

Solemn the drums thrill; Death august and royal
Sings sorrow up into immortal spheres,
There is music in the midst of desolation
And a glory that shines upon our tears.

They went with songs to the battle, they were young,
Straight of limb, true of eye, steady and aglow.
They were staunch to the end against odds uncounted;
They fell with their faces to the foe.

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.


They mingle not with their laughing comrades again;
They sit no more at familiar tables of home;
They have no lot in our labour of the day-time;
They sleep beyond England's foam.

But where our desires are and our hopes profound,
Felt as a well-spring that is hidden from sight,
To the innermost heart of their own land they are known
As the stars are known to the Night;

As the stars that shall be bright when we are dust,
Moving in marches upon the heavenly plain;
As the stars that are starry in the time of our darkness,
To the end, to the end, they remain.


Op de dag af 100 jaar geleden schreef Laurence Binyon zijn fameuze For the Fallen. Hij schreef het net na de aftocht uit Mons (Bergen) en de overwinning aan de Marne. 23 september 1914 werd het gepubliceerd in The Times.

'Ik zat op een klif in Polzeath, Cornwall toen ik het schreef,' herinnerde Binyon zich.
De strofe 'They Shall Grow Not Old', bekend van de dagelijkse 'Exhortation' tijdens de Last Post aan de Ieperse Menenpoort werd eerst geschreven, en gaf het ritmisch patroon aan voor de rest van het gedicht.

Tevens een eresaluut aan de buglers van de Last Post Association

Remembering, lest we forget.
poppy poppy [/i]
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